World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Cargo airline

 

Cargo airline

Cargo airlines (or airfreight carriers, and derivatives of these names) are airlines dedicated to the transport of cargo by air. Some cargo airlines are divisions or subsidiaries of larger passenger airlines.

Contents

  • Logistics 1
  • Aircraft used 2
  • Top 10 cargo airlines 3
    • All-cargo 3.1
    • All-cargo subsidiary 3.2
  • See also 4
  • References 5

Logistics

Air transport is a component of many international logistics networks, managing and controlling the flow of goods, energy, information and other resources like products, services, and people, from the source of production to the marketplace. Logistics involves the geographical repositioning of raw materials, work in process, and finished inventories.[1]

Aircraft used

Larger cargo airlines tend to use new or recently built aircraft to carry their freight, but many use older aircraft, like the Boeing 707, Boeing 727, Douglas DC-8, DC-10, MD-11, Boeing 747, Airbus A300, and the Ilyushin Il-76. Examples of the 60-year-old Douglas DC-3 are still flying around the world carrying cargo (as well as passengers). Short range turboprop airliners such as the An-12, An-26, Fokker Friendship, and British Aerospace ATP are being modified to accept standard air freight pallets to extend their working lives. This normally involves the replacement of glazed windows with opaque panels, the strengthening of the cabin floor and insertion of a broad top-hinged door in one side of the fuselage.

The An-225, world's largest aircraft, also used by Antonov Airlines, a Ukrainian cargo airline.

Antonov An-225 Mriya and Antonov An-124 are the worlds' largest aircraft, used for transporting large shipments and oversized cargos.

Usage of large military airplanes for commercial purposes, pioneered by Ukraine's Antonov Airlines in the 1990s, has allowed new types of cargo in aerial transportation.

In the past, some cargo airlines would carry a few passengers from time to time on flights, and UPS Airlines once unsuccessfully tried a passenger charter airline division. However, cargo planes in the United States are forbidden from carrying non-employee passengers.[2]

Top 10 cargo airlines

By freight tonne-kilometres flown (millions):[3]

Rank Airline 2015
1 FedEx Express 16,127
2 UPS Airlines 10,584
3 Emirates SkyCargo 10,459
4 Cathay Pacific Cargo 8,241
5 Korean Air Cargo 7,666
6 Lufthansa Cargo 7,218
7 Singapore Airlines Cargo 6,240
8 Cargolux 5,225
9 Qatar Airways Cargo 4,972
10 China Airlines Cargo 4,813
European Air Transport (EAT) Airbus A300B4F. EAT is a subsidiary of DHL Aviation, one of the world's largest cargo airline companies.
UPS Worldport Air Hub at Louisville International Airport

All-cargo

Some of these companies have stopped operating or have been merged into other carriers.

All-cargo subsidiary

Freight divisions of passenger airlines operating their own or leased freighter aircraft, some shut down or merged with others.

Loading a Singapore Airlines Cargo Boeing 747 from the front

Freight divisions without fleet using passenger aircraft belly hold or having other cargo airlines fly on their behalf, some of these previously had freighters:

These carriers operate freighter aircraft but do not have a cargo division:

See also

References

  1. ^ Bartsch, Butsri (24 May 2013). "Air freight - it could not be faster!". BB Handel. Retrieved 29 May 2013. 
  2. ^ "Passengers And Crew On Cargo Aircraft" (PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. 21 January 2004. Retrieved 29 May 2013. 
  3. ^ http://www.iata.org/publications/Pages/wats-freight-km.aspx
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.