World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Ekagrata

Article Id: WHEBN0041918859
Reproduction Date:

Title: Ekagrata  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Krishna, Vaishnavism, Indian philosophy, Samkhyapravachana Sutra, Sakayanya
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Ekagrata

Ekāgratā (Sanskrit: एकाग्रता, "one-pointedness") is intent pursuit of one object, close and undisturbed attention. [1] Yoga emphasises regular practice (Abhyasa) meditation and self-imposed discipline to acquire ekagrata.

Overview

The faculty called Ekāgratā may be increased by integrating the psycho-mental flux (sarvārthatā or variously-directed, discontinuous, and diffuse attention) so that one gains genuine will[2] and a happiness different from the experience of pleasure from sense-objects.[3] It is harder to achieve if the body is in a tiring or uncomfortable posture or if the breathing is improper.[4]

Austerity (tapas) is allied to this conception of ekagrata[5]

Badarayana's Brahma Sutras (chapter 3) uses the term to mean concentration: it is held to be a quality resulting from practices discussed in the previous chapter,which are briefly mentioned in the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad and Chandogya Upanishad.[6]

According to the Bhagavad Gita the seeker after Truth should meditate with his mind fixed on the Lord (machchittāh) and absorbed in Him (matparāh). This is ekagrata. The term nityayuktāh refers to devotees who keep their mind fixed on God uninterruptedly.[7]

Patanjali highlights the importance of continuous practice of prescribed methods to gain ekagrata, the state of the meditative mind free of diverted attention etc.; and thereafter explains that:-

ततः पुनःशान्तोदितौ तुल्यप्रत्ययौ चित्तस्यैकाग्रतापरिणामः | - Yoga Sutra III.12

intentness on a single point (ekagrata) of the thinking principle (citta) gives rise to equilibrium of placid states (previously accumulated impressions) and aroused states (present eagerness to gain more knowledge), which are modifications (of the mind). These two states of mind remain unchanged and are brought to the state of stillness.[8] Ekagrata and dharana do not differ from each other, or else dharana is achieving and maintaining ekagrata.[9] Dharana converges on a particular concept or object. In the state of ekagrata there is clarity and right direction: yoga begins with ekagrata and culminates in nirodha, a consciousness free of movement.[10] Dharana gives the ability to see one’s own mind, one starts looking inwards deeply.[11] If ekagrata is lost the full power of intention to achieve goals to be achieved is lost. Intentions afflicted by doubts, fears and reactive thoughts break and diffuse the energy of intentions.[12] The mind which is the cause of Sankalpa ('notion')-Vikalpa ('alternative') must be controlled, it must be bound. Ekagrata assists in keeping one’s own mind bound and still.

References

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.