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Display technology

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Display technology


A display device is an output device for presentation of information in visual[1] or tactile form (the latter used for example in tactile electronic displays for blind people).[2] When the input information is supplied as an electrical signal, the display is called an electronic display.

Common applications for electronic visual displays are televisions or computer monitors.

Segment displays


Some displays can show only digits or alphanumeric characters. They are called segment displays, because they are composed of several segments that switch on and off to give appearance of desired glyph. The segments are usually single LEDs or liquid crystals. They are mostly used in digital watches and pocket calculators. There are several types:

Full-area 2-dimensional displays

2-dimensional displays that cover a full area (usually a rectangle) are also called video displays, since it's the main modality of presenting video.

Applications

Full-area 2-dimensional displays are used in, for example:

Underlying technologies

Underlying technologies for full-area 2-dimensional displays include:

Three dimensional

Mechanical types

  • Ticker tape (historical)
  • Split-flap display (or simply flap display)
  • Flip-disc display (or flip-dot display)
  • Rollsign
  • Tactile electronic displays (aka refreshable Braille display) are usually intended for the blind. They use electro-mechanical parts to dynamically update a tactile image (usually of text) so that the image may be felt by the fingers.
    • Optacon, using metal rods instead of light in order to convey images to blind people by tactile sensation.
  • Idiot lights, the "Check Engine" light on an automobile dashboard is the quintessential idiot light, giving only the information that something is amiss, but not what particular subsystem or component, nor how urgent the problem is. Neither does it give any information about issues that may be still within acceptable limits, but trending towards failure.

History

In the history of display technology, a variety of display devices and technologies have been used.

See also

References

External links

  • Society for Information Display - An international professional organization dedicated to the study of display technology
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