World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Baghdad Manifesto

Article Id: WHEBN0003226175
Reproduction Date:

Title: Baghdad Manifesto  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, Isma'ilism, History of Islam, Imamah (Shia doctrine), Shia–Sunni relations
Collection: Baghdad Under the Abbasid Caliphate, History of Islam, Shia–sunni Relations
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Baghdad Manifesto

The manifesto of Baghdad was a testimony ordered by The Abbasid Caliph Al-Qadir in response to the growth of the Fatimid-supporting Ismaili sect of Islam within his borders.[1]

Most Ismailis viewed the Fatimids as their rightful spiritual and political leaders and their claim was made over the Muslim world. The majority of Arabs and Muslims rejected that claim.

This competition lead to the Baghdad Manifesto of 1011, in which the Abbāsids claimed that the line Ḥakīm represented did not legitimately descend from ˤAlī.

The manifesto of Baghdad is the testimony given by number of Muslim Sunni and "Twelvers" Shiite Genealogists and law scholars known all across the Islamic world in 402/1011, doubting the Sacred Mohammedan-‘Alid lineage of the Fatimids, they were declared to be descended from a Jew by the Name of Ibn al-qaddah, A Munafiq,which meant that the Fàtimid Dynasty were traced back to an infidel, an enemy of the faith , instead of the noble and venerable "Âalulbayt"(Family of the prophet) which was the basic Justification of the Sanctity of The Fàtimid rulers in the Ismaali doctrine

The statement that was ordered by The Abbasid Caliph Al-Qàdir to stop the spread of Ismailism within the very seat of his realm was long debated; among those who signed it were Ibn Razzam and Ibn Nadim.

Threatened by a possible rebellion within his empire, the Abbasid Caliph asked esteemed scholars and jurists to issue an edict claiming that the Fatimids were not descended from Ali. With this, he intended to delegitimize the Ismaili allegiance to the rival Fatimid domain on the basis of their claimed descent.[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b The Institute of Ismaili Studies - ‘al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah’
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.