Focus Weaponry
Hardness Non-competitive
Country of origin Japan Japan
Creator -
Parenthood Kenjutsu
Olympic sport No

Battōjutsu (抜刀術 battō-jutsu?, art of sword drawing) is a Japanese term meaning for combative, quick-draw sword art, a form of iaijutsu.[1] Battōjutsu is often used interchangeably with the terms iaijutsu and battō.[2]

Generally, battōjutsu is practiced as a part of a classical ryu and is closely integrated with the practice of the tradition of kenjutsu and is practice with the live-blade, katana, often as simply the sole, kata.[2] The training is for combative effectiveness,[3] through factors as distancing, timing and targeting. The battōjutsu is not for fun, they are not "spiritual" as in the modern budo like iaido.[4]

List of schools

KORYU BUJUTSU: Classical schools, developed before the Meiji restoration, 1868:

  • Hachimanryu. Originating from the mariners who roamed the East China Sea around Kyushu from the 13th century, the family tradition called Hachiman-ryu battojutsu was handed down from father to son.

The 14th successor of Hachimanryu is soke Hamamoto Hisao, who was born in 1936 in Kumamoto prefecture, Kyoshu Island in Japan. Kenjutsu borning in Kyushu area was the strongest Kenjutsu against former Tokugawa forces at the last domestic war (Boshin war) in 1868-1869. When he was only 6 years old his grandfather, Hamamoto Kyogoro, started to teach him the warrior traditions of Hamamoto family, from father to son, since 800 years. When his grandfather died, his father Hamamoto Goichi, continues to learn him Hachimanryu iaido and battojutsu. Later he worked at the Japanese Navy and when he 1979 returned from the Navy as the stab master, he moved to Okinawa there he stil teach and train every day. At the Kannon temple In Okinawa he found a Buddhist monk called Motoyama Shodo who was a master of Mugairyu iaido from 15th century and he now at the age of 42 also started to learn Mugairyu.

There are totally 93 kata in Hamamoto senseis iaido and battojutsu ryuha, both multiple person fighting techniques Kumitachi with wooden sword (bokken) like Kempo no kata and Iaijutsu no kata from Mugairyu, as well as kata with wakizashi, tanto and katana of course. Tameshigiri, straw target cutting techniques, are also an important part of Hamamoto senseis battojutsu.

Hachimanryu represents outside of Japan by Kaiden Leif Hermansson, Kaizenkai, Åkersberga (north of Stockholm), Sweden.

  • Mugairyu: Founded 23 June 1680 by Tsuji Gettan Sukemochi (1648–1728) or Heinai (1650-1728) at 1695.

GENDAI BUDO: Modern schools developed after the beginning of the Meiji era (efter 1868).

  • Toyama-ryū Founded in 1925 by the founder Nakamura Taisaburo,[5]
  • Nakamura-ryū Founded by Nakamura Taizaburō in the mid-20th century, who had taught Toyama-ryū.[6]


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