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Title: Consolida  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Consolida regalis, Ranunculaceae, Consolida ajacis, Follicle (fruit), History of flower arrangement
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Consolida ambigua
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Ranunculaceae
Genus: Consolida
(DC.) Gray

See text.

Consolida is a genus of about 40 species of annual flowering plants in the family Ranunculaceae, native to western Europe, the Mediterranean and Asia. The common name, larkspur, referring to the spur-shaped calyx, is shared with the closely related perennial delphinium.

Consolida differs from Delphinium in the flower structure, with the flowers in an open, loose, often branched spike, rather than the dense column of flowers found in Delphinium, and in the fruit, which comprises a single follicle, instead of a cluster of several together.

It is a popular garden plant and cut flower, grown from seed every year, with numerous cultivars in shades of pink, blue, purple and white.[1] In seed catalogues it is usually described as "larkspur", with "delphinium" reserved for its perennial relative.


  • Toxicity 1
  • Species 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4


All parts of the plant are toxic to humans, especially the seeds.


Selected species include:[2]


  1. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136.  
  2. ^ speciesConsolidaGRIN: . accessed 1.10.2013

External links

  • ConsolidaGRIN: Species list/links/synonyms for genus
  • ConsolidaUSDA Plants Profile:
  • ConsolidaFlora of North America:
  • Jepson Manual Treatment

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