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Community of Portuguese Language Countries

Comunidade dos Países de Língua Portuguesa
(Community of Portuguese Language Countries)
Flag
A cylindrical projection of the world, highlighting the member states of the CPLC (red), officialy interested countries and regions in CPLC (yellow)
A cylindrical projection of the world, highlighting the member states of the CPLC (red), officialy interested countries and regions in CPLC (yellow)
Headquarters Palace of the Counts of Penafiel
Lisbon, Portugal

Official language Portuguese
Membership
Leaders
 -  Executive Secretary Murade Isaac Murargy
 -  Summit Presidency  Mozambique
Population
 -  estimate ~ 266 million
Website
cplc.org

The Community of Portuguese Language Countries or Community of Portuguese-Speaking Countries[1] (lusophone (Portuguese-speaking) nations, where Portuguese is an official language.[2]

Contents

  • Formation, objectives and member states 1
  • Associate Observers 2
  • Significance 3
  • Governance 4
  • Consultative observers 5
  • Map 6
  • Macau accession 7
  • Equatorial Guinea 8
  • See also 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11

Formation, objectives and member states

CPLP is a multilateral forum created to deepen mutual friendship and cooperation among its member states.[2]

CPLP was formed on 17 July 1996 with seven countries: Portugal, Brazil, Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, and São Tomé and Príncipe. East Timor joined the community in 2002 after gaining independence.[3] Though Spanish-speaking, Equatorial Guinea joined in 2014[4] at the 10th summit in Dili, Timor-Leste with the issuance of the Dili Declaration.[5]

Its main objectives are:[2]

  • Political and diplomatic cooperation between its member states, in particular to strengthen its presence in the international arena;
  • The cooperation in all areas, including education, health, science and technology, defense, agriculture, public administration, communications, justice, public safety, culture, sports and media;
  • The materialization of projects for the promotion and dissemination of the Portuguese language.

In 2005, during a meeting in Luanda, the ministers of culture of the eight countries declared the 5 May as the Lusophone Culture Day (Dia da Cultura Lusófona in Portuguese).[6]

Associate Observers

In July 2006, during the Equatorial Guinea was admitted as CPLP member.[4]

Mauritius, which was unknown to Europeans until the Portuguese sailed there and has strong connections with Mozambique, also obtained associate observer status in 2006. In 2008, Senegal, with historical connections to Portuguese colonisation in Casamance, was admitted as Associate Observer.[7]

In July 2014, during the Japan, Namibia and Turkey the status of Associate Observers.[4]

Significance

The Portuguese-speaking countries are home to 267 million people located across the globe but having cultural similarities and a shared history. The CPLP nations have a combined area of about 10,742,000 square kilometres (4,148,000 sq mi), which is larger than Canada.

Since its formation, the CPLP has helped to solve problems in São Tomé and Príncipe and in Guinea-Bissau, because of coups d'état in those countries. These two problems were solved, and in fact, have helped these two countries to take economic reforms (in the case of São Tomé) and democratic ones (in the case of Guinea-Bissau).

The leaders of the CPLP believe that peace in Angola and Mozambique as well as East Timor's independence favors the further development of the CPLP and a strengthening of multilateral cooperation.

Since many children in rural areas of Lusophone Africa and East Timor are out-of-school youth, the education officials in these regions seek help from Portugal and Brazil to increase the education to spread Portuguese fluency (like establishing Instituto Camões language center branches in main cities and rural towns), as Portuguese is becoming one of the main languages in Southern Africa, where it is also taught in Namibia and South Africa.

In many developing Portuguese-speaking nations, Portuguese is the language of government and commerce which means that Portuguese speaking people from African nations can work and communicate with others in different parts of the world, especially in Portugal and Brazil, where the economies are stronger. Many leaders of Portuguese-speaking nations in Africa are fearful that language standards do not meet the fluency required and are therefore making it compulsory in schools so that a higher degree of fluency is achieved and young Africans will be able to speak a world language that will help them later in life.

Angola has not yet signed the most recent accord on the orthography of the Portuguese language, and has asked other PALOP countries to support it in discussions on various points of that accord with Portugal.[8]

Governance

The Organization’s Executive Secretariat is responsible for designing and implementing the CPLP's projects and initiatives. It is located in Lisbon, Portugal. The Executive Secretary has a two-year mandate, and can be re-elected once.[9]

The CPLP's guidelines and priorities are established by a biannual (or whenever requested by 2/3 of the member states) Conference of Heads of State and Government[10] and the Organization’s plan of action is approved by the Council of Foreign Ministers,[11] which meets every year. There are also monthly meetings of the Permanent Steering Committee that follow specific initiatives and projects.

The CPLP is financed by its member states.[2]

Executive secretaries[12]
Name Took office Left office Country
Marcolino Moco 17 July 1996 July 2000  Angola
Dulce Maria Pereira July 2000 1 August 2002  Brazil
João Augusto de Médicis 1 August 2002 April 2004  Brazil
Zeferino Martins (interim) April 2004 July 2004  Mozambique
Luís de Matos Monteiro da Fonseca July 2004 July 2008  Cape Verde
Domingos Simões Pereira 25 July 2008 20 July 2012  Guinea-Bissau
Murade Isaac Miguigy Murargy 20 July 2012 present  Mozambique
Conferences of Heads of State and Government[10]
Summit Host country Host city Year
I  Portugal Lisbon 1996
II  Cape Verde Praia 1998
III  Mozambique Maputo 2000
IV  Brazil Brasília 2002
V  São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé 2004
VI  Guinea-Bissau Bissau 2006
VII  Portugal Lisbon 2008
VIII  Angola Luanda 2010
IX  Mozambique Maputo 2012
X  Timor-Leste Dili 2014

Consultative observers

Besides Associate Observer states, the CPLP also engages civil society organizations as Consultative Observers from various CPLP and non-CPLP countries (Spain and China), as well as pan-Lusophone bodies.[13]

Country Consultative observers
 Angola
  • Fundação Agostinho Neto
  • Fundação Eduardo dos Santos
 Brazil
 Cape Verde
  • Fundação Amílcar Cabral
Spain
 Macau
  • Instituto Internacional de Macau
 Portugal
  • Assistência Médica Internacional
  • Associação das Misericórdias de Portugal
  • Associação dos Ex-Deputados da Assembleia da República Portuguesa
  • Centro de Conciliação e Mediação de Conflitos - Concórdia
  • Círculo de Reflexão Lusófona
  • Faculdade de Direito da Universidade de Lisboa
  • Fundação Bial
  • Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian
  • Fundação Champalimaud
  • Fundação D. Manuel II
  • Fundação Luso-Americana para o Desenvolvimento
  • Fundação Luso-Brasileira para o Desenvolvimento
  • Fundação Mário Soares
  • Fundação Oriente
  • Fundação para a Divulgação das Tecnologias de Informação
  • Fundação para o Desenvolvimento da Comunidade
  • Fundação Portugal-África
  • Instituto de Higiene e Medicina Tropical
  • Médicos do Mundo
  • Organização Paramédicos de Catástrofe Internacional
  • Sociedade de Geografia de Lisboa
  • União das Mutualidades Portuguesas
  • Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias
 São Tomé and Príncipe
  • Fundação Novo Futuro
CPLP
  • Associação das Universidades de Língua Portuguesa
  • Associação dos Comités Olímpicos de Língua Oficial Portuguesa
  • Comunidade Médica de Língua Portuguesa
  • Comunidade Sindical dos Países de Língua Portuguesa
  • Confederação da Publicidade dos Países de Língua Portuguesa
  • Conselho Empresarial da CPLP
  • Fórum da Juventude da CPLP
  • União dos Advogados de Língua Portuguesa
  • Saúde em Português

Map

Map of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries.

Macau accession

Macau was the last Portuguese overseas territory to be decolonized, and returned to China in 1999. It still retains traces of the Portuguese culture and Portuguese is an official language of the territory. In 2006, during the II Ministerial meeting between China and Portuguese Speaking Countries, the CPLP Executive Secretary and Deputy ambassador Tadeu Soares invited the Chief Executive of the Government of Macao Special Administrative Region, Edmund Ho Hau Wa, to request the Associate Observer status for Macau. The Government of Macao Special Administrative Region has not yet formalized this request.

Equatorial Guinea

When the CPLP was formed, Equatorial Guinea asked for observer status. Equatorial Guinea (Portuguese: Guiné Equatorial) was a Portuguese colony from the 15th to 18th centuries and has some territories where Portuguese-based creole languages are spoken and cultural connections with São Tomé and Príncipe and Portugal are felt. Also, the country has recently cooperated with Portuguese-speaking African countries and Brazil at an educational level. At the CPLP summit of July 2004, in São Tomé and Príncipe, the member states agreed to change the statutes of the community to accept states as associate observers. Equatorial Guinea is in discussion for full membership.[14] In June 2010, Equatorial Guinea asked to be admitted as full member. At its 8th summit in Luanda in July 2010, the CPLP decided to open formal negotiations with Equatorial Guinea about full membership in the CPLP.[15] At its 10th summit in Dili in July 2014, Equatorial Guinea was admitted as CPLP member.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ Republic of Mauritius. Prime Minister's Office. Cabinet Decisions taken on 21 July 2006, http://www.gov.mu/portal/pmosite/menuitem.4ca0efdee47462e7440a600248a521ca/?content_id=0aad636fa35bc010VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD
  2. ^ a b c d "CPLP Objectivos" (in Portuguese). CPLP. Retrieved 23 July 2014. 
  3. ^ "DECLARAÇÃO SOBRE A ACEITAÇÃO DO PEDIDO DE ADESÃO DA REPÚBLICA DEMOCRÁTICA DE TIMOR-LESTE À CPLP" (in Portuguese). CPLP. 1 August 2002. Retrieved 23 July 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d "X Conferência de Chefes de Estado e de Governo da Comunidade dos Países de Língua Portuguesa" (in Portuguese). CPLP. 23 July 2014. Retrieved 23 July 2014. 
  5. ^ http://allafrica.com/stories/201407241649.html
  6. ^ "Declaração de Luanda - IV Reunião dos Ministros da Cultura da CPLP" (in Portuguese). CPLP. 13 May 2005. Retrieved 23 July 2014. 
  7. ^ a b "Observadores Associados" (in Portuguese). CPLP. Retrieved 23 July 2014. 
  8. ^ "PALOP reunem-se à margem da 20ª Cimeira do Conselho Executivo" [PALOP countries meet at the 20th summit of the UA executive] (in Portuguese). Angop. 28 January 2012. Retrieved 27 March 2012. 
  9. ^ "CPLP Secretariado Executivo" (in Portuguese). CPLP. Retrieved 23 July 2014. 
  10. ^ a b "CPLP Conferência de Chefes de Estado e de Governo" (in Portuguese). CPLP. Retrieved 23 July 2014. 
  11. ^ "CPLP Conselho de Ministros" (in Portuguese). CPLP. Retrieved 23 July 2014. 
  12. ^ "CPLP Anteriores Sec. Executivos" (in Portuguese). CPLP. Retrieved 23 July 2014. 
  13. ^ Comunidade dos Países de Língua Portuguesa. "Lista completa dos Observadores Consultivos" (in Portuguese). Retrieved 20 February 2010. 
  14. ^ CPLP discusses Equatorial Guinea's membership - People's Daily Online. English.people.com.cn (2008-07-26). Retrieved on 2013-08-09.
  15. ^ "Nota informativa: Missão da CPLP à Guiné Equatorial" (in Portuguese). CPLP. 3 May 2011. Retrieved 27 March 2012. 

External links

  • (Portuguese) Official site of the CPLP
  • (Portuguese) Seminário da CPLP, on the culture and development of the CPLP.
  • (Portuguese) Africanidade, the African countries of the CPLP.
  • ELO, addressing economic relations between the European Union (EU) and the CPLP.
  • UCCLA, Unity of the Capital Cities of Portuguese language.

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