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Deputy Director for Operations

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Title: Deputy Director for Operations  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, James Pavitt, Stephen Kappes, DDO, Clair George, Thomas Karamessines, John N. McMahon, Jack G. Downing, David Cohen (intelligence), Hugh Price (intelligence)
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Deputy Director for Operations

Deputy Director of Operations redirects here. The term Deputy Director of Operations (DDO) may also be used generically in business of other organizations.

The Director of the National Clandestine Service (D/NCS) is a senior United States government official in the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency who serves as head of the National Clandestine Service (formerly the Directorate of Operations).

The position was established December 1, 1950 and from January 4, 1951 until March 1, 1973 it was known as Deputy Director for Plans (DDP). The position was then known as Deputy Director for Operations (DDO) until October 13, 2005 when, under the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004, the position was upgraded to D/NCS.

Director Tenure President(s) served under
Allen W. Dulles January 4, 1951 – August 23, 1951 Harry S. Truman
Frank G. Wisner August 23, 1951 – January 1, 1959 Harry S. Truman
Dwight D. Eisenhower
70px Richard M. Bissell, Jr. January 1, 1959 – February 17, 1962 Dwight D. Eisenhower
John F. Kennedy
Richard M. Helms February 17, 1962 – April 28, 1965 John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
Desmond Fitzgerald June 28, 1965 – July 23, 1967 Lyndon B. Johnson
Thomas H. Karamessines July 31, 1967 – February 27, 1973 Lyndon B. Johnson
Richard Nixon
William E. Colby March 2, 1973 – August 24, 1973 Richard Nixon
William E. Nelson August 24, 1973 – May 14, 1976 Richard Nixon
Gerald Ford
William W. Wells May 15, 1976 – December 31, 1977 Gerald Ford
Jimmy Carter
John N. McMahon January 11, 1978 – April 12, 1981 Jimmy Carter
Ronald Reagan
Max Hugel May 11, 1981 – July 14, 1981 Ronald Reagan
John H. Stein July 14, 1981 – July 1, 1984
Clair E. George July 1, 1984 – December 1, 1987
Richard F. Stolz January 4, 1988 – December 31, 1990 Ronald Reagan
George H. W. Bush
Thomas A. Twetten January 1, 1991 – December 1993 George H. W. Bush
Bill Clinton
Hugh E. Price January 1994–1995 Bill Clinton
David Cohen 1995–1997
Jack G. Downing 1997 – July 1999
James Pavitt August 1999 – June 4, 2004 Bill Clinton
George W. Bush
Stephen Kappes August 2004 – November 2004 George W. Bush
Jose A. Rodriguez, Jr. November 16, 2004 – September 30, 2007
Michael Sulick September 30, 2007 – July 2010 George W. Bush
Barack Obama
John D. Bennett July 2010 – February 2013 Barack Obama


  • John Glenn, Select Senate Committee on Intelligence.
  • "CIA plans riskier, more aggressive espionage," USA Today, 17 November 2004.
  • Director Leon E. Panetta Announces New National Clandestine Service Chief, press release dated July 21, 2010.

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