World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Duke of Amalfi

Article Id: WHEBN0004989381
Reproduction Date:

Title: Duke of Amalfi  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: John III of Amalfi, Sergius I of Amalfi, Sergius III of Amalfi, Guaimar IV of Salerno, Mastalus I of Amalfi
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Duke of Amalfi

The medieval Republic of Amalfi was ruled, in the tenth and eleventh centuries, by a series of dukes (Latin: duces), sometimes called dogi (singular doge) in analogy to the Republic of Venice, a maritime rival of the time. Before the dukedom was officially created in 957, there was a series of patricians. The Amalfitan duchy was one of the earliest maritime republics renowned throughout the Mediterranean, a trading city rivaling the cities of the north.

Contents

  • Early rulers 1
    • Prefects (839–914) 1.1
    • Patricians (914–957) 1.2
  • Dukes 2
    • Independent dukes (957–1073) 2.1
    • Norman domination 2.2
    • Neapolitan dukes (1388–1673) 2.3
    • Spanish duke 2.4
  • Sources 3

Early rulers

Prefects (839–914)

The time of the prefecture is not well known. The first elected ruler of the city was a prefect (839).

Patricians (914–957)

The time of the patricians (or judges) is not well known. The numbering of the rulers of Amalfi usually begins again with the judgeship. Mastalus was elected judge upon his succession in 914.

Dukes

Independent dukes (957–1073)

Mastalus was elected duke on his coming of age, but died the next year. A new dynasty was then inaugurated. It reigned uninterrupted for the next 115 years, except during the period 1039–1052, when the duke of Salerno conquered the duchy.

Norman domination

Amalfi was conquered by Robert Guiscard, duke of Apulia. At some point, his son Guy was made duke. Nevertheless, Amalfi rebelled twice, once electing the former prince of Salerno, Gisulf, and once electing a Neapolitan of that ducal family.

A certain Manso was ruling in Amalfi—and minting his own coins there—with the title of vicedux (viceduke) sometime between 1077 and 1096, most probably during the reign of Robert's son Roger Borsa. Manso recognised Norman overlordship and was probably a Norman appointee.

Neapolitan dukes (1388–1673)

The title "Duke of Amalfi" (Duca di Amalfi in Italian) was revived in the Kingdom of Naples in the late 14th century. It passed to the Piccolomini in 1461.

Spanish duke

In the 20th century the title Duque de Amalfi was revived by Alfonso XIII of Spain:

Sources

  • Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani. Rome, 1960–Present.
  • Skinner, Patricia. Family Power in Southern Italy: The Duchy of Gaeta and its Neighbours, 850-1139. Cambridge University Press: 1995.
  • Chalandon, Ferdinand. Histoire de la domination normande en Italie et en Sicilie. Paris, 1907.
  • Gay, Jules. L'Italie méridionale et l'empire Byzantin: Livre II. Burt Franklin: New York, 1904.
  • Stasser, Thierry. "Où sont les femmes?" Prosopon: The Journal of Prosopography. 2006.
  • Medieval Lands Project: Southern Italy — Amalfi.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.