World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Conservative terrorism

Article Id: WHEBN0031355742
Reproduction Date:

Title: Conservative terrorism  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Communist terrorism, History of terrorism, Aircraft hijacking, Clandestine cell system, Christian terrorism
Collection: Conservatism, Terrorism by Form
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Conservative terrorism

Conservative terrorism is a type of terrorism,[1] associated with state loyal terrorism,[2] that is carried out by militants intending to eliminate threats which they believe should have been eliminated by a state's security forces.[1] A conservative terrorist group is one which uses terrorism in order to defend the existing order or to gain a reversion to an earlier arrangement.[3]

According to American counterinsurgency expert Major Erik A. Claessen,

On the other hand, it has also been noted that conservative terrorists are less likely to attract female participants than left-wing terrorist groups.[5] RAND analysts Kim Cragin and Sara Daly believe that left-wing groups are also "more likely to allow women to fight and take on operation roles as a reflection of societies' expectation of women's roles in general."[5]

Groups described as conservative terrorist organizations include a number of organizations formed to supposedly combat communists in Colombia and the pro-British groups in Northern Ireland.[3]

The Contras, a conservative terrorist group, were supplied with weapons by the United States in order to fight the leftist Sandinista government in Nicaragua.[6]


  • In the United States 1
  • In Brazil 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

In the United States

Conservative terrorist groups, such as the Ku Klux Klan[7] and the White League,[8] have been active in the United States, as in the period when conservative terrorist groups intimidated black voters during the Reconstruction era that followed the Civil War in the American South.[9] Conservative terrorist activities during this period in United States history frequently involved murder, as in the case of African Americans killed in retaliation for their political activity.[10]

In Brazil

Command of Communist Hunting was active in the years of Brazilian military dictatorship.

See also


  1. ^ a b Drake, C. J. M. (1996). "The phenomenon of conservative terrorism". Terrorism and Political Violence Volume 8, Issue 3 (Autumn 1998), pp. 29-46. doi:10.1080/09546559608427362.
  2. ^ Jan Oskar Engene, Terrorism in Western Europe, p. 41.
  3. ^ a b Drake, C. J. M. (1998). Terrorists' target selection. London: Palgrave Macmillan and New York: St. Martin's Press. p. 19. ISBN 0-312-21197-X.
  4. ^ Claessen, Erik A. (2010). Stalemate: An anatomy of conflicts between democracies, Islamists, and Muslim autocrats. Santa Barbara, CA: ABL-CLIO. pp. 14-15. ISBN 978-0-313-38444-8.
  5. ^ a b Cragin, Kim, and Sara A. Daly (2009). Women as terrorists: mothers, recruiters, and martyrs. Santa Barbara, CA: ABL-CLIO. p. 73. ISBN 978-0-275-98909-5.
  6. ^ Drake, C. J. M. (1998). Terrorists' target selection. London: Palgrave Macmillan and New York: St. Martin's Press. p. 90. ISBN 0-312-21197-X.
  7. ^ Allerfeldt, Kristofer (2011). Crime and the rise of modern America: a history from 1865-1941. London: Routledge. p. 188. ISBN 978-0-415-80044-0.
  8. ^ Horton, James Oliver & Lois E. Horton (2005). Slavery and the making of America. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 223. ISBN 978-0-19-517903-3.
  9. ^ Kaczorowski, Robert J. (2005). The politics of judicial interpretation: the federal courts, Department of Justice, and civil rights, 1866-1876. New York: Fordham University Press. p. 157. ISBN 978-0-8232-2382-4.
  10. ^ Rose, Willie Lee Nichols, and William W. Freehling (1982). Slavery and freedom. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 108. ISBN 978-0-19-502969-7.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.