World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Cairngorms National Park

Cairngorms National Park
IUCN category V (protected landscape/seascape)
The Linn of Dee on the River Dee near Braemar. Linn is the Scots word for waterfall.
Located in central Scotland, at the northern end of the island of Britain
Map of Cairngorms National Park
Location Cairngorms, Scotland, Moray, Aberdeenshire, Highland, Angus, Perth and Kinross
Coordinates
Area 1,748 sq mi (4,528 km²)
Established 2003
Governing body National Park Authority

The Cairngorms National Park (Scottish Gaelic Pàirc Nàiseanta a' Mhonaidh Ruaidh) is a national park in north east Scotland, established in 2003. It was the second of two national parks established by the Scottish Parliament, after Loch Lomond and the Trossachs National Park, set up in 2002. The park covers the Cairngorms range of mountains, and surrounding hills. Already the largest national park in the British Isles, in 2010 it expanded into Highland and Perth and Kinross.[1]

Contents

  • The area 1
  • National park boundary 2
  • Settlements within the national park 3
    • Aberdeenshire 3.1
    • Angus 3.2
    • Highland 3.3
    • Moray 3.4
    • Perth and Kinross 3.5
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

The area

The Cairngorms National Park covers an area of 4,528 km2 (1,748 sq mi) in Aberdeenshire, Moray, Highland, Angus and Perth and Kinross Regions. The Cairngorm Mountains are a spectacular landscape, similar in appearance to the Hardangervidda National Park of Norway in having a large upland plateau. While the Hardengervidda National Park is recognised as a category 2 national park under the IUCN categories (no activity that has a lasting impact on the natural environment is permitted) the Cairngorm National Park is a category 5 protected landscape (sustainable development area) that has farmed and managed landscapes in which tourism is encouraged. Aviemore is a busy and popular holiday destination. The Highland Wildlife Park and Dalwhinnie distillery also lie within the National Park.

National park boundary

Before the National Park was established in 2003, Scottish Natural Heritage conducted a consultation exercise, considering the boundary and the powers and structure of the new park authority. One option presented for the area included Tomatin, Blair Atholl, Aboyne and Glen Shee, making the park twice as big as the Lake District National Park. The area finally chosen was smaller than expected, but still the largest in Britain. It involved the boundary areas of Carrbridge, Laggan, Dalwhinnie, Grantown-on-Spey and Ballater. Many groups and local communities felt that a large area of highland Perth and Kinross should form part of the park and carried out a sustained campaign.

On 13 March 2008 Michael Russell announced that the National Park would be extended to take in Blair Atholl and Spittal of Glenshee.[2] There was also controversy surrounding the construction of the funicular Cairngorm Mountain Railway on Cairn Gorm, a scheme supported by the new National Park Authority. Supporters of the scheme claimed that it would bring in valuable tourist income, whilst opponents argued that such a development was unsuitable for a protected area. To reduce erosion, the railway operates a "closed scheme" and only allows skiers (in season) out of the upper Ptarmigan station.

On 4 October 2010 the Park extended into Highland Perthshire and Glenshee.[3]

Settlements within the national park

The National Park Authority shares statutory planning functions with the five local authorities[4] within the national park boundary.[5]

Aberdeenshire

(All in the Marr committee area.)

Angus

Only the heads of the Angus Glens are within the park: they only contain one village.

Highland

(All in the Badenoch and Strathspey committee area, nearly the entire area of which is in the national park.)

Moray

Perth and Kinross

See also

References

  1. ^ BBC News, 4/10/10
  2. ^ "Cairngorms National Park".  
  3. ^ Cairngorms National Park news, retrieved 4/10/10
  4. ^ Planning
  5. ^ Map

External links

  • Cairngorms National Park website
  • Cairngorms Park Holiday Information Portal
  • Cairngorms National Park website for accommodation and activities
  • Map with boundaries before and after 4/10/10 extension
  • Cairngorms Climate How will climate change affect the park?
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.