Balgriffin

Balgriffin (Irish: Baile Ghrífín, meaning Griffin's Town) is a former rural, now largely residential, part of County Dublin, Ireland.


Location

Balgriffin is situated approximately 8 km (4.97 mi) from Dublin city centre. The district is in the constituency of Dublin North–East, with post code Dublin 17, and is administrated partly by each of Dublin City Council and Fingal County Council.

Transportation

Road

The hamlet of Balgriffin is served by Balgriffin Road from the east (Portmarnock), the N32 from Dublin Airport and Donaghmede on its southern edge, and by Malahide Road from the north (Kinsealy and Malahide) and south (Dublin city centre, Fairview and Coolock).

Bus

Dublin Bus provides the district of Balgriffin with services on the 15,[1] 42 and 43 routes,[2] the cemeteries being served by the 42 and 43.

History

Balgriffin is an old district that can be found on maps, many held in Dublin City Archive and Dublin County Archive, going back hundreds of years. In 1388 Robert Burnell, judge of the Court of Exchequer (Ireland), was lord of the manor of Balgriffin; his descendants who were also lords of the manor of Castleknock, were still at Balgriffin in the seventeenth century. Historically, it has remained as a lightly settled area of fields with a hamlet at a crossroads, at which now stands an 18th century public house, some cottages, a village green, and two cemeteries - the older of which is to the west, the newer, civic, one to the east.[3][4]

The best known feature of the area is the early St. Doulagh's Church; it is also said that magnate de Burgo (Burke) had a base close by.

Development

Until recent years a small rural settlement, Balgriffin experienced several developments, including St. Samson's and Castlemoyne, and most notably the substantial one called Belmayne, infamous for its provocative advertising, and unfinished.[5] This development is at February 2011 the subject of urgent fire safety works, but without the evacuation of residents experienced in nearby Priory Hall, Donaghmede.[6]

St. Doulagh's Church

Approximately 1 km (0.62 mi) north of the hamlet of Balgriffin is St. Doulagh's Church.[7] At first a monastery, it is now a well known and much revered Church of Ireland church. It was built in the 5th century and renovated in the 12th century.[8]

At the time of its inception, the Welsh Saint Samson made pilgrimage to Dun Etair (Irish: Binn Éadair) - Howth - and is said to have founded the monastery that is now St. Doulagh's Church.[9][10] The church was originally under the patronage of St. Samson, and as Balgriffin was in the past referred to as Ballygriffin and Griffinstown, the place name indicates that it was indeed settled by a Welsh person.[11]

Natural Features

The two main branches of the Mayne River (sometimes "Moyne"), the Turnapin Stream and the Cuckoo Stream, run through the district, picking up smaller streams. The Turnapin runs in the southern part of the area, coming from the old Belcamp Estate running north of the main Belmayne development, while the Cuckoo comes east near Limekiln Lane and forms the northern boundary of the Fingal Burial Ground. The Turnapin and the Cuckoo merge in eastern Balgriffin and the Mayne then flows out to Baldoyle Bay (Balgriffin Road becomes Moyne Road as it approaches the coast).

Religion

St. Doulagh's Church, Balgriffin serves Anglican parishioners since the Reformation in Ireland.[12]

Holy Trinity Church serves Roman Catholic parishioners of Donaghmede Parish since its inception in 1974;[13] the parish is today known as Holy Trinity Parish and serves Donaghmede including Clongriffin, and Balgriffin. Additionally, with the growth of population as the Belmayne housing development was populated, Balgriffin Mass Centre was opened, operating from the information centre on Belmayne Avenue.

See also

  • Civil parishes in Ireland

References

Sources

  • Bond, A. and Mabin, N., Article drawn from "Saints of the British Isles"
  • Jones, Kathleen, Saint Samson of Caldey Isl, Wales & Dol Isl, Brittany (Catholic Ireland Net)
  • Hudleston, G. Roger, Saint Samson (Catholic Encyclopedia)

Coordinates: 53°24′N 6°10′W / 53.400°N 6.167°W / 53.400; -6.167

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.