In mathematics, a definite quadratic form is a quadratic form over some real vector space V that has the same sign (always positive or always negative) for every nonzero vector of V. According to that sign, the quadratic form is called positive definite or negative definite.
A semidefinite (or semidefinite) quadratic form is defined in the same way, except that "positive" and "negative" are replaced by "not negative" and "not positive", respectively. An indefinite quadratic form is one that takes on both positive and negative values.
More generally, the definition applies to a vector space over an ordered field.^{[1]}
Associated symmetric bilinear form
Quadratic forms correspond in onetoone way to symmetric bilinear forms over the same space. A symmetric bilinear form is also described as definite, semidefinite, etc. according to its associated quadratic form. A quadratic form Q and its associated symmetric bilinear form B are related by the following equations:
 $\backslash ,\; Q(x)\; =\; B(x,x)$
 $\backslash ,\; B(x,y)\; =\; B(y,x)\; =\; \backslash tfrac\{1\}\{2\}\; (Q(x\; +\; y)\; \; Q(x)\; \; Q(y))$
Example
As an example, let V = ℝ^{2}, and consider the quadratic form
 $Q(x)=c\_1\{x\_1\}^2+c\_2\{x\_2\}^2\; \backslash ,$
where x = (x_{1}, x_{2}) and c_{1} and c_{2} are constants. If c_{1} > 0 and c_{2} > 0, the quadratic form Q is positive definite. If one of the constants is positive and the other is zero, then Q is positive semidefinite. If c_{1} > 0 and c_{2} < 0, then Q is indefinite.
See also
References
 Nathanael Leedom Ackerman (2006) University of California, Berkeley.



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