Council for National Defense and Security (Vietnam)

Council for National Defence and Security is an agency of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, tasked with overseeing the defence and security of the country during the state of emergency or war.


The Council for National Defence and Security of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam traces its roots to the Supreme National Defence Council of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, established in 1948. In 1960, under the new constitution adopted in 1959, the name of the agency became the National Defence Council. The Council for National Defence and Security took its current form in 1992 when a new constitution was promulgated.

Organisation and Membership

Under the Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, the President of Vietnam is the commander-in-chief of the Vietnam People's Armed Forces, and the ex officio chair of the Council for National Defence and Security. The President nominates a list of members of the Council to the National Assembly for confirmation. Members of the Council need not be members of the National Assembly.

The Council operates based on majority rule.

The current membership of the Council includes: Truong Tan Sang, President and chair of the Council; Nguyen Tan Dung, Prime Minister and vice chair of the Council; Nguyen Sinh Hung, Chairman of the National Assembly; General Phung Quang Thanh, Minister of Defence; General Tran Dai Quang, Minister of Public Security; Pham Binh Minh, Minister of Foreign Affairs. All but one member of the Council (Pham Binh Minh) are members of the powerful Politburo of the Communist Party of Vietnam.


The Council for National Defence and Security has the responsibility to mobilise all resources, including manpower and materiel, for national security and defence. Under the constitution, in the case of war, the National Assembly may delegate to the Council special responsibilities and powers, including declaring states of emergency, and mandating actions by the government, military, public security forces, and foreign affairs officials. The chair of the Council can delegate his authority as commander-in-chief to the Minister of Defence as necessary.

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