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Dallas Phase

The Dallas Phase (c. 1300–1600 CE) is an archaeological phase, within the Mississippian III period, in the South Appalachian Geologic province in North America.[1][2]

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • Characteristics 2
    • Ceramics 2.1
  • Sites 3
  • Dates 4
  • See also 5
  • Notes 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Geography

Dallas peoples moved into southwest Virginia from northeastern Tennessee in the early 13th century.[3] Dallas phase settlements ranged from Holston River to Cobb Island, and up the Nolichucky River and Little Pigeon Creek in Tennessee and along the Clinch River in Virginia.[4]

Characteristics

The Dallas Phase settlements typically have one to three

  • The Archaeology of Everyday Life at Early Moundville Gregory D. Wilson
  • South Appalachian and Protohistoric Mortuary Practices in Southwestern North Carolina

External links

  • Harle, Michaelyn S. "Biological Affinities and the Construction of Cultural Identity for the Proposed Coosa Chiefdom." University of Tennessee. Trace: Tennessee Research and Creative Exchange. 2010.
  • Peregrine, Peter Neal. Archaeology of the Mississippian Culture: A Research Guide. Taylor and Francis, 1996. ISBN 0-8153-0336-X.
  • Sullivan, Lynne P. and Susan C. Prezzano, eds. Archaeology of the Appalachian Highlands. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2001. ISBN 1-57233-142-9.

References

  1. ^ Sullivan and Prezzano 201
  2. ^ a b Sullivan and Prezzano 281
  3. ^ Sullivan and Prezzano 220
  4. ^ a b Sullivan and Prezzano 208
  5. ^ Peregrine 49
  6. ^ Harle 79
  7. ^ Sullivan and Prezzano 203
  8. ^ Harle 81
  9. ^ Sullivan and Prezzano 204
  10. ^ Sullivan and Prezzano 218
  11. ^ Harle 7
  12. ^ Harle 47
  13. ^ Mitchem, Jeffrey M. (2008-11-13). "Mississippian copper artifacts from Arkansas". Southeastern Archaeological Conference. Charlotte, North Carolina. 
  14. ^ Harle 59
  15. ^ Peregrine 86
  16. ^ Sullivan and Prezzano 285
  17. ^ Harle 50

Notes

See also

In the same region, the Hiwassee Island Phase ran from 1000–1250 CE, followed by Early Dallas from 1250–1450 CE. Late Dallas ranged from 1450–1650 CE, which was followed by the Overhill Cherokee and Mouse Creek Phases.[2]

Dates

Overhill Cherokee sites, such as Citico (40Mr7), Hiwassee Old Town (40Pk3), and Chilhowee (40Bt7) have Dallas Phase artifacts;[16] however, the Dallas Phase is associated with ancestral Muscogee Creek peoples.[17]

Dallas Phase sites include the following:

Sign for McMahan Indian Mound

Sites

Dallas Ware pottery was tempered with mussel shells and featured lugs, incised decoration, notched fillets, and strap handles.[9] Two distinct styles were Dallas Plain and Dallas Cordmarked.[10]

Ceramics

Dallas peoples built "large log houses."[7] Their towns had central plazas, surrounded by winter and summer homes.[8]

[6]

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