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Club of Madrid


Club of Madrid

Club of Madrid
Motto Democracy That Delivers
Formation 2001
Headquarters Madrid, Spain
Vice Presidents
Website .org.clubmadridwww

The Club de Madrid is an independent

  • Club de Madrid

External links

  • "Members of the Club of Madrid by region (March 2014)" (PDF). Club of Madrid. March 2014. Retrieved 6 August 2014. 
  1. ^ The count of former Prime Ministers includes the former Chancellor of West Germany and former Chancellor of Austria as well as the former Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina and former Taoiseach of Ireland.
  2. ^ Warsaw Voice Poland Recognizes Kosovo
  3. ^ "Diego Hidalgo". Club de Madrid. Retrieved 6 August 2014. 
  4. ^ "Anthony Jones". Club de Madrid. Retrieved 6 August 2014. 
  5. ^ "George Matthews". Club de Madrid. Retrieved 6 August 2014. 
  6. ^ "José Manuel Romero Moreno". Club de Madrid. Retrieved 6 August 2014. 


Name Died Nation Party Office(s) held
Alfonsin, RaulRaúl Alfonsín 20090331March 31, 2009(2009-03-31) (aged 82)  Argentina UCR ArgentinaUCR President of Argentina (1983–89)
Calvo-Sotelo, LeopoldoLeopoldo Calvo-Sotelo 20080503May 3, 2008(2008-05-03) (aged 82)  Spain UCD SpainUCD President of the Government of Spain (1981–82)
Gujral, Inder KumarInder Kumar Gujral 20121130November 30, 2012(2012-11-30) (aged 92)  India Janata Dal,Janata Dal Prime Minister of India (1997–98)
Havel, VaclevVáclav Havel 20111218December 18, 2011(2011-12-18) (aged 75)  Czech Republic
Civic Forum CzechoslovakiaOF (1989–93)
None (1993–2004)
President of Czechoslovakia (1989–92)
President of the Czech Republic (1993–2003)
Madl, FerencFerenc Mádl 20110529May 29, 2011(2011-05-29) (aged 80)  Hungary zzzzNone President of Hungary (2000–05)
Mazowiecki, TadeuszTadeusz Mazowiecki 20131028October 28, 2013(2013-10-28) (aged 86)  Poland
PR Poland
KOS PolandKO "S" (1980–91)
UD (1991–94)
Prime Minister of Poland (1989–91)
Meri, LennartLennart Meri 20060314March 14, 2006(2006-03-14) (aged 76)  Estonia
 Soviet Union
Isamaa EstoniaIsamaa (since 1992) President of Estonia (1992–2001)
Paniagua, ValentinValentín Paniagua 20061016October 16, 2006(2006-10-16) (aged 70)  Peru AC PeruAC President of Peru (2000–01)
Suarez, AdolfoAdolfo Suárez 20140313March 13, 2014(2014-03-13) (aged 81)  Spain
SpainEstado Español
MN SpainMN (until 1977)
UCD SpainUCD (1977–82)
President of the Government of Spain (1976–81)

List of former members (deceased)

Name Age Nation Party Office(s) held
Hidalgo, DiegoDiego Hidalgo 73  Spain zzzzz(unknown) Founder and President of, and donor to, Fundación para las Relaciones Internacionales y el Diálogo Exterior (FRIDE)
Founding Member and Senior Fellow of the Gorbachev Foundation of North America (GFNA)[3]
Jones, T. AnthonyT. Anthony Jones (unknown) (unknown) zzzzz(unknown) Vice-President and Executive Director of GFNA[4]
Matthews, GeorgeGeorge Matthews (unknown)  United States zzzzz(unknown) Chairman and co-founder of GFNA[5]
Romero Moreno, José ManuelJosé Manuel Romero Moreno (unknown)  Spain zzzzz(unknown) Vice President of FRIDE[6]

List of Members of the Constituent Foundations

Name Age Nation Party Office(s) held
Annan, KofiKofi Annan 78  Ghana zzzzNone Secretary-General of the United Nations (1997–2006)
Aung San Suu KyiAung San Suu Kyi 71  Myanmar NLD BurmaNLD Member of the Burmese House of Representatives (2012–present)
Carter, JimmyJimmy Carter 91  United States Democratic Party United StatesDemocratic President of the United States (1977–81)
Iglesias, Enrique V.Enrique V. Iglesias 86  Uruguay
zzzzz(unknown) President of the Inter-American Development Bank (1998–2005)
Secretary General of the Iberoamerican General Secretariat (2005–13)
Delors, JacquesJacques Delors 90  France Socialist FRASocialist President of the European Commission (1985–95)
Solana, JavierJavier Solana 73  Spain Socialist ESPSocialist Secretary General of NATO (1995–99) and High Representative of the EU for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (1999–2009)

List of Honorary Members

Office held (some members have held both):

Political affiliation of members:

Regional background of members:

Member statistics

Name Age Nation Party Office(s) held
Adamkus, ValdasValdas Adamkus 89  Lithuania zzzzNone President of Lithuania (1998–2003, 2004–2009)
Aho, EskoEsko Aho 62  Finland Centre Party FinlandCentre Prime Minister of Finland (1991–1995)
Ahtisaari, MarttiMartti Ahtisaari 78  Finland Social Democratic Party FinlandSocial Democratic President of Finland (1994–2000)
al-Eryani, Abdul-kareemAbdul-kareem al-Eryani 81  Yemen
 North Yemen
GPC,GPC Prime Minister of North Yemen (1980–1983)
Prime Minister of Yemen (1998–2001)
al-Mahdi, SadiqSadiq al-Mahdi 80  Sudan Umma National Party SudanUmma Prime Minister of Sudan (1966–1967, 1986–1989)
Arias, ÓscarÓscar Arias 75  Costa Rica PLN Costa RicaPLN President of Costa Rica (1986–1990, 2006–2010)
Jebali, HamadiHamadi Jebali 66  Tunisia Ennahdha,Ennahdha Head of Government of Tunisia (2011-2013)
Jomaa, MehdiMehdi Jomaa 54  Tunisia zzzzNone Head of Government of Tunisia (2014-2015)
Arzú, ÁlvaroÁlvaro Arzú 70  Guatemala PAN GuatemalaPAN President of Guatemala (1996–2000)
Aylwin, PatricioPatricio Aylwin 97  Chile Christian Democratic Party ChileChristian Democratic President of Chile (1990–1994)
Aznar, José MaríaJosé María Aznar 63  Spain PP MexicoPP President of the Government of Spain (1996–2004)
Bachelet, MichelleMichelle Bachelet 64  Chile Socialist Party ChileSocialist President of Chile (2006–2010, 2014–present)
Executive Director of UN Women (2010–2013)
Banda, RupiahRupiah Banda 79  Zambia MMD,MMD President of Zambia (2008–2011)
Betancur, BelisarioBelisario Betancur 93  Colombia Conservative Party ColombiaConservative President of Colombia (1982–1986)
Bildt, CarlCarl Bildt 66  Sweden Moderate Party SwedenModerate Prime Minister of Sweden (1991–1994)
High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina (1995–1997)
Birkavs, ValdisValdis Birkavs 73  Latvia LC,LC Prime Minister of Latvia (1993–1994)
Bondevik, Kjell MagneKjell Magne Bondevik 68  Norway Christian Democratic Party NorwayChristian Democratic Prime Minister of Norway (1997–2000, 2001–2005)
Brundtland, Gro HarlemGro Harlem Brundtland 77  Norway Labour Party NorwayLabour Prime Minister of Norway (1981, 1986–1989, 1990–1996)
Director-General of the World Health Organization (1998–2003)
Bruton, JohnJohn Bruton 69  Ireland Fine Gael,Fine Gael Taoiseach of Ireland (1994–1997)
EU Ambassador to the United States (2004–2009)
Buzek, JerzyJerzy Buzek 75  Poland Civic Platform,Civic Platform Prime Minister of Poland (1997–2001)
President of the European Parliament (2009–2012)
Calderón, FelipeFelipe Calderón 53  Mexico PAN MexicoPAN President of Mexico (2006–2012)
Calmy-Rey, MichelineMicheline Calmy-Rey 70   Switzerland Social Democratic Party SwitzerlandSocial Democratic Member of the Federal Council (2003–2011)
(President in 2011)
Campbell, KimKim Campbell 69  Canada Progressive Conservative Party CanadaProgressive Conservative Prime Minister of Canada (1993)
Cardoso, Fernando HenriqueFernando Henrique Cardoso 85  Brazil Social Democracy Party BrazilSocial Democracy President of Brazil (1995–2003)
Cavaco Silva, AníbalAníbal Cavaco Silva 76  Portugal Social Democratic Party PortugalSocial Democratic Prime Minister of Portugal (1985–1995)
President of Portugal (2006–present)
Chissano, JoaquimJoaquim Chissano 76  Mozambique FRELIMO,FRELIMO President of Mozambique (1986–2005)
Chrétien, JeanJean Chrétien 82  Canada Liberal Party CanadaLiberal Prime Minister of Canada (1993–2003)
Clinton, BillBill Clinton 69  United States Democratic Party United StatesDemocratic President of the United States (1993–2001)
Dimitrov, PhilipPhilip Dimitrov 61  Bulgaria SDS BulgariaSDS Prime Minister of Bulgaria (1991–1992)
Diogo, LuísaLuísa Diogo 58  Mozambique FRELIMO,FRELIMO Prime Minister of Mozambique (2004–2010)
Fernández, LeonelLeonel Fernández 62  Dominican Republic PLD Dominican RepublicPLD President of the Dominican Republic (1996–2000, 2004–2012)
Figueres, José MaríaJosé María Figueres 61  Costa Rica PLN Costa RicaPLN President of Costa Rica (1994–1998)
Finnbogadóttir, VigdísVigdís Finnbogadóttir 86  Iceland zzzzNone President of Iceland (1980–1996)
Fox, VicenteVicente Fox 73  Mexico PAN MexicoPAN President of Mexico (2000–2006)
Frei Ruiz-Tagle, EduardoEduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle 73  Chile Christian Democratic Party ChileChristian Democratic President of Chile (1994–2000)
Fukuda, YasuoYasuo Fukuda 79  Japan Liberal Democratic Party JapanLiberal Democratic Prime Minister of Japan (2007–2008)
Gaviria, CésarCésar Gaviria 69  Colombia Liberal Party ColombiaLiberal President of Colombia (1990–1994)
Secretary General of the Organization of American States (1994–2004)
Gemayel, Amine PierreAmine Pierre Gemayel 74  Lebanon KataebKata'eb President of Lebanon (1982–1988)
González, FelipeFelipe González 74  Spain Socialist Workers Party SpainSocialist Workers President of the Government of Spain (1982–1996)
Gorbachev, MikhailMikhail Gorbachev 85  Russia
 Soviet Union
Communist Soviet UnionCommunist (until 1991) General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1985–1991)
Chairman of the Supreme Soviet/President of the Soviet Union (1988–1991)
Gusenbauer, AlfredAlfred Gusenbauer 56  Austria Social Democratic Party AustriaSocial Democratic Chancellor of Austria (2007–2008)
Guterres, AntónioAntónio Guterres 67  Portugal Socialist Party PortugalSocialist Prime Minister of Portugal (1995–2002)
UN High Commissioner for Refugees (2005–present)
Habibie, Bacharuddin JusufBacharuddin Jusuf Habibie 79  Indonesia Golkar,Golkar President of Indonesia (1998–1999)
Halonen, TarjaTarja Halonen 72  Finland Social Democratic Party FinlandSocial Democratic President of Finland (2000–2012)
Han Seung-soo,Han Seung-soo 79  South Korea Saenuri,Saenuri Prime Minister of South Korea (2008–2009)
Hurtado, OsvaldoOsvaldo Hurtado 76  Ecuador Christian Democratic Union EcuadorChristian Democratic President of Ecuador (1981–1984)
Juppé, AlainAlain Juppé 70  France UMP,UMP Prime Minister of France (1995–1997)
Kohl, HelmutHelmut Kohl 86  Germany
 West Germany
Christian Democratic Union GermanyChristian Democratic Chancellor of West Germany (1982–1990)
Chancellor of Germany (1990–1998)
Kohler, HorstHorst Köhler 73  Germany Christian Democratic Union GermanyChristian Democratic President of Germany (2004–2010)
Kok, WimWim Kok 77  Netherlands Labour Party NetherlandsLabour Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1994–2002)
Konaré, Alpha OumarAlpha Oumar Konaré 70  Mali ADEMA-PASJ,ADEMA-PASJ President of Mali (1992–2002)
Chairman of the AU Commission (2003–2008)
Kucan, MilanMilan Kucan 75  Slovenia
Communist SloveniaCommunist (until 1990)
None (since 1990)
President of Slovenia (1991–2002)
Kufuor, JohnJohn Kufuor 77  Ghana NPP GhanaNPP President of Ghana (2001–2009)
Chairman of the AU (2007–2008)
Kumaratunga, ChandrikaChandrika Kumaratunga 70  Sri Lanka SLFP Sri LankaSLFP President of Sri Lanka (1994–2005)
Kwasniewski, AleksanderAleksander Kwasniewski 61  Poland zzzzNone (since 1995) President of Poland (1995–2005)
Lacalle, Luis AlbertoLuis Alberto Lacalle 74  Uruguay PN UruguayPN President of Uruguay (1990–1995)
Lagos, RicardoRicardo Lagos 78  Chile PPD ChilePPD President of Chile (2000–2006)
Lagumdžija, ZlatkoZlatko Lagumdžija 60  Bosnia and Herzegovina Social Democratic Party Bosnia and HerzegovinaSocial Democratic Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina (2001–2002)
Lee Hong-koo,Lee Hong-koo 60  South Korea NKP South KoreaNKP Prime Minister of South Korea (1994–1995)
Lubbers, RuudRuud Lubbers 77  Netherlands Christian Democratic Appeal NetherlandsChristian Democratic Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1982–1994)
UN High Commissioner for Refugees (2001–2005)
Mancham, JamesJames Mancham 76  Seychelles Democratic Party SeychelleseDemocratic President of Seychelles (1976–1977)
Mascarenhas Monteiro, AntónioAntónio Mascarenhas Monteiro 72  Cape Verde MPD Cape VerdeMPD President of Cape Verde (1991–2001)
Masire, KetumileKetumile Masire 90  Botswana BDP BotswanaBDP President of Botswana (1980–1998)
Mbeki, ThaboThabo Mbeki 74  South Africa ANC South AfricaANC President of South Africa (1999–2008)
Meidani, RexhepRexhep Meidani 71  Albania Socialist Party AlbaniaSocialist President of Albania (1997–2002)
Mkapa, BenjaminBenjamin Mkapa 77  Tanzania CCM TanzaniaCCM President of Tanzania (1995–2005)
Mogae, FestusFestus Mogae 76  Botswana BDP BotswanaBDP President of Botswana (1998–2008)
Obasanjo, OlusegunOlusegun Obasanjo 79  Nigeria PDP NigeriaPDP Head of the Federal Military Government of Nigeria (1976–1979)
President of Nigeria (1999–2007)
Otunbayeva, RozaRoza Otunbayeva 65  Kyrgyzstan Social Democratic Party KyrgyzstanSocial Democratic (2007–2010) President of Kyrgyzstan (2010–2011)
Panyarachun, AnandAnand Panyarachun 83  Thailand zzzzNone Prime Minister of Thailand (1991–1992)
Papandreou, GeorgeGeorge Papandreou 64  Greece Socialist GreeceSocialist Prime Minister of Greece (2009–2011)
Pastrana, AndrésAndrés Pastrana 61  Colombia Conservative Party ColombiaConservative President of Colombia (1998–2002)
Patterson, P.J.P.J. Patterson 81  Jamaica PNP JamaicaPNP (until 2011) Prime Minister of Jamaica (1992–2006)
Perez de Cuellar, JavierJavier Pérez de Cuéllar 96  Peru UPP PeruUPP Secretary-General of the United Nations (1982–1991)
President of the Council of Ministers of Peru (2000–2001)
Prodi, RomanoRomano Prodi 76  Italy Democratic Party ItalyDemocratic President of the European Commission (1999–2004)
President of the Council of Ministers of Italy (1996–1998, 2006–2008)
Quiroga, JorgeJorge Quiroga 56  Bolivia PODEMOS BoliviaPODEMOS President of Bolivia (2001–2002)
Ramos, Fidel V.Fidel V. Ramos 88  Philippines Lakas PhilippinesLakas President of the Philippines (1992–1998)
Ramos-Horta, José ManuelJosé Manuel Ramos-Horta 66  East Timor zzzzNone Prime Minister of East Timor (2006–2007)
President of East Timor (2007–2012)
Rasmussen, Poul NyrupPoul Nyrup Rasmussen 73  Denmark Social Democrats DenmarkSocial Democrats Prime Minister of Denmark (1993–2001)
Robinson, MaryMary Robinson 72  Ireland zzzzNone President of Ireland (1990–97)
UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (1997–2002)
Rodriguez Zapatero, Jose LuisJosé Luis Rodríguez Zapatero 55  Spain Socialist Workers Party SpainSocialist Workers President of the Government of Spain (2004–2011)
Roman, PetrePetre Roman 69  Romania
SR Romania
FSN RomaniaFSN (1989–1991) Prime Minister of Romania (1989–1991)
Sampaio, JorgeJorge Sampaio 76  Portugal Socialist Party PortugalSocialist President of Portugal (1996–2006)
Sanchez de Lozada, GonzaloGonzalo Sánchez de Lozada 85  Bolivia MNR BoliviaMNR President of Bolivia (1993–1997, 2002–2003)
Sanguinetti, Julio MaríaJulio María Sanguinetti 80  Uruguay PC UruguayPC President of Uruguay (1985–1990, 1995–2000)
Shipley, Jennifer MaryJennifer Mary Shipley 64  New Zealand National New ZealandNational Prime Minister of New Zealand (1997–1999)
Siniora, FuadFuad Siniora 73  Lebanon FM LebanonFM Prime Minister of Lebanon (2005–2009)
Soares, MarioMário Soares 91  Portugal Socialist Party PortugalSocialist Prime Minister of Portugal (1976–1978, 1983–1985)
President of Portugal (1986–1996)
Suchocka, HannaHanna Suchocka 70  Poland UD PolandUD Prime Minister of Poland (1992–1993)
Tadic, BorisBoris Tadic 58  Serbia NDS Greens SerbiaNDS-Greens President of Serbia (2004–2012)
Toledo, AlejandroAlejandro Toledo 70  Peru PP PeruPP President of Peru (2001–2006)
Torrijos, MartinMartín Torrijos 52  Panama PRD PanamaPRD President of Panama (2004–2009)
Turk, MartinDanilo Türk 64  Slovenia zzzzNone President of Slovenia (2007–2012)
Uteem, CassamCassam Uteem 75  Mauritius MMM MauritiusMMM President of Mauritius (1992–2002)
Verhofstadt, GuyGuy Verhofstadt 63  Belgium VLD BelgiumVLD Prime Minister of Belgium (1999–2008)
Vike-Freiberga, VairaVaira Vike-Freiberga 78  Latvia zzzzNone President of Latvia (1999–2007)
Zedillo, ErnestoErnesto Zedillo 64  Mexico PRI MexicoPRI President of Mexico (1994–2000)

List of Current Members

Several members of the Club played prominent roles in the diplomatic and military proceedings aimed at ending the wars in the former Yugoslavia during the 1990s:


  • General Assembly
  • Board of Directors
  • General Secretariat
  • Advisory Committee

The Club's members are supported by a network of world-class experts who work together to offer assistance on a range of democratic reform issues. The Club de Madrid is composed of four executive and advisory bodies:

Direct exchanges with current leaders of countries in the process of democratic transition on a peer-to-peer basis, and the Member’s ability to deliver the right message at the right time, are two of the major assets of the Club de Madrid. In this sense, the Members of the Club de Madrid can also help focus much needed international attention on targeted countries and leverage the work of other institutions trying to promote democracy.

Full Members are members of the Club de Madrid who provide their personal and political experience as former Heads of State and Government. Their appointment, based on a proposal from the Board of Directors, is approved by the General Assembly.

  • Personal experience and status of its Members
  • Access to the world’s leading experts on democracy
  • Specialization in democratic transition and consolidation issues
  • Practical approach of its activities, through the implementation of projects with tangible results

The Club de Madrid's primary asset is its membership, which includes 95 distinguished former heads of state and government of democratic nations. The comparative advantage of the Club de Madrid is based on the following key assets:

Structure and Organization

  • Constitutional design
  • The Legislative branch and its relation with the Executive branch
  • The Judicial branch and its relation with Executive branch
  • Anti-corruption procedures
  • The role of the armed forces and security forces
  • Reform of the state bureaucracy
  • Strengthening of political and social pluralism and of political parties
  • Economic and social conditions

The Club was created from an event that was held in October 2001 in Madrid, a four day Conference on Democratic Transition and Consolidation (CDTC). This event brought together 35 world leaders, over 100 esteemed academics and policy specialists from Europe, the Americas, Asia, and Africa to discuss ideas and means of implementation from both objective and subjective perspectives. The conference discussed eight main topics:

The Club is based in Jorge Fernando Quiroga (Bolivia).

As of March 2014, there are 95 full Members, all of whom are previous government officials with full voting rights. The Club also has institutional members and foundations – those who belong to private and public organizations that share similar democratic objectives, including FRIDE, the Gorbachev Foundation of North America (GFNA), both original sponsors of the founding conference in 2001, the Madrid City Council, the regional government of Madrid, and the Government of Spain. Additionally, there are six honorary members (e.g. Kofi Annan, Aung San Suu Kyi) and a number of fellows, who are experts on democratic changeover.



  • Composition 1
  • Structure and Organization 2
  • Members 3
    • List of Current Members 3.1
      • Member statistics 3.1.1
    • List of Honorary Members 3.2
    • List of Members of the Constituent Foundations 3.3
    • List of former members (deceased) 3.4
  • References 4
  • External links 5

The Club de Madrid works together with governments, inter-governmental organizations, civil society, scholars and representatives from the business world, to encourage dialogue in order to foster social and political change. The Club de Madrid also works on the search for effective methods to provide technical advice and recommendations to transitional nations taking steps to establish democracy.

Among its main goals are the strengthening of democratic institutions and counselling on the resolution of political conflicts in two key areas: democratic leadership and governance and response to crisis and post-crisis situations.

from 65 countries, the Club de Madrid is the world’s largest forum of former Heads of State and Government. [1]

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