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Communist Party of Great Britain (Marxist–Leninist)

Communist Party of Great Britain (Marxist–Leninist)
Chairman Harpal Brar
Vice Chairman Ella Rule
General Secretary Zane Carpenter
Founded 2004
Split from Socialist Labour Party
Headquarters London, England
Newspaper Proletarian
Youth wing Red Youth
Ideology Communism
Political position Far-left
International affiliation None
Colours Red, White
Party flag
Politics of United Kingdom
Political parties

The Communist Party of Great Britain (Marxist–Leninist) is a Marxist-Leninist and anti-imperialist political party in the United Kingdom. Currently their chairman is Harpal Brar. The party was created after a split from the Socialist Labour Party (SLP) in 2004. It publishes a bimonthly newspaper, Proletarian and the Marxist journal Lalkar is also closely allied with the party.


  • Party ideology 1
  • Party activity 2
    • International positions 2.1
    • Domestic positions 2.2
      • Northern Ireland 2.2.1
      • Scotland 2.2.2
  • History 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Party ideology

The CPGB-ML is a British Communist party active in England, Scotland, and Wales. It publishes regular statements, holds meetings, and demonstrations. The party adheres to Marxism-Leninism, the same political theory adopted by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. The party is known for their strong defense of Communist leaders such as Vladimir Lenin, Joseph Stalin, and Mao Zedong.

The CPGB-ML was one of few parties in the UK which did not condemn the 2011 England riots, but characterised them as a rudimentary form of anti-capitalist resistance that lacked adequate leadership and direction.[1] The CPGB-ML opposes all immigration controls as measures to misdirect workers and blame each other for the crisis rather than the bourgeoisie.

The CPGB-ML opposes social democracy and what they term "revisionist communist" parties. CPGB-ML chairman Harpal Brar published a book called Social Democracy: The Enemy within.[2]

Party activity

The CPGB-ML is involved in a number of British political movements such as Palestinian solidarity,[3] anti-austerity,[4] antiwar,[5] anti-Maidan,[6] and anti-drone [7]

The CPGB-ML holds two annual events. The first is the "international BBQ" when the CPGB-ML invites people from countries the CPGB-ML supports and ambassadors from these countries as a show of solidarity. The second annual event held by the CPGB-ML is their October revolution celebration, which celebrates the first successful Marxist-Lenist revolution and the creation of Soviet Russia.

The party is known for being the only party to carry a banner of Joseph Stalin, included with a quote by him, every year on the 1st of May International Workers' Day march in London.[8][9] The quote is from a book Stalin wrote called The Foundations of Leninism and it says “Either place yourself at the mercy of capital, eke out a wretched existence as of old and sink lower and lower, or adopt a new weapon – this is the alternative imperialism puts before the vast masses of the proletariat. Imperialism brings the working class to revolution.”

International positions

The CPGB-ML supports governments around the world which it perceives to be socialist or anti-imperialist. Some examples are Venezuela, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea), Russia, Cuba, Vietnam, Zimbabwe, Syria, Iran, and People's Republic of China. Delegations from the Chinese embassy have attended meetings of the CPGB-ML and members of the CPGB-ML and Red Youth (the youth wing of the CPGB-ML) have made visits to Ecuador.[10] It was one of many anti-war parties to oppose Nato actions in Libya and Syria, and support the governments of Muammar Gaddafi and Bashar Al Assad.[11][12] In 2011 the CPGB-ML party chairman Harpal Brar visited Libya (during the war) to express solidarity with the Libyan people in their fight against NATO.[13] The party also supports the struggle of the Palestinian people against Zionism in Israel, which it characterises as an apartheid state.[14] It called for a defeat of British troops in Iraq and Afghanistan, and a movement of direct action and non-cooperation among British working people, in order to exert political influence.

The CPGB-ML made clear its support of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) and its anti-imperialist stance in April 2013, as well as its opposition of Western efforts to discourage the state from acquiring nuclear weapons.[15][16]

Domestic positions

Northern Ireland

The CPGB-ML calls for the withdrawal of British troops from the island of Ireland and for a unified 32-county state to be formed. It supports Sinn Féin's leadership of the Good Friday Agreement, which it believes falls within this framework.


The party accepted a position at its 2012 congress that there are no separate English and Scottish nations, but rather, when those nations were at the point of developing as modern capitalist economies, their ruling classes joined together to form a British nation.[17] Though the CPGB-ML believes in local democracy, it sees the Scottish independence movement as diversionary from building a working class movement across the historic nation of Great Britain and therefore opposes it. It claims that proposals set forward for Scottish independence will not break the Union, the British state, or the British army in any significant manner.[18] In its opposition to Scottish independence, it stands at odds with the Scottish Socialist Party, the Socialist Workers Party and the Revolutionary Communist Group.

Communist Party of Great Britain (Marxist–Leninist) Poster reading "Workers of all countries, unite!" next to a portrait of Lenin.


The party was founded on July 3, 2004 in London.[19] The party effectively split from the Socialist Labour Party (SLP), because of Arthur Scargill's refusal to accept support for North Korea and other states. As a result, Scargill chose to expel a number of members of the party's central committee and its entire Yorkshire region. Those expelled formed the CPGB-ML.

The party also has a small number of members from the early days of the British communist movement and the original Communist Party of Great Britain which was connected to the Third International. The current Honorary President is Isabel Crook, wife of David Crook, who celebrated her 100th birthday in 2014. Both were communists who were in Spain during the Spanish Civil War and later went to work for Mao Zedong and the Chinese communists.[20][21] Prominent members included Jack Shapiro, a veteran of the anti-revisionist movement and lifelong communist.[22]

The party's chairman is a retired university law lecturer, writer and businessman Harpal Brar. The party's vice-chairman and international secretary is Ella Rule while the party's general secretary is Zane Carpenter.

See also


  1. ^ "Rage against capitalism; the working class fights back" blog Red Youth August 9, 2011
  2. ^ "Social Democracy: The Enemy within" Amazon UK
  3. ^ "GAZA 2014: Zionist - Imperialist 'Axis of Oppression' " Proletarian TV, 27 Jul 2014
  4. ^ "Birmingham TUC Hard up festival" Communist Party of Great Britain(Marxist-Leninist), flickr, September 28, 2014
  5. ^ "Defeat the murderous imperialist predatory war against the Syrian people!" statement by the CPGB-ML, 29 August 2013
  6. ^
  7. ^ "Ground the Drones!" blog Red Youth, 29th April 2013
  8. ^ "I’ve just seen Nazi banners in Trafalgar Square. Well, almost" The Spectator, James Bloodworth 2 May 2014
  9. ^ "UK Stalin shows his face at London May Day march, 1 May 2014
  10. ^ "Red Youth speak at October Revolution Celebration Red Youth members attend the festival of Youth and Students in Quito, Ecuador (December 2013)
  11. ^ "The following articles contain the word 'libya' in the title" search on April 17, 2013 of Proletarian for "Libya" which shows half a dozen articles expressing support for the government of Mummar Gaddafi
  12. ^ "The following articles contain the word 'syria' in the title" search on April 17, 2013 of Proletarian for "Syria" which shows about a dozen articles expressing support for the government of Bashar Al Assad
  13. ^ "Harpal Brar visits Libya: video uploaded to youtube by user rayyisse, and re-uploaded by youtube user The 10,000 league
  14. ^ "Congress motions 2: our international solidarity tasks The motions below were passed at the CPGB-ML’s congress on 5 June 2010" Proletarian issue 37 (August 2010)
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^ "Scotland: a part of the British nation" Proletarian issue 51 (December 2012)
  18. ^
  19. ^ "Formation of the CPGB-ML" Proletarian Issue 1 (August 2004)
  20. ^ "Western witness stays true to the Party line" article by Tan Zongyang in China Daily 2011-06-22
  21. ^ "My memories of 1949 " uploaded on June 21, 2011 by ProletarianCPGBML to YouTube
  22. ^ Biography of Jack & Marie Shapiro on website of Graham Stevenson, accessed April 17, 2013

External links

  • Official website
  • Lalkar website
  • CPGB-ML's YouTube channel
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