World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Dōtanuki

Article Id: WHEBN0001236739
Reproduction Date:

Title: Dōtanuki  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Zanbatō, Anime and manga weapons, Japanese swords, Japanese swordsmithing, Kubi bukuro
Collection: Anime and Manga Weapons, Fictional Japanese Swords
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Dōtanuki

Dōtanuki (同田貫) is a name of a Japanese school of sword smiths from Higo province who produced swords in the Bizen tradition during the feudal period of Japan.[1]

Contents

  • Dotanuki School 1
  • Fictional references 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Dotanuki School

The Dotanuki school evolved in Higo Province with its ancestry going back to the famous "Enju Kunimura". Enju Kunimura founded the Higo Enju school in approximately 1305. Kunimura was born in Yamato province to the swordsmith Hiromura. He moved to Yamashiro province and became a student of Rai Kuniyuki, and later married Kuniyuki's daughter. Kunimura then moved to Higo and founded the Enju school. There are only six blades by Kunimura known to exist.

The Dotanuki School emerged in the small Higo village of Dotanuki in the mid-16th century, following the decline of the Higo Enju school in the latter part of the Koto period. The Dotanuki school founder is said to be Dotanuki Masakuni, he was called Oyama Kozuke no Suke and his original signature was Nobuyoshi. The famous general Kato Kiyomasa honored Masakuni with one character of his name, and from that point onward Nobuyoshi was known as Masakuni. However, the majority of his works are only signed "Dotanuki Kozuke no Suke", such as the sword presented here.

Dotanuki swords quickly gained great popularity among the warrior class due to their superior cutting ability. The Dotanuki smiths cared little for aesthetics, but instead focused on strength, sharpness, and durability in the field. They were renowned for producing blades which would endure the harshest conditions, the most difficult battle field situations and survive to return to battle day after day, year after year.

One of the most feared, respected and ruthless of Hideyoshi's Generals was Kato Kiyomasa. General Kiyomasa was known as a ferocious and ruthless fighter, a true warrior. So intense was General Kiyomasa that he was called "Kishokan" or "Devil General". When Hideyoshi sent General Kiyomasa to lead the invasion of Korea the General chose Dotanuki smiths to accompany him to ensure adequate swords could be produced in the field.

Fictional references

The dōtanuki has appeared in several entertainment outlets, featured as a blade wider and thicker than any normal build of katana. Ogami Ittō in the manga Lone Wolf and Cub had a dōtanuki as his principal weapon. The katana named Gassan in Soulcalibur II and Soulcalibur III is a dōtanuki. Gassan is wielded by Heishiro Mitsurugi in Soulcalibur II.

Many works of historical fiction write dōtanuki with different characters as 胴田貫 (roughly “torso–paddy–penetrate”), with a folk etymology claiming it’s because, when used to cut the torso of a cadaver lying down in a paddy, the sword would pierce right through it and into the field. This name and story apparently originated in fiction, as they are not found in any historical manuals or catalogues.

References

  1. ^ , Kōkan Nagayama, Kodansha International, 1998ISBN 4770020716, 9784770020710 P.34, 106, 197The connoisseur's book of Japanese swords

External links

  • Information about nihonto and dōtanuki
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.