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Drancy

Article Id: WHEBN0000504296
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Title: Drancy  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Le Blanc-Mesnil, Aubervilliers, JA Drancy, Drancy internment camp, Les Pavillons-sous-Bois
Collection: Communes of Seine-Saint-Denis
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Drancy

Drancy
Coat of arms of Drancy
Coat of arms
Paris and inner ring departments
Paris and inner ring departments
Coordinates:
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Seine-Saint-Denis
Arrondissement Bobigny
Canton Drancy
Intercommunality Aéroport du Bourget
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Jean-Christophe Lagarde (NC)
Area1 7.76 km2 (3.00 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 66,410
 • Density 8,600/km2 (22,000/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 93029 / 93700
Elevation 39–54 m (128–177 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Drancy (French pronunciation: ​) is a commune in the northeastern suburbs of Paris in the Seine-Saint-Denis department in northern France. It is located 10.8 km (6.7 mi) from the center of Paris.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Toponomy 1.1
    • Origins to 20th century 1.2
    • 20th and 21st centuries 1.3
  • Population 2
    • Immigration 2.1
    • Heraldry 2.2
  • Geography and cityscape 3
    • Climate 3.1
    • Architecture 3.2
    • Park and Castle of Ladoucette 3.3
  • Administration 4
  • Transport 5
    • Railways and buses 5.1
    • Roads 5.2
  • International relations 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

History

Toponomy

The name Drancy comes from Medieval Latin Derenciacum, and before that Terentiacum, meaning "estate of Terentius", a Gallo-Roman landowner.

Origins to 20th century

In the 17th century, Drancy was divided into two distinct villages: Drancy le Grand and le Petit Drancy. The quarter "Village Parisien" is built on the old location of the hamlet of Groslay which was surrounded by the forest of Bondy — hence the name of rue des Bois de Groslay.

The end of nineteenth century was marked by the industrialisation and by the development of rail transports. During the Franco-Prussian war, Le Bourget was the site of an important battle and the castle of Ladoucette in Drancy was destroyed.

20th and 21st centuries

During the second world war, Drancy was the site of the Drancy internment camp where Jews, Gypsies, and others were held before being shipped to the Nazi concentration camps. In 1976, the Memorial to the Deportation at Drancy was created by sculptor Shlomo Selinger to commemorate the French Jews imprisoned in the camp.

Population

Immigration

Place of birth of residents of Drancy in 1999
Born in Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France
75.0% 25.0%
Born in
Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth¹ EU-15 immigrants² Non-EU-15 immigrants
2.1% 2.2% 6.1% 14.6%
¹This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as pieds-noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.
²An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Heraldry

arms of Drancy
The arms of Drancy are blazoned :
Azure, on a chevron Or a gothic letter 'D' sable at its summit, between two mullets and a sheep passant argent.



Geography and cityscape

Climate

  Data climate for Le Bourget (Seine-Saint-Denis) 1971-2000[1][2]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Déc Year
Average low °C 0,9 1,3 2,9 5 8,3 11,2 12,9 12,7 10,6 7,7 3,8 1,7 6,6
Average °C 4 4,5 7,3 9,7 13,7 16,5 18,9 18,8 15,5 11,5 7 5 11,9
Average high °C 6 7,6 10,8 14,4 18,2 21,5 24 23,8 20,9 16 10,1 6,8 15
Precipitation mm 54.3 46.1 53.5 46.5 63.3 57.8 53.6 51.6 53.8 55.5 55.8 55.6 647.3
Sunshine hours 55.6 87.5 129.4 172.8 201.4 218.8 239.1 221.1 173.3 125.8 75.2 50.6 1749.5

Architecture

Drancy's buildings are too diverse to be characterised by any particular architectural style. We can see traditional houses from different periods. Some of them with a style Art Nouveau are typical of the 19th and 20th centuries. We can see housing estates and a garden city. Most recently, full of small buildings were built.

Park and Castle of Ladoucette

The parc de Ladoucette.

The parc de Ladoucette[3] is the only park of Drancy. It contains a pond, a small educational farm and the castle of Ladoucette. The castle was built in 1533 by Pierre Séguier. In the 19th century, the castle was the property of the senator Charles-Loetitia de Ladoucette, in 1874 his wife, la baronne de Ladoucette dies and her body was placed in the Mausoleum de la baronne de Ladoucette, today she is buling in the parisian cimetery.

Administration

Part of the commune form the canton of Drancy. The other part belongs to the canton of Le Bourget.

Transport

Railway station of Drancy

Railways and buses

Drancy is in Zone 3 of the Carte orange. The city is served by Le Bourget station and by Drancy station on Paris RER line B. Le Bourget station is situated near Drancy.[4] The RER B is one of the five lines in the RER Rapid transit system serving Paris and its suburbs.

Drancy is also served by the Paris Tramway Line 1 with five stops[5] and by twelve buses.

By the RER B, Drancy is near many parisian railway stations, Gare du Nord is now just 10 minutes away, gare Saint-Lazare and gare de Lyon can be reached in 30 minutes. Charles de Gaulle Airport can be reached in 30 minutes too.

Roads

Drancy is served by the A3 motorway and the A86 motorway.

International relations

Drancy is twinned with:

Willenhall
Eisenhüttenstadt
Gorée

See also

References

  • INSEE
  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ Nicolas Grenier, french poet, has written a poem about this parc de Ladoucette
  4. ^
  5. ^

External links

  • Official website
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