World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Constitution of Eritrea

Article Id: WHEBN0023946662
Reproduction Date:

Title: Constitution of Eritrea  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Politics of Eritrea, Eritrea, History of Eritrea, Government of Eritrea, Eritrean independence referendum, 1993
Collection: Constitutions by Country, Government of Eritrea
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Constitution of Eritrea

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

The Constitution of Eritrea is the supreme law of Eritrea. It provides the legal foundation for the existence of the State and source of legal authority. It sets out the rights and duties of its citizens, and defines the structure of government.


In March 1994, the Provisional Government of Eritrea established a Constitutional Commission to draft a new constitution. The drafting authority was the transitional National Assembly, a body consisting of 75 members of the EPLF central committee and 75 representatives elected by regional assemblies.[1]

In 1995, a global symposium was held in Asmara for the writing of the Constitution of Eritrea. Eritrean representatives worked closely on the legislation with a number of international experts, including Ismail Ali Ismail. The following year, Ismail also helped train senior government officials in the Eritrean capital.[2]

After 27 months, the resulting constitution was introduced to the National Assembly in 1997.[1] Although the constitution has been ratified, it has yet to be fully implemented, and general elections have not been held, despite the ratification of an election law in 2002.[3]

The Eritrean constitution calls for legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government. According to the constitution, a 150-seat unicameral legislature, the National Assembly, decides internal and external policy, approves the budget, and elects the president of the country. However, the National Assembly has not met since 2002, and many of its members are either in prison or have fled the country. Legislative as well as executive functions are now exercised by President Isaias Afwerki.[3]


  1. ^ a b Jennifer Widner (August 2005). "Eritrea 1997". Princeton University. Retrieved July 1, 2013. 
  2. ^ Ismail, Ismail Ali (6 July 2005). "Ethiopia and Somalia: Missed Opportunities and Some Challenges". Wardheernews. Retrieved 1 September 2014. 
  3. ^ a b Country Profile: Eritrea (PDF). Library of Congress Federal Research Division (September 2005).  This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.

External links

  • English version of The Constitution of Eritrea
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.