World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Atheist feminism

Article Id: WHEBN0022553934
Reproduction Date:

Title: Atheist feminism  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Feminism, Feminist theory, Index of feminism articles, Atheism, History of feminism
Collection: Atheist Feminism
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Atheist feminism


Atheist feminism is a movement that advocates feminism within atheism. Atheist feminists also oppose religion as a main source of female oppression and inequality, believing that the majority of the religions are sexist and oppressive to women.[1]

Contents

  • History 1
    • Ernestine Rose 1.1
    • Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Matilda Joslyn Gage 1.2
    • Today 1.3
  • See also 2
  • References 3

History

Ernestine Rose

Waist high portrait of woman in her forties, wearing a dark dress, with hair in ringlets
Ernestine Rose was a feminist and was an atheist, well before the label "atheist feminist" existed.

The first known feminist who was also an atheist was [2]

In the winter of 1836, Judge Thomas Hertell, a radical and freethinker, submitted a married women's property act in the legislature of the state of New York to investigate ways of improving the civil and property rights of married women, and to permit them to hold real estate in their own name, which they were not then permitted to do in New York. Upon hearing of the resolution, Ernestine Rose drew up a petition and began the soliciting of names to support the resolution in the state legislature, sending the petition to the legislature in 1838.[2] This was the first petition drive done by a woman in New York.[2] Ernestine continued to increase both the number of the petitions and the names until such rights were finally won in 1848, with the passing of the Married Women's Property Act. Others who participated in the work for the bill included [2] Later when Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton analyzed the influences which led to the Seneca Falls Convention on women's rights in 1848, they identified three causes, the first two being the radical ideas of Frances Wright and Ernestine Rose on religion and democracy, and the initial reforms in women's property law in the 1830s and 1840s.

Ernestine later joined a group of [2]

She attended the Women's Rights Convention in the Tabernacle, New York City, on September 10, 1853, and spoke at the Hartford Bible Convention in 1854.[2] It was in March of that year, also, that she took off with Susan B. Anthony on a speaking tour to Washington, D.C.[2] Susan B. Anthony arranged the meetings and Ernestine Rose did all of the speaking; after this successful tour, Susan B. Anthony embarked on her own first lecture tour.[2]

Later, in October 1854, Ernestine Rose was elected president of the National Women's Rights Convention at Philadelphia, overcoming the objection that she was unsuitable because of her atheism.[2] Susan B. Anthony supported her in this fight, declaring that every religion — and none — should have an equal right on the platform.[2] In 1856 she spoke at the Seventh National Woman's [Rights] Convention saying in part, "And when your minister asks you for money for missionary purposes, tell him there are higher, and holier, and nobler missions to be performed at home. When he asks for colleges to educate ministers, tell him you must educate woman, that she may do away with the necessity of ministers, so that they may be able to go to some useful employment."

She appeared again in Albany, New York, for the State Women's Rights Convention in early February 1861, the last one to be held until the end of the Civil War.[2] On May 14, 1863, she shared the podium with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, [2]

She was in attendance at the [2]

Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Matilda Joslyn Gage

Shoulder high portrait of an old woman with white hair
Elizabeth Cady Stanton in her later years

Chest high portrait of a middle aged woman wearing a dark dress and white shirt, hair up in a bun
A portrait of Matilda Gage

The most prominent other people to publicly advocate for feminism as well as atheism in the 1800s were Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Matilda Joslyn Gage.[3][4] In 1885 Elizabeth wrote an essay entitled "Has Christianity Benefited Woman?" arguing that it had in fact hurt women's rights, and stating, "All religions thus far have taught the headship and superiority of man, [and] the inferiority and subordination of woman. Whatever new dignity, honor, and self-respect the changing theologies may have brought to man, they have all alike brought to woman but another form of humiliation".[5] In 1893 Matilda Joslyn Gage wrote the book for which she is best known, "Woman, Church, and State," which was one of the first books to draw the conclusion that Christianity is a primary impediment to the progress of women, as well as civilization.[4] In 1895 Elizabeth Cady Stanton wrote The Woman's Bible, revised and continued with another book of the same name in 1898, in which she criticized religion and stated "the Bible in its teachings degrades women from Genesis to Revelation."[6][7] She died in 1902.[8] The right to vote was won for American women in 1920, and after that feminism of all types in America largely lay dormant until the 1960s.

Today

Atheist feminist Ayaan Hirsi Ali[9]

Atheist feminist [12] She has also written several articles on religion's harm to women.[13]

Other notable atheist feminists active today include Ayaan Hirsi Ali,[14] Ophelia Benson,[15][16] Amanda Marcotte,[17][18] and Taslima Nasrin.[19]

In 2012 the first "Women in Secularism" conference was held, from May 18–20 at the Crystal City Marriott at Reagan National Airport in Arlington, Virginia.[20] Also, Secular Woman was founded on June 28, 2012 as the first national organization focused on nonreligious women. The mission of Secular Woman is to amplify the voice, presence, and influence of non-religious women.

In August 2012 Jennifer McCreight founded a movement within atheism known as Atheism Plus that "applies skepticism to everything, including social issues like sexism, racism, politics, poverty, and crime."[21] Atheism Plus has a website.[22]

In July 2014 a joint statement by atheist activists Ophelia Benson and Richard Dawkins was issued stating, "It’s not news that allies can’t always agree on everything. People who rely on reason rather than dogma to think about the world are bound to disagree about some things. Disagreement is inevitable, but bullying and harassment are not. If we want secularism and atheism to gain respect, we have to be able to disagree with each other without trying to destroy each other. In other words we have to be able to manage disagreement ethically, like reasonable adults, as opposed to brawling like enraged children who need a nap. It should go without saying, but this means no death threats, rape threats, attacks on people’s appearance, age, race, sex, size, haircut; no photoshopping people into demeaning images, no vulgar epithets." [23] [24] Dawkins added, "I’m told that some people think I tacitly endorse such things even if I don’t indulge in them. Needless to say, I’m horrified by that suggestion. Any person who tries to intimidate members of our community with threats or harassment is in no way my ally and is only weakening the atheist movement by silencing its voices and driving away support." [25]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Does God Hate Women?". New Statesman. Retrieved 2010-07-26. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w American Atheists | Ernestine Rose: A Troublesome Female. Atheists.org. Retrieved on 2010-11-25.
  3. ^ 2000 Years of Disbelief: Famous People With the Courage to Doubt (9781573920674): James A. Haught: Books. Amazon.com. Retrieved on 2010-11-25.
  4. ^ a b Women, Church and State Index. Ftp.fortunaty.net. Retrieved on 2010-11-25.
  5. ^ Emory Women Writers Resource Project : Has Christianity Benefited Woman? an electronic edition : Essay 0. Womenwriters.library.emory.edu. Retrieved on 2010-11-25.
  6. ^ The Woman's Bible: A Classic Feminist Perspective (9780486424910): Elizabeth Cady Stanton: Books. Amazon.com. Retrieved on 2010-11-25.
  7. ^ The Woman's Bible Index. Sacred-texts.com. Retrieved on 2010-11-25.
  8. ^ Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  9. ^ "The Caged Virgin: An Emancipation Proclamation for Women and Islam (9780743288347): Ayaan Hirsi Ali: Books". Amazon.com.  
  10. ^ a b Getting Acquainted - About FFRF - Freedom From Religion Foundation
  11. ^   Retrieved on 2010-11-25.
  12. ^ Getting Acquainted - About FFRF. Ffrf.org. Retrieved on 2010-11-25.
  13. ^ Annie Laurie Gaylor's online writings. Ffrf.org. Retrieved on 2010-11-25.
  14. ^ "Tikkun Magazine – Ayaan Hirsi Ali—An Islamic Feminist Leaves Islam". Tikkun.org. Retrieved 2010-07-26. 
  15. ^ "Does God Hate Women". Does God Hate Women. Retrieved 2010-07-26. 
  16. ^ "Does God Hate Women? (9780826498267): Ophelia Benson, Jeremy Stangroom: Books". Amazon.com.  
  17. ^ pandagon.net. pandagon.net. Retrieved on 2010-11-25.
  18. ^ Pandagon :: Feminist atheism :: January :: 2008. Pandagon.blogsome.com. Retrieved on 2010-11-25.
  19. ^ No Country for Women » Humanism, Secularism, Feminism
  20. ^ Women in Secularism: 2012 conference in Washington, DC
  21. ^ Blag Hag » Atheism, feminism, geekery
  22. ^ Atheism Plus
  23. ^ Ophelia Benson. "Joint statement by Ophelia Benson and Richard Dawkins". Butterflies and Wheels. 
  24. ^ Stephanie. "Joint statement by Ophelia Benson and Richard Dawkins". Richard Dawkins Foundation. 
  25. ^ Stephanie. "Joint statement by Ophelia Benson and Richard Dawkins". Richard Dawkins Foundation. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.