C and h refinery historic district

C and H Refinery Historic District
Operations building at the refinery
C and H Refinery Historic District
Location 402 W. 8th St., Lusk, Wyoming
Coordinates

42°45′14″N 104°27′27.5″W / 42.75389°N 104.457639°W / 42.75389; -104.457639Coordinates: 42°45′14″N 104°27′27.5″W / 42.75389°N 104.457639°W / 42.75389; -104.457639

Built 1933
Architectural style Early Commercial, Bungalow/Craftsman
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference #

00001672

[1]
Added to NRHP January 16, 2001

The C & H Refinery Historic District comprises an intact industrial complex in Lusk, Wyoming that documents an early 20th-century refinery. The C & H Refinery is noted as the smallest functioning oil refinery in the world, and may be the only remaining thermal distillation refinery, all other refineries having modernized to the catalytic cracking method.[2]

The refinery processed oil produced at the Lance Creek Oil Field, which produced a paraffin-based high gravity "sweet" (low-sulfur) oil that could easily be processed through simple means. The Ohio Oil Company controlled the field and piped its product to markets in the U.S. Midwest. A part-time Ohio Oil employee, Roy Chamberlain, obtained permission to use oil from the Lance Creek pipeline and refine it. Using salvaged equipment from the defunct Pennsylvanian Belgo-American Refinery in Casper, Chamberlain and his partner James Hoblit built their refinery in 1933 in Lusk on a 1.5 acres (0.61 ha) site. Some of the equipment used by the C & H had been made as early as 1886.[2]

Chamberlain sold his interest to Hoblit in 1935 and used the proceeds to buy the Ranger Hotel in Lusk. He went on to be elected state senator and founded the Ranger Oil Company. Hoblitt and his family retained the refinery until 1974.[2]

The property was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2001.[1]

References

External links

  • Photographs of the C&H Refinery at the National Park Service's NRHP database
  • C&H Refinery Historic District at the Wyoming State Historic Preservation Office
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.