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Blaise Diagne

Blaise Diagne in 1921.

Blaise Diagne (13 October 1872 – 11 May 1934) was a French political leader and mayor of Dakar. He was the first black African elected to the French Chamber of Deputies, and the first to hold a position in the French government.


  • Background 1
  • Political career 2
  • Legacy 3
  • References and sources 4


Born from a Serer father, Niokhor Diagne and a Manjack mother originating in Guinea-Bissau, Gnagna Anthony Preira, Galaye Mbaye Diagne was born in Gorée, Senegal, he was later adopted by a Christian family who baptised him Blaise. He studied in France before joining the French customs service in 1892. He served in Dahomey (modern day Benin), French Congo (now Republic of the Congo), Réunion, Madagascar, and French Guiana. In September 1899, while in Réunion, Diagne became a freemason, joining a lodge affiliated with the Grand Orient de France.

Political career

Diagne was elected to the Four Communes in Senegal: Dakar, Gorée, Saint-Louis, and Rufisque. This measure constituted a considerable element of the French colonial policy of a "civilizing mission" (mission civilisatrice). He was a leading recruiter for the French army during World War I, when thousands of black West Africans fought on the Western Front for France.

After the war, Diagne embarked on an administrative career in addition to his responsibilities as a parliamentary deputy. From October 1918 to January 1920 he served as Commissioner General of the cabinet position. From 1920 to 1934 he served as mayor of Dakar.

He died in Cambo-les-Bains in 1934.


He was a pioneer of black African electoral politics and an advocate of equal rights for all, regardless of race. He encouraged African accommodation of French rule and the adoption of French cultural and social norms. Though he was ahead of his time in 1914, by the later years of his life, African colonial politics had passed him by. He continued to advocate an African role in France while most Western-educated African elites embraced African nationalism and worked for eventual independence from the colonial powers.

It is alleged that he was not buried in the Muslim cemetery of Soumbedioune in Dakar because of his freemasonry. However, a large boulevard (Avenue Blaise Diagne) and a high school (Lycée Blaise Diagne) in Dakar were named in his honor, as well as Senegal's new international airport, Blaise Diagne Airport in Ndiass, 52 kilometers outside of Dakar.

His son Raoul was the first black to play professional soccer in France and had great success playing for Racing Club de France in the late 1930s, winning the French title in 1936 and the French cup in 1936, 1939, and 1940.

His grandson and like-named, born in Paris in 1954 by his son Adolphe (1907-1985, a French medical officer), became mayor of the French Lourmarin village (1,002 inhabitants in 2010) in the Provence's Lubéron mountains in 2001 and was reelected in 2008. According to him the memory of his grandfather was scarcely mentioned within the family ("Mais mes parents ont toujours été très discrets sur cette histoire familiale"). His mother and grandmother were both French "White" women. When interviewed in 2005, Blaise Diagne Jr. told the journalist he had not travelled to Senegal since 1960 and thought he "has nothing to bring there".[1]

References and sources

  1. ^ Corinne Deriot, "Entretien avec Blaise Diagne, maire de Lourmarin", Africultures, 5 December 2005
  • Echenberg, J. Myron (2002). Black Death, White Medicine: Bubonic plague and the Politics of Public Health in Colonial Senegal. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.  
  • Johnson, G. Wesley (1971). The Emergence of Black Politics in Senegal: The Struggle for Power in the Four Communes, 1900–1920. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.  
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