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Denmark–Ethiopia relations


Denmark–Ethiopia relations

Denmark-Ethiopia relations
Map indicating locations of Denmark and Ethiopia



Denmark–Ethiopia relations refers to the current and historical relations between Denmark and Ethiopia. Denmark has an embassy in Addis Ababa,[1] and Ethiopia is represented in Denmark through its embassy in London.[2] Diplomatic relations were established in the 1960s and since then the relations between Denmark and Ethiopia has had their ups and downs.[3] In 2008, Ethiopian export to Denmark amounted 6,5 million DKK, while Danish export amounted 40,3 million DKK. Denmark provides aid and assistance to Ethiopia through the Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA).[4] Ethiopia is a partner country for the DANIDA.[5]

In 1954, Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie visited Denmark on a state visit, and the Danish government awarded him the highest order of Denmark, the Order of the Elephant.[6] Danish Foreign Minister Per Stig Møller and Defence Minister Søren Gade visited Ethiopia in 2004, to meet the chairman of the African Union in Abbis Ababa.[7] In 2007, Danish Development Minister Ulla Tørnæs visited the Semien Wollo Zone.[8]


  • History 1
  • Danish assistance 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4


Many Danish missionaries and traders visited Ethiopia through the 20th century. Danes and other Scandinavians helped with the building of the Ethiopian Evangelical Church Mekane Yesus.[9] In June 1935, just before the Second Italo-Abyssinian War, Denmark had stopped the shipments of arms to Ethiopia,[10][11] and prevented Ethiopia from buying munitions.[12] When the war started, Denmark lifted their ban and ended their embargo.[13][14] In 1950, Denmark and 15 other countries voted for a united Eritrea and Ethiopia under Haile Selassie in the United Nations.[15] During the 1983–1985 famine in Ethiopia, Denmark with Norway contributed a total of 27,5 million dollars.[16]

After the Eritrean–Ethiopian War from 1998 to 2000, Denmark sent 320 soldiers to the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea to monitor a ceasefire in the border war.[17]

In April 2001, Danish Foreign Minister Mogens Lykketoft visited Ethiopia and called for the strengthen of its relations with Ethiopia.[18]

Denmark opened an embassy in Ethiopia in 2004[9] and in November 2011, Ethiopia signed an air service agreement with Denmark.[19]

Danish assistance

Danish NGO DanChurchAid assisted with a budget on 17 million DKK for a soil and water conservation programme in Dire Dawa. Since 1994, Denmark assisted with 2,3 million dollars for a fuelwood plantation project in Ethiopia.[20] From 1992 to 1994, Denmark provided 80 million DKK to Ethiopia for the reconstruction of the country.[21] From 2004 to 2008, Denmark provided more than 140 million DKK to Ethiopia.[22] In 2008 and 2009, the Danish aid to Ethiopia amounted 100 million DKK.[23] During the 2011 East Africa drought in Ethiopia and neighboring countries, Denmark has contributed with 130 million DKK to the region.[24]


  1. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark. "Danish embassy in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia". Retrieved 27 December 2011. 
  2. ^ "Diplomatic Missions in Denmark". Government of Denmark.  
  3. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ethiopia. "Bilateral relations [search for Denmark]". Retrieved 27 December 2011. 
  4. ^ "Landefakta Etiopien" (in Danish). WayBack Machine. Retrieved 27 December 2011. 
  5. ^ "Afrika". Retrieved 27 December 2011. 
  6. ^ "Haile Selassie". Berlingske (in Danish). 21 February 2011. Retrieved 27 December 2011. 
  7. ^ "2 danske ministre til Sudan og Etiopien - Per Stig vil underskrive aftale om 72 mio. kr. til programmet Afrika for Fred". Ulandsnyt. 19 November 2004. Retrieved 27 December 2011. 
  8. ^ Folkekirkens Nødhjælp (21 June 2007). "Danish Minister of Development visits Ethiopia". Retrieved 27 December 2011. 
  9. ^ a b Folkekirkens Nødhjælp (4 October 2005). "Udviklingsbistand gør en forskel for Etiopiens fattigste". Folkekirkens Nødhjælp (in Danish). Retrieved 27 December 2011. 
  10. ^ "Italo - Ethiopia".  
  11. ^ "War proceeds as report from League of Nations clears Ethiopians".  
  12. ^ "ETHIOPIA CHARGES ARMS WERE HELD UP; Emperor Says France, Belgium, Denmark and Czechoslovakia Blocked Shipments.".  
  13. ^ "Denmark to Lift Ban on Ethiopia".  
  14. ^ "BRITAIN WILL LIFT ETHIOPIA ARMS BAN; Awaits League Notification of Act by Assembly -- Denmark Also to End Embargo.".  
  15. ^ "Ethiopia, Eritrea to merge" 14.  
  16. ^ Kurt Jansson, Michael Harris, Angela Penrose (1990). The Ethiopian famine. Zed Books. p. 219. Retrieved 27 December 2011. 
  17. ^ "Moralens vogtere".  
  18. ^ "Ethiopia: Danish foreign minister arrives in Addis Ababa". BBC Monitoring. 24 April 2001. Retrieved 27 December 2011. 
  19. ^ "Ethiopia Signs Air Service Agreement with 11 Countries". 4 November 2011. Retrieved 27 December 2011. 
  20. ^ "UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION TO COMBAT DESERTIFICATION: Report from Denmark". April 2000. Retrieved 24 June 2011. 
  21. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark. "Bekendtgørelse om overenskomst af 20. november 1992 med Etiopien om dansk overgangsbistand til genopbygning af landet" (in Danish). Retsinformation. Retrieved 27 December 2011. 
  22. ^ "Vagthund: Bistand til Etiopien bruges til at undertrykke oppositionen". Ulandsnyt. Retrieved 27 December 2011. 
  23. ^ "Danidas årsberetning 2009" (in Danish). Retrieved 27 December 2011. 
  24. ^ "Danmark sender yderligere nødhjælp til hungersnøden på Afrikas Horn". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark. 4 August 2011. Retrieved 27 December 2011. 

External links

  • "Danish Ethiopian Mission". Retrieved 27 December 2011. 
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