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Azur (satellite)

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Title: Azur (satellite)  
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Subject: Science and technology in West Germany, Timeline of first satellites by country, Mariner 6 and 7, Intelsat III F-3, Apollo 9
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Azur (satellite)

Operator BMWF/DLR
COSPAR ID 1969-097A
SATCAT № 4221
Mission duration 7 months
Spacecraft properties
Manufacturer BMWF/NASA
Launch mass 71 kilograms (157 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date 8 November 1969, 01:52 (1969-11-08T01:52Z) UTC
Rocket Scout B S169C
Launch site Vandenberg SLC-5
End of mission
Last contact Did not recognize date. Try slightly modifying the date in the first parameter.
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Medium Earth
Decayed into Low Earth
Periapsis 368 kilometres (229 mi)
Apoapsis 1,445 kilometres (898 mi)
Inclination 102.70 degrees
Period 102.99 minutes
Epoch 6 December 2013, 12:36:47 UTC[1]

Azur was West Germany's first scientific satellite. Launched on 8 November 1969 it studied the Van Allen belts, solar particles, and aurorae.[2] [3]


  1. ^ "AZUR (GRS A) Satellite details 1969-097A NORAD 4221". N2YO. 6 December 2013. Retrieved 6 December 2013. 
  2. ^ "Azur". The Internet Encyclopedia Of Science. Retrieved 2009-07-19. 
  3. ^ "Azur, Aeros, and Dial-Wika satellites". Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere, Colorado State University. Retrieved 2009-08-03. 

External links

  • Encylopedia of Science - Azur
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