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Component (UML)

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Title: Component (UML)  
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Subject: Unified Modeling Language, Package (UML), Component, Activity (UML), Composite structure diagram
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Component (UML)

A UML Component with provided and required interfaces

A component in the Unified Modeling Language "represents a modular part of a system, that encapsulates its content and whose manifestation is replaceable within its environment. A component defines its behavior in terms of provided and required interfaces".[1]

A component may be replaced by another if and only if their provided and required interfaces are identical. This idea is the underpinning for the plug-and-play capability of component-based systems and promotes software reuse.[1]

As can be seen from the above definition, UML places no restriction on the granularity of a component. Thus, a component may be as small as a figures-to-words converter, or as large as an entire document management system.

Larger pieces of a system's functionality may be assembled by reusing components as parts in an encompassing component or assembly of components, and wiring together their required and provided interfaces."[1] Such assemblies are illustrated by means of component diagrams.

Related terms


  1. ^ a b c OMG (2008). OMG Unified Modeling Language (OMG UML), Superstructure, V2.1.2 p.146.

External links

  • Component in UML 2

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