Coconuco language

Native to Colombia
Region Cauca Department
Ethnicity Guambiano (Misak)
Native speakers
21,000  (2008)[1]
  • Coconuco
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Variously:
gum – Guambiano
ttk – Totoró
cca – Coconuco?

Coconuco AKA Guambiano is a dialect cluster of Colombia spoken by the Guambiano indigenous people. Though the three varieties, Guambiano, moribund Totoró, and the extinct Coconuco, are traditionally called languages, Adelaar & Muysken (2004) believe that they are best treated as a single language.

Totoro may be extinct; it had 4 speakers in 1998 out of an ethnic population of 4,000. Guambiano, on the other hand, is vibrant and growing.

Coconucan was for a time mistakenly included in a spurious Paezan language family, due to a purported "Moguex" (Guambiano) vocabulary that turned out to be a mix of Páez and Guambiano (Curnow 1998).


The Guambiano inventory is as follows (Curnow & Liddicoat 1998:386).

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