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Divine Science

Church of Divine Science
Book plate from the First Church of Divine Science
Classification Divine Science
Orientation New Thought
Associations Affiliated New Thought Network, International New Thought Alliance
Origin 1888
San Francisco, California
Official website Official Website
Part of a series of articles on
New Thought
  • Religion portal

The Church of Divine Science is a religious movement within the wider New Thought movement. The group was formalized in San Francisco in the 1880s under Malinda Cramer. "In March 1888 Cramer and her husband Frank chartered the 'Home College of Spiritual Science.' Two months later Cramer changed the name of her school to the 'Home College of Divine Science.'" [1] during the dramatic growth of the New Thought Movement in the United States.

The church's official founders were Malinda Cramer and Nona L. Brooks,[2] with Fannie Brooks James, Alethea Brooks Small and Kate Bingham also playing decisive roles.[3] Both Phineas Parkhurst Quimby[4] and Emma Curtis Hopkins, noted New Thought leader of the day, were a direct influence. Nona Brooks was introduced to Hopkins's teachings through a student of Hopkins in Pueblo, Colorado.[5] This student was most likely Kate Bingham who lived in Pueblo and was the second wife of Frank Bingham, a noted rancher. Kate Bingham had been exposed to the tenets of Christian Science on a trip she had made to Chicago in the 1870s. A doctor in Pueblo had told a pregnant Kate that if she gave birth, she would die. Kate then went East to have her pregnancy terminated, there being no doctors in Colorado who could perform the operation at that time. While on the train to Chicago, Kate met a Christian Scientist who told her she would be able to give birth if she properly prepared her mind and spirit. In the end, Kate had the child at the home of her Christian Scientist friend (and was later to have three more children in Pueblo). When Kate returned home from her trip, she spoke about Christian Science to some of her friends, including Nona Brooks, and the women began to have weekly meetings at 318 West 9th Street in Pueblo, the winter home of the family who owned the Hopkins-Bingham ranch. The women consciously set about to adapt Christian Science philosophy to what they felt was a more pragmatic application of the Divine Spirit. For instance, Divine Science, instead of solely relying on prayer and positive thinking, permitted the consultation of medical professionals.

After the San Francisco earthquake of 1906 and the death of Malinda Cramer, the headquarters moved back to Colorado, establishing its headquarters in Denver, later to move the base of its operations to Pueblo.

Beliefs

Divine Science defines itself as "an organized teaching pertaining to God and the manifestation of God in Creation." It holds that its foundation truth is "that limitless Being, God, is Good, is equally present everywhere, and is the All of everything." It defines God as "pure Spirit, absolute, changeless, eternal, manifesting in and as all Creation, yet also transcending Creation" and that evil is therefore neither necessary nor permanent and has no reality within itself, but has existence only so long as human beings support it by believing in it.[6] Like other New Thought churches, Divine Science considers healing very important, and emulates the work of Jesus Christ, who in the New Testament cures many people. The Denver Church's founder, Nona Brooks, stated, "The whole of Divine Science is the practice of the Presence of God. Truth comes through the Bible, Affirmative prayer, contemplation and meditation and the practice of the presence of God here and now."[7]

Churches and outreach

After its foundation in 1888, by 1918 there were Divine Science churches in Denver, Seattle, Los Angeles, Oakland, Boston, Portland, Spokane, Saint Louis and New York. By 1925 churches had opened in Los Angeles, San Diego, Sacramento, Topeka, Washington D.C., Cleveland, Illinois, and Iowa.[8] Today, Divine Science has churches in Denver (the founding church), Washington D.C., Greater St. Louis (three churches), Roanoke, Virginia (two churches), San Antonio, Texas, Pueblo, Colorado, San Jose, California, and other locations.[9]

According to published data, there were 7,000 members in 1935 and 7,107 in 1953, but subsequent figures are not available.[10] In recent years, Divine Science, with few site-based churches, has expanded its presence through cyber-ministries and e-mail ministries. Northwoods Resources in Wisconsin provides many materials online. In addition, "Symphony of Love" in Santa Fe issues a weekly e-mail lesson free of charge, and has an international outreach. Symphony of Love is a group member of the Divine Science Federation, the denominational headquarters, and the INTA: International New Thought Alliance. In addition, there is a Web-based ministry in New York State focusing on the teachings and legacy of Emmet Fox, a Divine Science minister who preached at the First Church of Divine Science in New York City. His became the largest church audience in the U.S. during the Depression,[8] and held weekly services for 5,500 at the New York Hippodrome until 1938,[11] and after that at Carnegie Hall.[12]

Influences

Many New Thought leaders have been associated with Divine Science, including Charles Fillmore and Myrtle Fillmore founders of Unity Church, and Ernest Holmes and Fenwicke Holmes, both of whom were ordained Divine Science ministers who would go on to found Religious Science.[13]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Sattler, p98
  2. ^ Albanese (2007, p.316); Haley (1995, p.326)
  3. ^ Wessinger et al. (2006, p.758).
  4. ^ Hazen (2000, p.113)
  5. ^ History of Divine Science, Divine Science Federation
  6. ^ Divine Science Church of Denver.
  7. ^ College of Divine Science website, accessed August 2008.
  8. ^ a b Sattler, p. 102.
  9. ^ Divine Science Links Links to affiliated Divine Science churches, schools, and study groups throughout the world
  10. ^ [1] National Council of Churches Historic Archive.
  11. ^ "New Thought". Time magazine. November 7, 1938. 
  12. ^ Gale Publishing Group (1999)
  13. ^ Glenn R. Mosley (2006) Templeton Foundation Press, New Thought, Ancient Widom p.47

References

  • Albanese, Catherine L. (2007). A Republic of Mind and Spirit: A Cultural History of American Metaphysical Religion. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. ISBN . OCLC 68221008. 
  • Gale Publishing Group, "Emmet Fox" in Religious Leaders of America, 2nd ed. Gale Group, 1999. Reproduced in Biography Resource Center. Farmington Hills, Mich.: Gale, 2008., accessed June 2008.
  • Haley, Gail (1995). "New Thought and the Harmonial Family". In Timothy Miller (ed.). America's Alternative Religions. SUNY series in religious studies. Albany: State University of New York Press. pp. 325–330. ISBN . OCLC 30476551. 
  • Hazen, Craig James (2000). The Village Enlightenment in America: Popular Religion and Science in the Nineteenth Century. Urbana: University of Illinois Press. ISBN . OCLC 41156302. 
  • Sattler, Beryl (1999). Each Mind a Kingdom: American Women, Sexual Purity, and the New Thought Movement, 1875–1920. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN . OCLC 39654723. 
  • Wessinger, Catherine; Dell deChant and William Michael Ashcraft (2006). "Theosophy, New Thought and New Age Movements". In Rosemary Skinner Keller and Rosemary Radford Ruether (eds.), Marie Cantlon (associate ed.). Encyclopedia of Women and Religion in North America, vol. 2. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. pp. 753–767. ISBN . OCLC 61711172. 

Further reading

  • Bainbridge, William Sims (November 2004). "Religion and science". Futures (Amsterdam and London: Elsevier Science) 36 (9): 1009–1023. ISSN 0016-3287. OCLC 198488307. doi:10.1016/j.futures.2004.02.003. 
  • Hanegraaff, Wouter (1996). New Age Religion and Western Culture: Esotericism in the Mirror of Secular Thought. Studies in the history of religions, vol. 72. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill Publishers. ISBN . OCLC 35229227. 
  • Holmes, Ernest (1991). Living the Science of Mind. Marina del Rey, CA: DeVorss & Co. ISBN . OCLC 23177601. 
  • Lucas, Phillip (1995). "The Association for Research and Enlightenment: Saved by the New Age". In Timothy Miller (ed.). America's Alternative Religions. SUNY series in religious studies. Albany: State University of New York Press. pp. 353–362. ISBN . OCLC 30476551. 
  • Stark, Rodney; William Sims Bainbridge (December 1980). "Secularization and Cult Formation in the Jazz Age". Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion (Washington, DC: Society for the Scientific Study of Religion) 20 (4): 360–373. ISSN 0021-8294. JSTOR 1386184. OCLC 1783125. doi:10.2307/1386184. 

External links

  • Statistical Profile of Divine Science at ARDA

Divine Science organizations

  • Official website of the Church of Divine Science
  • Divine Science Writings Index
  • Divine Science Ministers' Association
  • Official website of First Divine Science Church of St. Louis, Missouri
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