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Bassir

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Bassir

Bassir
بصير
Bassir
Location in Syria

Coordinates: 33°03′39.28″N 36°14′00.43″E / 33.0609111°N 36.2334528°E / 33.0609111; 36.2334528

Country  Syria
Governorate Daraa Governorate
District Al-Sanamayn District
Nahiyah Al-Sanamayn
Elevation 630 m (2,070 ft)
Population (2004 census)
 • Total 1,442
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Bassir(Arabic: بصير, Syriac: ܒܨܝܪ ): is a village in Hauran, located 630 (0.4 miles) meters above sea level and 51 kilometers (32 mi) southern of Damascus in Syria.Bassir is bordered from the East by Lejah, from the South by Khabab, from the West by Al-Sanamayn and from the North by Jebab and it is situated in the middle of three main cities in Syria Damascus, Daraa and Sweida.


Origin of name

The word Bassir comes from the word "Pethera" that means in Greek "high" or "Elevated" being situated in a relatively high location.

History

Bassir was built as a military base for Roman forces in order to aid the military regiments scattered in the adjacent region. This region is a rocky area, consisting of volcano and lava stones and is known as "Lajah".Bassir was also a pit stop for caravans traveling between Babylon and Palestine.

In 1596 Bassir appeared in the Ottoman tax registers as Busayr al-Kubra and was part of the nahiya of Bani Kilab in the Qada of Hauran. It had an entirely Muslim population consisting of 4 households and 3 bachelors. Taxes were paid on wheat, barley, summer crops, goats and beehives.[1]

Population

People from this area are known to be part of the Ghassanid Christians tribes that immigrated in the early 3rd century from Yemen to Hauran in southern Syria and established the kingdom of the Ghassanids.

The population is about 3000, but unlike other neighboring villages, Bassir has a very low birth rate and significantly declined through the years. Many people originally from Bassir live in Damascus but yet own homes in the village. As in many other areas of Syria during the time of Ottoman Empire and due to the lack of resources, a notable number of civilians were immigrated to South America including Brazil and Argentina. Other people also were immigrated to adjacent countries i.e. Lebanon and currently live in Bekaa Valley and Alcoura region near Tripoli.

Education

Bassir is a well known of highlight educated people and it was once called "home of light", because of the high number of educated people that spread the knowledge and education to other surrounding towns throughout the years. During the last 50 years, some people immigrated to many countries such France and United States mostly to pursue higher education. Many famous scientists and scholars were born in this small town including physicians, engineers and politicians.

Language

The language is Arabic. most people knows French or English.

Religion

Bassir inhabitants are all Christians and follow the Melkite Greek Catholic Church(Byzantines). It is similar to what is seen in their neighboring sister villages: Khabab, Izraa, Toubneh, Shaqra that all their current citizens originally immigrated from Salkhad.

There used to be two ancient bizantic churches in Bassir: One of them, was built after the conversion to Christianity and entirely demolished. The other church is still buried under the church that is built during the late 19th and early 20th century and is newly renovated. The latter church believed to be first used by the new settler of Bassir.

Architecture

The Houses in Bassir are made of volcanic and Lava stones that are currently used to build the new houses of the village.

References

Bibliography

External links

  • Bassir Website
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