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Austria–Denmark relations

Austrian-Danish relations
Map indicating locations of Denmark and Austria

Denmark

Austria

Austria–Denmark relations are the foreign relations between European Union. Diplomatic relations were established on 19 December 1925.[3]

Contents

  • History 1
    • Second Schleswig War 1.1
    • Austrian refugees 1.2
  • Trade 2
  • Melchior Lorck 3
  • Expatriates 4
  • Tourism 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

Austria and Denmark were allies against Sweden in 1643-45 and 1657-60. The Austrian Archduke has the Order of the Elephant, the highest Danish order of chivalry.[4]

In 1927, an agreement on free visas was signed in Berlin.[5]

Second Schleswig War

Austrian veterans from the Second Schleswig War of 1864.

The Second Schleswig War was the second military conflict as a result of the Schleswig-Holstein Question. It began on 1 February 1864, when Prussian forces crossed the border into Schleswig.

Denmark fought Prussia and Austria. Like the First Schleswig War (1848–51), it was fought for control of the duchies because of succession disputes concerning the duchies of Holstein and Lauenburg when the Danish king died without an heir acceptable to the German Confederation. Decisive controversy arose due to the passing of the November Constitution, which integrated the Duchy of Schleswig into the Danish kingdom in violation of the London Protocol.

Reasons for the war were the ethnic controversy in Schleswig and the co-existence of conflicting political systems within the Danish unitary state.

The war ended on 30 October 1864, when the Treaty of Vienna caused Denmark's cession of the Duchies of Schleswig, Holstein, and Saxe-Lauenburg to Prussia and Austria. It was the last victorious conflict of the Austrian Empire/Austria-Hungary in its history.[6]

Austrian refugees

After the First World War, 25,000 children from Vienna fled to Denmark, and 12,000 did so after the Second World War.[7]

Trade

Austria has a trade delegation in Copenhagen.[8]

The trade between Austria and Denmark increased from January to August 2010. Austrian exports to Denmark increased by almost 4%, mainly due to export growth in industrial sectors. Exports of pharmaceutical products increased by 8% and 20%.[9]

Melchior Lorck

Melchior Lorck was a renaissance painter, draughtsman, and printmaker of Danish-German origin. He produced the most thorough visual record of the life and customs of Turkey in the 16th century, to this day a unique source. He was also the first Danish artist of whom a substantial biography is reconstructable and a substantial body of artworks is attributable. Lorck returned to Western Europe in the autumn of 1559. In 1560 he is documented in Vienna, where he stayed until 1566.[10]

Expatriates

806 Danes live in Austria, and 1307 Austrians live in Denmark.[11]

Tourism

301,449 Danes visited Austria in 2007.[12]

References

  1. ^ "Austrian representatives in Denmark".  
  2. ^ "Danish embassy in Vienna, Austria".  
  3. ^ "Bilateral relations between Austria and Denmark (Treaties)".  
  4. ^  
  5. ^ "Exchange of Notes constituting an Agreement relating to the Abolition of Passports Visas for the Nationals of the two States. Berlin, June 9, and Copenhagen, June 11, 1927.".  
  6. ^ "Prussia and Austria fights Denmark 1864". Archived from the original on 14 July 2011. Retrieved 12 February 2011. 
  7. ^ Anne-Marie Mohr Nielsen (15 May 2007). "Vienna children remember Denmark". Kristeligt Dagblad (in Danish) (Kristeligt Dagblad). Retrieved 12 February 2011. 
  8. ^ "Austrian trade delegation in Denmark".  
  9. ^ "Newsletter Austrian embassy - Commercial Section".  
  10. ^ Fischer, Bencard and Rasmussen (2009-2010)
  11. ^ "Ties between Austria and Denmark".  
  12. ^ "Danish Tourism in Austria".  

External links

  • "Exchange of Notes for the provisional application to commercial relations between the two countries of the provisions contained in the Commercial and Maritime Convention of March 14, 1887, between Austria-Hungary and Denmark. Vienna, June 27 and 3o, 1923".  
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