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Title: Av  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: , Tammuz (Hebrew month), Elul, The Three Weeks, Chaim Ozer Grodzinski
Collection: Av, Months of the Hebrew Calendar
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Tammuz       Av (אָב)       Elul
The Second Temple in flames

Francesco Hayez, The Second Temple in flames, 1867. The 9th of Av, Tisha B'Av, is a fast commemorating what has been called the saddest day in Jewish history,[1] which is when the Holy Temple was set aflame.

Month Number: 5
Number of Days: 30
Season: Summer
Gregorian Equivalent: July–August

Av (Hebrew: אָב‎, Standard Av Tiberian ʾĀḇ Aramaic אבא Abba; from Akkadian abu; "father") is the eleventh month of the civil year and the fifth month of the ecclesiastical year on the Hebrew calendar. The name is Babylonian in origin and appeared in the Talmud around the 3rd century. This is the only month which is not named in the Bible. It is a summer month of 30 days. Av usually occurs in July–August on the Gregorian calendar.

The Babylonian Talmud, Taanit 29a, states that "when we enter [the month of] Av, our joy is diminished". This is because the darkest events in Jewish history occurred during the first week and a half of this month, particularly The Nine Days which culminate in Tisha B'Av, the 9th of Av. However, there is a minor and largely unknown holiday during the full moon of the month called Tu B'Av which was, in ancient times, one of the happiest days of the year.

The month is also sometimes referred to as Menachem Av (Hebrew: מנחם אב‎) (Av of Comfort or Comforter of Father(s)), but most only use this title in the sanctification of the month recited on the Shabbat before Rosh Chodesh and following Tisha B'Av.


  • Holidays in Av 1
  • Av in Jewish history 2
  • Other uses 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Holidays in Av

Av in Jewish history

Other uses

  • In the story of Xenogears, Av is the name of a country, named after the Hebrew month. In the official Japanese version translation, however, it was transliterated Ave. This was later further changed by the translation process to Aveh for the English version.
  • Ab (Arabic: آﺏ‎) is the name for the month of August in the Levant (see Arabic names of calendar months).


  1. ^ Telushkin, Joseph (1991). Jewish Literacy: Most Important Things to Know About the Jewish Religion, Its People and Its History. William Morrow & Co, 656. ISBN 0-688-08506-7.
  2. ^ Numbers 33:38.
  3. ^ II Kings 25:8
  4. ^ Talmud, Taanit 31a

External links

  • Resources on the Month of Av
  • Hebrew Month of Av
  • This Month in Jewish History
  • A Chodesh Av Perspective
  • Texts on Wikisource:
    • "Ab".  
    • "Ab".  
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