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Daliyat al-Karmel

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Daliyat al-Karmel

Daliyat al-Karmel
  • דאלית אל-כרמל
  • دَالِيَةُ ٱلْكَرْمِل
Official logo of Daliyat al-Karmel
Logo
Daliyat al-Karmel is located in Israel
Daliyat al-Karmel
Daliyat al-Karmel
Coordinates:
Grid position 154/233 PAL
District Haifa
Government
 • Type Local council
 • Head of Municipality Rafik Halabi
Area
Population (2012)
 • Total 16,000
Name meaning "The hanging vine of Carmel[1]

Daliyat al-Karmel (Hebrew: דלית אל כרמלArabic: دَالِيَةِ ٱلْكَرْمِل‎) is a Druze town in the Haifa District of Israel, located around 20 km southeast of Haifa. At the end of 2012, the population was 16,000.[2] Daliyat al-Karmel, situated on Mount Carmel, is the country’s largest and southernmost Druze town.[3]

History

In 1283 both Daliyat al-Karmel and Kh. Doubel (just south of Daliyat al-Karmel) were mentioned as part of the domain of the Crusaders, according to the hudna between the Crusaders in Acre and the Mamluk sultan Qalawun.[4]

In 1870 a local guide showed French explorer Victor Guérin extensive ruins located south of Daliyat al-Karmel, called Khirbet Doubel. The ruins were the most extensive on Mt. Carmel. Guérin thought it might be the town on Mt. Carmel mentioned by Pliny.[5] Conder and Kitchener surveyed the area and noted "traces of ruins" at a place SE of the village centre called Dubil.[6] Later excavations have found remains there from Iron Age I, Early Roman and Byzantine periods,[7] together with pottery from first century to the second–third centuries CE.[8]

Ottoman era

In the 17th century, during the Ottoman period, Druze came from the hill country near Aleppo, Syria to Daliyat al-Karmel (lit. “Vine of the Carmel"),[9] and in 1859 they were numbered by the English Consul Rogers to be 300 souls, who tilled twenty feddans.[10]

In 1870, the French explorer Victor Guérin visited the village. He found four hundred inhabitants, all Druze. The houses were mostly built of adobe, with only a few stone houses. The locals worshipped inside a cave, where the explorer was not allowed.[11]

In 1881, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described the village as a "stone village of moderate size on a knoll of one of the spurs running out of the main watershed of Carmel. On the south there is a well, and fine springs on the west, near Umm esh Shukf. On the north is a little plain or open valley cultivated with corn (Merjat ed Dalieh). The inhabitants are all Druses."[10] In the mid-1880s the population was estimated at 620 Druze.[12]

British Mandate era

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Daliat al-Carmel had a population of 993; 921 Druse and 21 Christians,[13] increasing in the 1931 census when Daliet el Karmil had a population of 1173; 1154 Druse, 11 Christians and 8 Muslims, in a total of 236 houses.[14]

In 1945 the population of Daliyat al-Karmel consisted of 2,060 Arabs and the land area was 31,730 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[15] Of this, 1,506 dunams were designated for plantations and irrigable land, 18,174 for cereals,[16] while 60 dunams were built-up areas.[17]

post 1948

The Israeli census of November 1948 counted 2,932 residents, while the number at the end of 1951 was estimated at 2,769.[18]

The town was granted local council status in 1951. In 2003, it was merged with nearby Isfiya to create Carmel City.[19] In 2008, the communities became separate once again. The town is famous for its colorful market.[20]

In 2010, El Al, Israel's national airline, named one of its Boeing 767 airplanes Daliyat al-Karmel. Sheikh Muafak Tarif, leader of the Druze community, was presented with a miniature model of the plane at a special ceremony.[21]

Landmarks

Dalyat al-Karmel has a popular market, known to many people around Israel

Abu Ibrahim shrine

The shrine of Abu Ibrahim, whom the Druze consider their prophet, is in the oldest part of the town. Close by, is the home of Sir Laurence Oliphant, who spent his summers there in the 1880s with his wife Alice, and his secretary Naftali Herz Imber.[22]

The Muharka Monastery located 2 kilometer southeast to Dalyat al-Karmel and marks the battle between prophet Elijah and the prophets of the Ba'al, it is belonging to the Carmelite Order.

The Carmel Center for Druze Heritage is a hands-on museum of the history, religion and culture of the Druze.[3][20]

In 2011, the Garden of the Mothers was inaugurated in Daliyat al-Karmel, symbolizing the sisterhood of Christian, Druze, Jewish, and Muslim women who work together in northern Israel. Forty-four trees were planted in memory of the 44 Israel Prison Services personnel who died in the Mount Carmel forest fire in 2010.[23]

Culture and sports

Shops in Daliyat al-Karmel

In 2012, a tennis school financed by the Freddie Krivine Foundation opened in Daliyat al-Karmel and 12 youngsters take part in a weekly co-existence program with children at the Israel Tennis Center in Yokneam.[24]

Mevo Carmel high-tech park

Daliyat al-Karmel and Isfiya joined Yokneam Illit and the Megiddo Regional Council to develop the Mevo Carmel Jewish-Arab Industrial Park to benefit from the existing high-tech ecosystem.[25][26]

Twin cities

In 2007, Daliyat al-Karmel signed a partnership agreement with Ungheni, Moldova. In 2008, the Ambassador of Moldova, Larisa Miculet visited Daliyat al-Karmel at the invitation of the mayor, Akram Hasson.[27]

Notable residents

References

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 108
  2. ^ Israel, Central Bureau of Statistics, Statistical Abstract of Israel 2013, Table 2.24
  3. ^ a b Israel's forgotten tribe, BBC
  4. ^ al-Qalqashandi version of the hudna, referred in Barag, 1979, p. 209, Nos. C1 and C2
  5. ^ Guérin, 1865, pp. 296-296
  6. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 303
  7. ^ Shadman, 2006, Horbat Devela, final report
  8. ^ Golan, 2009, Horbat Devela, Final Report
  9. ^
  10. ^ a b Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 281
  11. ^ Guérin, 1875, p.248
  12. ^
  13. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Haifa, p. 33
  14. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 89
  15. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 47
  16. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 89
  17. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 139
  18. ^ State of Israel, Government Year-Book 5713 (1952), page V.
  19. ^
  20. ^ a b The town at the heart of Druze culture
  21. ^ El Al honors Druze community
  22. ^ Streetwise: Rehov Oliphant, Haifa, Jerusalem Post
  23. ^ Inauguration of the Garden of the Mothers
  24. ^ Freddie Krivine Tennis Schools
  25. ^
  26. ^
  27. ^ Ambassador Larisa Miculet has made a visit to the city of Daliat El-Carmel

Bibliography

  • Mülinen, Egbert Friedrich von 1908, Beiträge zur Kenntnis des Karmels "Separateabdruck aus der Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palëstina-Vereins Band XXX (1907) Seite 117-207 und Band XXXI (1908) Seite 1-258." ("Daliet el-kirmil": p. 242 ff. )

External links

  • Welcome To Daliyat al-Carmel
  • Israel tourist board: Daliyat al-Carmel
  • Survey of Western Palestine, Map 5: IAA,
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