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Crt0

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Title: Crt0  
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Subject: Executable, Runtime library, Execution (computing), Compiler, Interpreter (computing)
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Crt0

crt0 (also known as c0) is a set of execution startup routines linked into a C program that performs any initialization work required before calling the program's main function. It generally takes the form of an object file called crt0.o, often written in assembly language, which is automatically included by the linker into every executable file it builds.[1]

Contents

  • crt0 1
  • crt1 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

crt0

crt0 contains the most basic parts of the runtime library. As such, the exact work it performs depends on the program's compiler, operating system and C standard library implementation.[1] Beside the initialization work required by the environment and toolchain, crt0 can perform additional operations defined by the programmer, such as executing C++ global constructors and C functions carrying the GCC's ((constructor)) attribute.[2][3]

"crt" stands for "C runtime", and the zero stands for "the very beginning". However, when programs are compiled using GCC, it is also used for languages other than C. Alternative versions of crt0 are available for special usage scenarios; for example, the profiler gprof requires its programs to be compiled with gcrt0.[4]

crt1

crt1 is used in some environments that require "life before main" or "life after main", including global constructors and destructors. By contrast, crt0 needs only to prepare the C stack.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "The C Runtime Initialization, crt0.o". embecosm.com. 2010. Retrieved 2013-12-30. 
  2. ^ "Program initialization". osdev.org. 2014-02-25. Retrieved 2014-04-21. 
  3. ^ "Calling Global Constructors". osdev.org. 2014-04-08. Retrieved 2014-04-21. 
  4. ^ "Compiling a Program for Profiling". sourceware.org. Retrieved 2013-12-30. 

External links

  • crt0.o vs crt1.o
  • Linux x86 program start-up
  • Hello from a libc-free world! (Part 1), March 16, 2010


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