World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0002613897
Reproduction Date:

Title: Duqqa  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Egyptian cuisine, Cayenne pepper, Paprika, Cumin, Capsicum
Collection: Condiments, Dips (Food), Egyptian Cuisine, Herb and Spice Mixtures, Palestinian Cuisine
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Type Dip
Course Side dish or hors d'œuvre
Place of origin Egypt
Region or state Egypt and Gaza Strip
Main ingredients Herbs, nuts (probably hazelnut), spices
Cookbook: Duqqa 

Duqqa[spelling 1] (Egyptian Arabic: دقة  pronounced ) is an Egyptian condiment consisting of a mixture of herbs, nuts (usually hazelnut), and spices. It is typically used as a dip with bread or fresh vegetables for an hors d'œuvre. Pre-made versions of duqqa can be bought in the spice markets of Cairo, with the simplest version being crushed mint, salt and pepper which are sold in paper cones. The packaged variety is found in markets that is composed of parched wheat flour mixed with cumin and caraway.

The word is derived from the Arabic for "to pound" since the mixture of spices and nuts are pounded together after being dry roasted to a texture that is neither powdered nor paste-like. The actual composition of the spice mix can vary from family to family, vendor to vendor though there are common ingredients, such as sesame, coriander, cumin, salt and pepper. Reference to a 19th-century text lists marjoram, mint, zaatar and chickpeas as further ingredients that can be used in the mixture. A report from 1978 indicates that even further ingredients can be used, such as nigella, millet flour and dried cheese. Some commercial variants include pine nuts, pumpkin seeds or sunflower seeds.

Duqqa is now becoming popular in some countries outside of Egypt. In the US, its gained exposure through such TV shows as Top Chef, Chopped and Iron Chef America. In Australia several companies now make it in a variety of flavours. It has become popular in the past ten years, probably due to recent Lebanese and Arabic immigration as well as television cooking shows such as SBS Food. It can be found in supermarkets, specialty stores and many farmers' markets.


  • See also 1
  • Notes 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

See also


  1. ^ Also spelled: dakka, dukkah, dukka


  • Alan Davidson, Oxford Companion to Food (1999), "Duqqa", p. 260 ISBN 0-19-211579-0
  • Ana Sortun, Spice: Flavors of the Eastern Mediterranean ISBN 978-0-06-079228-2, ISBN 0-06-079228-0

External links

  • A recipe for dukka containing pistachios, cashews, and coconut.
  • A recipe from
  • A recipe for dukka featured on the Australian ABC television programme "The Cook and the Chef."
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.