World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Defter

Article Id: WHEBN0000885859
Reproduction Date:

Title: Defter  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Demographic history of Jerusalem, List of Ottoman Ministers of Finance, Taxation in the Ottoman Empire, Gorani people, Pavlo-Kurtik
Collection: Defter, Government of the Ottoman Empire
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Defter

A defter (plural: defterler) was a type of tax register and land cadastre in the Ottoman Empire.

The information collected could vary, but tahrir defterleri typically included details of villages, dwellings, household heads (adult males and widows), ethnicity/religion (because these could affect tax liabilities/exemptions), and land use.[1] The defter-i hakâni was a land registry, also used for tax purposes.[2] Each town had a defter and typically an officiator or someone in an administrative role to determine if the information should be recorded. The officiator was usually some kind of learned man who had knowledge of state regulations. The defter was used to record family interactions such as marriage and inheritance. [3] These records are useful for historians because such information allows for a more in-depth understanding of land ownership among Ottomans. This is particularly helpful when attempting to study the daily affairs of Ottoman citizens.

Some Ottoman officials responsible for these tax registries were known as defterdars.

The term is derived from Greek diphthera διφθέρα meaning book (having pages of goat parchment, used along with papyrus as paper in Ancient Greece) borrowed into Arabic دفتر: daftar meaning book.

The term 'diphtheria' or 'diphtheritis', acute contagious disease caused by Corynebacterium diphtheriae (Klebs-Loffler bacillus) has the same origin.[4]

References

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ Cleveland, W. L. (2004). A history of the modern Middle East. Boulder, Colo: Westview Press.
  4. ^ thefreedictionary.com
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.