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Belarus Space Agency

Belarus Space Agency
Белорусское космическое агентство
Acronym BSA
Established 2009

Belarus Space Agency (BSA), is a governmental body that coordinates all Belarus space research programs with scientific and commercial goals. It was established in 2009.[1] It is closely associated with the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, which was responsible for Belarusian space travel until the foundation of the Belarus Space Agency.

History of Belarusian Space Travel

The only two Belarusians in space were Pyotr Klimuk and Vladimir Kovalyonok. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union they worked in Russia.

Belarus together with Russia, Ukraine and Kazakhstan are making joint efforts to adapt their existing geoinformation systems to particular applications. However, no formal agreements on cooperation in the development of common Geographic information system are in place.[2]

Belarus commenced the construction of a mission control station (MCC) as part of its longterm space programme aimed at expanding cooperation with Roskosmos. This MCC will enable the country to make fuller use of a prospective group of Russian-Belarusian ERS satellites.[3] Belarus, in partnership with Roskosmos, is developing a new high-resolution ERS satellite, the so-called “flying telescope”, which will be placed into orbit in 2015.[4]

Having ample infrastructure and qualified personnel at its disposal, Russia remains the main provider of ERS services to other CIS countries like Belarus.[5] A Belarusian ERS satellite is being designed in partnership with Russian companies. It will be launched by Kosmotrans from Baikonur using Dnepr-1 boosters.[6]

Negotiations were held between the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus and Roskosmos over Belarus joining GLONASS.

In Belarus, space activities were the domain of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus. The main space activities of the academy were:

  • development of ERS spacecraft and advanced space technology and equipment;
  • development of ground infrastructure for receiving, processing and distributing satellite data and spacecraft control;
  • development and introduction of space information technology;
  • development of a satellite communications system;
  • development of a single geodetic, navigation and time system based on the national ERS system;
  • space industry personnel training.[7]

Space Programme

"The new structure will deal with all matters pertaining to the study and use of outer space, including a new Belarusian satellite, due to be launched next year," said Mikhail Myasnikovich, president of National Academy of Sciences of Belarus.[8]

Additionally Belarus plans to set up own Flight Control Center in the building of the United Institute of Informatics Problems in Minsk. Flight Control Center (CUP) will receive the information from the command-measuring post now constructed in Logoisk district.[9]

In August 2012 Belarus invited China to expand the collaboration in space industry. President of the Republic of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko offered closer cooperation in the space industry to China, as he met with President of the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC) Ma Xingrui on 6. August 2012. The President of the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation Ma Xingrui also pointed to the high level of cooperation in the space industry between Belarus and China and praised the quality of Belarusian space equipment.[10]

Belarus prepares currently on the national space program for 2013-2017.[11] December 16, 2011, during a seminar of government officials, President Alexander Lukashenko instructed the Belarusian scientists to construct the world's best spacecraft.[12]

In August 2012 Belarus started its first remote Earth sensing system.[13] The first space images pictured parts of Mozambique and Bahrain.[14]

In October 2012 Russia and Belarus declared to start a space satellite group.[15] Additionally both states want to open a center for space services in Minsk. The Director of the Space Strategy and Program Department of Roscosmos Yuri Makarov noted that Belarus and Russia might develop a joint small spacecraft for scientific and educational purposes to be used at universities of the two countries.[16]

In August 2014 Piotr Vityaz, who is the Chief of Staff of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus and leads the Belarus Space Agency, announced that Belarus is seeking a closer cooperation in space projects with Russia's Roscosmos Space Agency.[17]


  1. ^ ,, 16.12.2009.Belarus starts setting up national space agency
  2. ^ , Almaty 2010, p. 9.Space Industry in CIS Countries: Prospects of Cooperation
  3. ^ , Almaty 2010, p. 16.Space Industry in CIS Countries: Prospects of Cooperation
  4. ^ , Almaty 2010, p. 17.Space Industry in CIS Countries: Prospects of Cooperation
  5. ^ , Almaty 2010, p. 22.Space Industry in CIS Countries: Prospects of Cooperation
  6. ^ , Almaty 2010, p. 27.Space Industry in CIS Countries: Prospects of Cooperation
  7. ^ , Almaty 2010, p. 39.Space Industry in CIS Countries: Prospects of Cooperation
  8. ^ ,, 21.09.2009.Belarus to create national space agency
  9. ^ ,, (Date unknown).Belarus to set up national Space Agency
  10. ^ ,, 06.08.2012.Belarus invites China to expand collaboration in space industry
  11. ^ ,, 12.04.2012.Belarus working on national space program for 2013-2017
  12. ^ ,, 12.04.2012.Belarus Making New Plans about Space Exploration
  13. ^ ,, 30.08.2012.Belarus launches remote Earth sensing system
  14. ^ ,, 30.08.2012.Belarusian satellite takes pictures of Bahrain, Mozambique
  15. ^ ,, 09.10.2012.Belarus, Russia to make space satellite group
  16. ^ ,, 20.11.2012.Russia-Belarus center for space services might open in Minsk
  17. ^ ,, 27.08.2014.Belarus-Russia tighter cooperation in space projects encouraged
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