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Barbastro

Barbastro
Municipality
Coat of arms of Barbastro
Coat of arms
Barbastro is located in Spain
Barbastro
Barbastro
Location in Spain
Coordinates:
Country Spain
Autonomous community Aragon
Province Huesca
Comarca Somontano de Barbastro
Judicial district Barbastro
Government
 • Mayor Antonio José Cosculluela Bergua (PSOE)
Area
 • Total 107.60 km2 (41.54 sq mi)
Elevation 341 m (1,119 ft)
Population (2009)
 • Total 16,924
 • Density 160/km2 (410/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Barbastrinenses
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 22300
Website Official website

Barbastro (Latin: Barbastrum or Civitas Barbastrensis, Aragonese: Balbastro) is a city in the Somontano county, province of Huesca, Spain. The city (also known originally as Barbastra or Bergiduna) is at the junction of the rivers Cinca and Vero.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Notable residents 2
  • Twin towns 3
  • See also 4
  • Sources 5
  • External links 6

History

An ancient Celtiberian city called Bergidum or Bergiduna, in Roman times Barbastro (now called Brutina) was included in the Hispania Citerior region, and later of Hispania Tarraconensis.

After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, it was part of the Visigoth kingdom. Barbastro and the Barbitaniya area were overtaken by Musa bin Nusair in 717, as part of the Ummayad push to conquer northern states of the Marca Hispanica and the name Madyar was given to the town.

It was later settled by the Banu Jalaf who made it the capital of the Emirate of Barbineta and Huesca until 862, and was known as the Emirate of Brabstra until 882.

In 1064, Sancho Ramírez, King of Aragón, and his Frankish Christian forces, led by William VIII of Aquitaine and Le Bon Normand, invaded the city, which at the time was part of the emir of Zaragoza. This attack, which caused over 50,000 victims, was known as the Siege of Barbastro. The following year, however, it was reconquered by the Moors. In 1101 it was conquered by Peter I of Aragon, who made it a bishopric seat. Barbastro since then followed the history of Aragon and Spain.

During the Spanish Civil War 51 Claretians were executed in Barbastro by militiamen of the Popular Front. Numerous socialist, republican and communist activists were jailed and executed in the following years by the Fascist regime of Francisco Franco.

Barbastro's economy flourished until the 20th century, when a period of decline began, ending only in the 1960s due to the growth of agricultural production.

Notable residents

  • Bartolomé and Lupercio de Argensola, brothers, historians and poets who were part of the Spanish siglo de oro, a period of flourishing in arts and literature in Spain.
  • Antonio Ricardos Carrillo de Albornoz, was a famous general of the Spanish army, who lived in the 18th century.
  • St. Jose María Escriva, commonly known as Escrivá de Balaguer, and founder of Opus Dei, an institution of the Roman Catholic Church.

Twin towns

See also

Sources

  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain
  • The Historic Atlas of Iberia

External links

  • History of Entremuro (in Spanish) Places, people and events about city's old quarter
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