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Bolivia–Denmark relations

 

Bolivia–Denmark relations

Bolivia-Denmark relations
Map indicating locations of Bolivia and Denmark

Bolivia

Denmark

Bolivia–Denmark relations refers to the current and historical relations between Bolivia and Denmark. Bolivia has an embassy in Copenhagen,[1] and Denmark has an embassy in La Paz.[2]

Contents

  • Country comparison 1
  • History 2
  • Trade 3
  • Further reading 4
  • References 5

Country comparison

Bolivia Denmark
Population 10,027,254 (2012)[3] 5,627,235 (2014)[4]
Area 1,098,581 km2 (2012)[5] 42,916 km2 (2014)[4]
Density 9.13/km2 (2012) 131.12/km2 (2014)
Capital(s) La Paz, Sucre Copenhagen
Largest city Santa Cruz de la Sierra (1.719 million, 2011)[6] Copenhagen (1.246 million; 2014)[4]
Government Social unitary state[7] Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Official languages Spanish and 36 indigenous languages Danish
Main religion Roman Catholic (79.3%) (1992)[8] Protestantism (78.4%)[9]
Ethnic groups[10] Quecha (30%), mestizo (30%), Aymara (25%), white (15%) Scandinavian, Inuit, Faroese, German, Turkish, Iranian, Somali
GDP $55.7 billion (2013)[11] $80.5 billion (2013)[4]
Expatriate populations <1,000 (2013)[12] 454 (2014)[13]
Military expenditures[14] $445 million (2013) $4.42 billion (2013)

History

Diplomatic relations were established on 28 February 1930.[15] On 9 November 1931, a commercial treaty was signed, to further develop commercial relations between Bolivia and Denmark.[16][17] In 1974, an agreement on a Danish loan to Bolivia was signed.[18] In 1977, another agreement on a loan to Bolivia was signed.[19] In August 2000, Bolivia and Denmark signed a Mining–Environment accord, an agreement to reduce the environmental and social effects in some Bolivian towns. Denmark is assisting Bolivia with $1,54 million for the agreement.[20]

In 2006, when the Bolivian President Evo Morales ordered the Bolivian gas resources to be nationalized, the Danish Development Minister Ulla Tørnæs threatened to stop the assistance, because it is not compatible with the Danish development assistance.[21] In December 2009, Bolivian President Evo Morales visited Denmark for the 2009 United Nations Climate Change Conference.[22] After the conference, Bolivia accused the United States and Denmark for cutting the aid to Bolivia because of their opposition to the Copenhagen Accord.[23] In 2009, when Morales tried to lift a ban on coca in the United Nations treaty Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, Denmark with some other countries opposed the idea.[24]

Bolivia was chosen as a programme country for Denmark in 1994, because Bolivia were the poorest country in South America. Denmark started assisting Bolivia with diaries. Because of the political situation in Bolivia, Denmark suspended the assistance in 1980. In 1993 the cooperation resumed.[25] Danish development assistance to Bolivia focuses on democracy, human rights, agriculture, education and environment.[25] In 2005, DANIDA cut the aid from 200 million to 150 million because of the social problems in Bolivia.[26] In 2010, after 13 years of cooperation, the assistance for indigenous people ended.[27]

Trade

In 2008, Danish exports to Bolivia amounted 51 million DKK, and Bolivian exports amonted 6 million DKK.[28]

Further reading

  • "Bolivia — Denmark Partnership".  
  • "Bolivia — Landestrategi for Bolivia" (in Danish).  

References

  1. ^ Government of Denmark. "Bolivian embassy in Copenhagen".  
  2. ^ Government of Denmark. "Danish embassy in La Paz, Bolivia".  
  3. ^ "Bolivia: Características de Población y Vivienda: Censo National de Población y Vivienda 2012" (in Spanish). Bolivian National Institute of Statistics. p. 4. Retrieved 21 September 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Fact and Statistics". Official Website of Denmark. Retrieved 23 September 2014. 
  5. ^ "Bolivia: Características de Población y Vivienda: Censo National de Población y Vivienda 2012" (in Spanish). Bolivian National Institute of Statistics. p. 5. Retrieved 21 September 2014. 
  6. ^ "Bolivia".  
  7. ^ http://www.harmonywithnatureun.org/content/documents/159Bolivia%20Consitucion.pdf p.11
  8. ^ http://www.ine.gob.bo/censo/censo1992.aspx
  9. ^ http://www.km.dk/kirke/kirkestatistik/folkekirkens-medlemstal/
  10. ^ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2075.html
  11. ^ http://www.ine.gob.bo/pdf/boletin/NP_2014_54.pdf p. 3
  12. ^ "Origins and Destinations of the World’s Migrants, from 1990–2013".  
  13. ^ "Hvad er Danmarks Statistikbank" (in Danish). Danmarks Statistik. Retrieved 23 September 2014. To verify data, first click "Befolkning og valg", followed by "Befolkning og befolkningsfremskrivning", followed by "Folketal", followed by "Folketal 1. januar efter køn, alder og fødeland (1990-2014)". Select "Bolivia' in the "fødeland (239)" table, "2014" in the "år" table, and click "Vis tabel". 
  14. ^ http://www.sipri.org/research/armaments/milex/milex_database
  15. ^ Manley Ottmer Hudson (1934). World Court reports: a collection of the judgments, orders and opinions of the Permanent Court of International Justice. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. 
  16. ^  
  17. ^ Sijthoff (1931). Publications of the Permanent Court of International Justice: Annual report 8.  
  18. ^ "Agreement on a Danish Government Loan to Bolivia".  
  19. ^ "Agreement on a Danish Government Loan to Bolivia".  
  20. ^ "Bolivia, Denmark to Sign Mining-Environ. Accord". Business News America. 23 August 2000. Retrieved 5 April 2011. 
  21. ^ "Truer med at stoppe bistand til Bolivia".  
  22. ^ "Bolivian President Evo Morales at COP15 Summit".  
  23. ^ Alister Doyle and Gerard Wynn (10 April 2010). "U.S., Denmark cut climate aid after summit: Bolivia".  
  24. ^ "U.S. anti-Morales proposal to legalize coca chewing". M24 Digital. 19 January 2011. Retrieved 5 April 2011. 
  25. ^ a b Government of Denmark. "Danish udviklingsssamarbejde med Bolivia" (in Danish). Retrieved 5 April 2011. 
  26. ^ "Danida skærer i bistanden til Bolivia". Ulandsnyt.dk. 24 April 2005. Retrieved 8 April 2011. 
  27. ^ Government of Denmark. "Oprindelige folk" (in Danish). Retrieved 5 April 2011. 
  28. ^ Government of Denmark. "Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Facts about Bolivia".  
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