World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Battle of Klingenthal

The Battle of Klingenthal was a battle fought between Swedish troops and forces of the Holy Roman Empire on November 11, 1642, during the Thirty Years' War. The purpose was to cement Swedish control of all parts of Saxony following the decisive Battle of Breitenfeld (1642).

Contents

  • Background 1
  • The Battle 2
  • Aftermath 3
  • Notes 4

Background

The Second Battle of Breitenfeld was a decisive defeat of Catholic forces in Saxony, most of whom were loyal to the Klingenthal in extreme southwestern Saxony, where they assembled positions on the low mountains of the Bohemia-Saxony border region.

The Battle

Around 1500 infantry, armed mostly with the arquebus, with a variety of older weapons like pikes, swords, and longbows and several cannon that had been spirited out of Breitenfeld, stood on the elevated terrain in and around Klingenthal. Around half of them hid themselves in the fir forests on and around Aschberg, a mountain outside Klingenthal which offered a substantial elevation advantage as well as thick forest cover; the other half had occupied woods near the town and the town itself. A pitched mop-up campaign had to be fought by infantry and cavalry forces, totaling around 2400 men under Count Magnar Svendssen, a subordinate of Lennart Torstensson, culminating in the Battle of Klingtenthal. Svendssen's forces initially faced light resistance as they occupied the town of Klingenthal in the morning of November 11, but a pitched battle raged as they stormed Aschberg around noon. The mountain was encircled and the order was given to storm the mountain by brute force. The campaign managed to seize the mountain before sunset against heavy losses of around 500 men on the Swedish side. The Holy Roman infantry suffered a near-total loss of life by the time the battle ended around sunset; around 100 survivors were captured, of whom 60 were summarily executed over the next three days.[2] An unknown number of infantry stationed elsewhere in the woods around the town managed to escape into Bohemia.

Aftermath

This battle completed the Swedish conquest of Saxony in 1642. The Swedes continued to dominate the region through the rest of the Thirty Years' War, leading to victory in Bohemia at Prague in 1648 and a favorable position in the Peace of Westphalia, beginning the golden age of the Swedish Empire.

Notes

  1. ^ Grant, Reg G. 1001 Battles That Changed the Course of World History Random House LLC, 2011. p. 336.
  2. ^ Emmeritch, John et al. The Cambridge Modern History, Volume 4. pp. 385-87. The Macmillan Company, 1906.

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.