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Cheongju

 

Cheongju

Cheongju
청주시
Specific city
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul 청주시
 • Hanja 淸州市
 • Revised Romanization Cheongju-si
 • McCune-Reischauer Ch'ŏngju-si
A front view of Sangdangsanseong
A front view of Sangdangsanseong
Official logo of Cheongju
Emblem of Cheongju
Location in South Korea
Location in South Korea
Coordinates:
Country  South Korea
Region Hoseo
First mention 940
Founded 1949
Administrative divisions 4 gu 30 dong
Area
 • Total 940.3 km2 (363.1 sq mi)
Elevation 39 m (128 ft)
Population (2014)
 • Total 838,689
 • Density 890/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
 • Dialect Chungcheong
Postal code 360010 - 363967
Area code(s) (+82) 43-2xx
Website Official website

Cheongju (Korean pronunciation: ) is the capital and largest city of North Chungcheong Province in South Korea.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Climate 2.1
  • Administrative districts 3
  • Government and infrastructure 4
  • Cultural properties 5
  • Transport 6
  • Education 7
  • Festival 8
  • Twin towns – Sister cities 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11

History

Cheongju has been an important provincial town since ancient times.

During Hideyoshi's Invasions of Korea, Cheongju was the site of the Battle of Chongju, during which the Korean forces re-took the city from the Japanese forces in an important early victory.

The government of the province relocated here from Chungju in 1908.

The opening of the Chungbuk-line in 1926 sparked regional development. In 1946, Cheongju and Cheongwon-gun were separated, and in 1949, Cheongju was upgraded to Cheongju City. Afterwards, it went through the separation of administrative dong and their transfer to Cheongwon-gun, with 2 branch offices (East and West)established in July 1989 that were upgraded to Sangdang-gu and Heungdeok-gu in January.[1]

Geography

Geum River goes through right center of Cheongju city. Additionally, the tributaries of Musim and Miho flow together in northern part of city. To east and west, there are mountains of Wuam and Bumo. Musimcheon River goes through the middle of Cheongju city.

Climate

Climate data for Cheongju (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2.9
(37.2)
6.0
(42.8)
11.9
(53.4)
19.5
(67.1)
24.4
(75.9)
27.9
(82.2)
29.8
(85.6)
30.5
(86.9)
26.3
(79.3)
20.7
(69.3)
12.7
(54.9)
5.6
(42.1)
18.2
(64.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.4
(27.7)
0.3
(32.5)
5.7
(42.3)
12.6
(54.7)
18.1
(64.6)
22.5
(72.5)
25.4
(77.7)
25.8
(78.4)
20.7
(69.3)
14.0
(57.2)
6.7
(44.1)
0.3
(32.5)
12.5
(54.5)
Average low °C (°F) −6.9
(19.6)
−4.6
(23.7)
0.2
(32.4)
6.1
(43)
12.3
(54.1)
17.6
(63.7)
21.8
(71.2)
22.0
(71.6)
16.2
(61.2)
8.5
(47.3)
1.7
(35.1)
−4.3
(24.3)
7.6
(45.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 25.5
(1.004)
29.4
(1.157)
48.2
(1.898)
66.6
(2.622)
88.3
(3.476)
144.1
(5.673)
282.7
(11.13)
285.1
(11.224)
147.1
(5.791)
50.1
(1.972)
46.7
(1.839)
25.3
(0.996)
1,239.1
(48.783)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 8.0 7.0 8.8 7.9 8.5 9.6 15.9 14.1 9.1 6.5 8.6 9.1 113.1
Average relative humidity (%) 67.2 63.3 60.3 56.6 61.5 68.0 76.4 76.1 74.2 70.4 69.1 69.1 67.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 164.0 171.1 200.2 222.7 234.1 195.5 153.1 178.3 177.5 200.0 158.2 158.0 2,212.6
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration[2]

Cheongju is a temperate zone. So there has all seasons. But now, Cheongju is changing to subtropical regions so it is hot from April to September and cold from October to March. Eventually, spring and fall disappearing in Cheongju.

Administrative districts

From 1 July 2014, Cheongju and Cheongwon County unified, and administrative districts were changed to the following:

Osong-eup, Gangne-myeon, Oksan-myeon, Uncheon-dong, Sinbong-dong, Bokdae1-dong, Bokdae2-dong, Gakyeong-dong, Bongmyeong1-dong, Bongmyeong2-dong, Songjeong-dong, Gangseo1-dong, Gangseo2-dong, Ochang-eup

Nami-myeon, Hyeondo-myeon, Sajik1-dong, Sajik2-dong, Sachang-dong, Mochooung-dong, Sugok1-dong, Sugok2-dong, Sannam-dong, Bunpyeong-dong, Seonghwa-dong, Geasin-dong, Jookrim-dong

Nangseong-myeon, Miwon-myeon, Gaduk-myeon, Namil-myeon, Mooni-myeon, Joongang-dong, Seongan-dong, Top-dong, Deasung-dong, Yeongun-dong, Geumcheon-dong, Yongam-dong, Myeongam-dong, Sinsung-dong, Yongam1-dong, Yongam2-dong

Nesoo-eup, Buki-myeon, Wooam-dong, Neduk1-dong, Neduk2-dong, Yoolang-dong, Sacheon-dong, Ogeunjang-dong,[3] Ochang-eup

Government and infrastructure

The headquarters of the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety are located in the Osong Health Technology Administration Complex.

Cultural properties

  • Sangdangsanseong (Sangdang Mountain Fortress) lies on the slopes of Mt. Uam within the city limits. The fortress is mainly a 3-4 metre tall wall that stretches over 4.2 kilometers in circumference. The present walls date to the 1716 restoration of the site. Within the walls lies a small tourist village that has several restaurants.
  • Cheongju National Museum also lies near Mt. Uam, and houses several exhibits of cultural artifacts from the nearby area.
  • Heungdeok Temple Site is the home to the Early Printing Museum, and is to be the site of the printing of Jikji, the oldest existent book printed using movable metal type. The museum itself contains exhibits related to the art of printing through the ages.
  • Yongdusaji Cheoldanggan (The Iron Flagpole of the Yongdu Temple Site) is designated Korean National Treasure number 41, and is located near Lotte Department Store in downtown Cheongju. Made of twenty iron cylinders, the flagpole stands 13.1 meters tall, and was formerly used to hang flags to honour the Buddha

Transport

Cheongju International Airport provides scheduled flights within Korea and to China. The main train station is located at Ogeunjang approximately 8 km north of the city hall. This station is on the Chungbuk Line. Chengju Bus Terminal provides almost of bus line for bus terminal located in other city. ticketing time is between 4:00 am and 11:40 pm. Cheongju Express Bus Terminal provides some bus lines for Seoul(Gangnam, Sangbong, South Seoul, East Seoul, Busan, East Deagu, Gwangju).

Education

Cheongju is the site of several tertiary institutions, including:

Festival

Cheongju International Craft Biennale is held once in two years. It's often held in September or October.[4]

Osong Cosmetic and Beauty Expo is held for showing New trends of the cosmetics & beauty industry and enhancement of national competitiveness[5]

Twin towns – Sister cities

City Prefecture/Province/State Country Year Sources
Tottori Tottori Japan 1991 [6]
Wuhan Hubei China 2000 [6]
Bellingham  Washington United States 2008 [6][7][8]

References

  1. ^ * Welcome to CHEONGJU-SI Homepage *
  2. ^ "평년값자료(1981-2010) 청주(131)". Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2011-05-01. 
  3. ^ 청원청주통합 홍보페이지(Cheongwon-Cheongju Combination Public Relation Page
  4. ^ http://okcj.org/wp/|Cheongju International public website
  5. ^ public website of osong cosmetic and baeuty expo http://eng.osongbeautyexpo.kr/expoeng/main.do
  6. ^ a b c Sister Cities "Cheongju Sister Cities" . Cheongju City. Retrieved 20 January 2015. 
  7. ^ "Our Sister Cities". Bellingham Sister Cities Association. Retrieved 20 January 2015. 
  8. ^ "Interactive City Directory". Sister Cities International. Retrieved 20 January 2015. 

External links

  • City government home page

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