World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Bharat Operating System Solutions

Article Id: WHEBN0020015881
Reproduction Date:

Title: Bharat Operating System Solutions  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Debian, HandyLinux, Urdu computing, Linux distributions, Operating system distributions bootable from read-only media
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Bharat Operating System Solutions

Bharat Operating System Solutions
Boss Linux 5.0 Desktop Environment
Developer NRCFOSS / CDAC, India
OS family Unix-like
Working state Current
Source model Open source
Initial release January 10, 2007 (2007-01-10)
Latest release 5.0 / August 2013
Marketing target General purpose
Available in Multilingual (more than 18)
Package manager dpkg
Platforms x86[1]
Kernel type Monolithic (Linux)
Userland GNU
Default user interface GNOME and KDE
License Free software licenses
(mainly GPL)
Official website

Bharat Operating System Solutions (BOSS) is a free and open source Linux distribution developed by the National Resource Centre for Free/Open Source Software (NRCFOSS) of India. BOSS GNU/Linux is also known by the acronym BOSS. The latest version is 5.0 .[2][3]

This software package has been described as "India's own PC operating system" and "the most meaningful product to come out of the Indian software industry in decades — and a work that a government department had done".[4]

The software has also been endorsed by the Government of India for adoption and implementation on a national scale. It was developed at Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (CDAC), Chennai INDIA. BOSS GNU/Linux is an "LSB certified" Linux distribution: the software has been certified by the Linux Foundation for compliance with the Linux Standard Base standard.[5] BOSS GNU/Linux is derived from Debian GNU/Linux.


BOSS GNU/Linux has had five major releases till February 2011

Version Code name Kernel number Desktop Date of release
BOSS GNU/LinuxEvaluation Sethu 2.6.14-2-smp GNOME 2.8
BOSS GNU/Linux v1.0 Tarang 2.6.17-1-i386 GNOME 2.14 2007-01-10[6]
BOSS GNU/Linux v2.0 Anant 2.6.21-1-486 GNOME 2.18 2007-09-17[7]
BOSS GNU/Linux Server 2.6.21 2008-01
BOSS GNU/Linux v3.0 Tejas 2.6.22-3-486 GNOME 2.20 and KDE 3.5 2008-09-04[8]
BOSS GNU/Linux v4.0 Savir 2.6.32-5-686 GNOME 2.30.2 and KDE 4.4.5 2012-08-02[9]
BOSS GNU/Linux v5.0 Anokha 3.10 GNOME 3.4.2, KDE 4.8.4 and Xfce 4.8 2013-12-23[10]

BOSS (Bharat Operating System Solutions) GNU/Linux distribution developed by C-DAC (Centre for Development of Advanced Computing) derived from Debian for enhancing the use of Free/ Open source software throughout India. BOSSGNU/Linux - a key deliverable of NRCFOSS has upgraded from entry-level server to advanced server. It supports Intel and AMD x86/x86-64 architecture. BOSS GNU/Linux advanced server has unique features such as web server, proxy server, database server, mail server, network server, file and print server, SMS server, LDAP server. BOSS GNU/Linux advanced server comprises administration tools such as webmin which is a web-based interface, Gadmin, PHP myadmin, PHP LDAP admin, PG admin. The accessibility of BOSS Linux will have a constructive impact on the digital divide in India as more people can now have access to software in their local language to use the Internet and other information and communications technology (ICT) facilities. Community Information centers (CICs) and internet cafes will also benefit from BOSS GNU/Linux as this software can be utilized to power these outlets and is affordable and easy to install, use and support.

BOSS 4.0 is coupled with GNOME and KDE Desktop Environment with wide Indian language support and packages, relevant for use in the government domain. Currently BOSS GNU/Linux Desktop is available in almost all the Indian Languages such as Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Tamil, Telugu, Bodo, Urdu, Kashmiri, Maithili, Konkani, Manipuri which will enable the mainly non-English literate users in the country to be exposed to ICT and to use the computer more effectively.

BOSS 5.0 codenamed anokha, comes with many new applications mainly focused on enhanced Security and User friendliness.The distribution includes over 12800 new packages, for a total of over 37493 packages. Most of the software in the distribution has been updated: over 20160 software packages (this is 70% of all packages in savir). BOSS 5.0 supports Linux Standard Base (LSB) version 4.1 The new version features XBMC Media center to allow the user to easily browse and view videos, photos, podcasts, and music from a harddrive, optical disc, local network, and the internet.[11]

Available Indian languages

BOSS GNU/Linux is available in the following languages of India:

Assamese Bengali Bodo Gujarati Hindi Kannada Kashmiri Konkani Maithili Malayalam Manipuri Marathi Oriya Punjabi Tamil Telugu Urdu Arabic Persian

The languages that are not available are Nepali, Sindhi, Dogrisanskrit


  1. ^ "Quick Guide For Using BOSS" (Retrieved on 1 November 2008)
  2. ^ "C-DAC launches BOSS Version 5.0"
  3. ^ "C-DAC launches BOSS version in Indian languages", The Hindu dated 26 February 2011 for 4.0 (Retrieved on 26 February 2011)
  4. ^ "At last, a desi PC software system", Anand Parthasarathy, The Hindu dated 26 October 2008 (Retrieved on 31 October 2008)
  5. ^ The Product Directory of The Linux Foundation, LSB Certification Management System. Retrieved on 31 October 2008)
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^

External links

  • Official website
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.