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Kingdom of Diaokhi


12th century BC–8th century BC
Map of Diaokhi (12th century BC)
Capital Zua (12th - 9th century BC)
Ultu (9th - 8th century BC)
Political structure Kingdom
 •  Established 12th century BC
 •  Disestablished 8th century BC
Today part of
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Diauehi or Diaokhi, Daiaeni [1] (Ronald Grigor Suny (1994).[3]

Although the exact geographic extent of Diauehi is still unclear, many scholars place it in the toponym Sasire, near Tortomi (present-day Tortum, Turkey).[4]

This federation was powerful enough to counter the Assyrian forays, although in 1112 BC its king, Sien, was defeated by Tiglath-Pileser I. He was captured and later released on terms of vassalage. In 845 BC, Shalmaneser III finally subdued Diauehi and downgraded its king, Asia, to a client ruler.

King Asia of Diauehi (850 BC – 825 BC) was forced to submit to the Assyrian king Shalmaneser III in 845 BC, after the latter had overrun Urartu and made a foray into Diauehi. In the early 8th century, Diauehi became the target of the newly emerged regional power of Urartu. Both Menuas (810-785 BC) and Argishtis I (785-763 BC) campaigned against the Diauehi king, Utupurshi (c. 810 BC - 770 BC), annexing his southernmost possessions and forcing him to pay tribute, which included copper, silver and gold.

Diauehi was finally destroyed by Colchian incursions by about the 760s BC, the date of the last recorded references to Diauehi.


  1. ^ Henri J. M. Claessen, Peter Skalnik Walter de Gruyter (Jan 1, 1978). The Early State. Mouton Publishers. p. 259. Retrieved 27 June 2014. 
  2. ^ A. G. Sagona. Archaeology at the North-East Anatolian Frontier, p. 30.
  3. ^ Ronald Grigor Suny (1 January 1994). The Making of the Georgian Nation. Indiana University Press. pp. 6–.  
  4. ^ G. L. Kavtaradze. An Attempt to Interpret Some Anatolian and Caucasian Ethnonyms of the Classical Sources, p. 80f.

Further reading

  • Antonio Sagona, Claudia Sagona, Archaeology At The North-east Anatolian Frontier, I: An Historical Geography And A Field Survey of the Bayburt Province (Ancient Near Eastern Studies) (Hardcover), Peeters (January 30, 2005), ISBN 90-429-1390-8
  • Georgia. (2006). Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved February 14, 2006, from Encyclopædia Britannica Premium Service
  • Kavtaradze, G. L., An Attempt to Interpret Some Anatolian and Caucasian Ethnonyms of the Classical Sources, Sprache und Kultur, # 3 (Staatliche Ilia Tschawtschawadse Universitaet Tbilisi für Sprache und Kultur Institut zur Erforschung des westlichen Denkens). Tbilisi, 2002. [2]
  • Melikishvili, G. A., Diauehi. The Bulletin of Ancient History, vol. 4, 1950. (Publication in Russian)
  • (Russian) С. Д. Гоготидзе, Локализация «стран» Даиаэн-Диаоха.

See also

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