Emperor zhuangzong of later tang

Chinese Emperor
Li Cunxu
Birth and death
Birth date December 2, 885[1][2]
Death date May 25, 926[2][3]
Family name (李)
Given name Cúnxù (存勗)
Dates of reign (1st) February 23, 908[2][4]
(as Prince of Jin)/
May 13, 923[2][5]
(as Emperor of Later Tang)–May 25, 926
Dynasty Jin/Later Tang Dynasty
Era name Tóngguāng (同光)
Era dates May 13, 923–June 11, 926[2][3]
Temple name Zhuāngzōng (莊宗)
Posthumous name:
Emperor Guāngshèng Shénmǐn Xiào

Emperor Zhuangzong of Later Tang (Chinese: 後唐莊宗), personal name Li Cunxu (Chinese: 李存勖 or 李存勗; pinyin: Lǐ Cúnxù), nickname Yazi (亞子), was the Prince of Jin (908-923) and later became Emperor of Later Tang (923–926).[6] He was the son of Li Keyong.

Li Cunxu was successful in overthrowing the Later Liang Dynasty in 923 and proclaimed himself emperor of the Later Tang Dynasty, which he referred to as the “Restored Tang.” As a part of “restoring the Tang,” the capital was moved back to the old Tang eastern capital of Luoyang.

As with all of the other dynasties of the Five Dynasties, this was a short-lived regime lasting only thirteen years. Li Cunxu himself lived only three years after the founding of the dynasty, having been killed during an officer’s rebellion led by Guō Cóngqiān (郭從謙) in 926.[6] He was succeeded by Lǐ Sìyuán(李嗣源).

Personal information

  • Father
    • Li Keyong, Prince of Jin, posthumously honored Emperor Wu
  • Mother
    • Lady Cao, initially the Lady of Jin, later the Lady Dowager of Jin, later Empress Dowager (honored 923), posthumously honored Empress Zhenjian
  • Wives
    • Lady Han, later imperial consort with the rank Shufei (淑妃)
    • Empress Liu (created 924, killed 926), mother of Prince Jiji
  • Major Concubines
    • Lady Yi, later imperial consort with the rank Defei (德妃)
    • Consort Xia, the Lady of Guo, later wife of Li Zanhua
    • Consort Hou, the Lady of Qian
    • Consort Bai, the Lady of Yi
    • Consort Deng, the Lady of Xu
    • Consort Zhang, the Lady of Liang
    • Consort Zhou, the Lady of Song
    • Consort Wu, the Lady of Yanling
    • Consort Wang, the Lady of Taiyuan
    • Consort Han, the Lady of Changli
    • Consort Zhang, the Lady of Qinghe
    • Consort Wang, the Lady of Langye
    • Consort Ma, the Lady of Fufeng
  • Children
    • Li Jiji (李繼岌), the Prince of Wei (created 925, committed suicide 926)
    • Li Jitong (李繼潼)
    • Li Jisong (李繼嵩)
    • Li Jichan (李繼蟾)
    • Li Jiyao (李繼嶢)



  • Ci hai bian ji wei yuan hui (辞海编辑委员会). Ci hai (辞海). Shanghai: Shanghai ci shu chu ban she (上海辞书出版社), 1979.
Li Cunxu
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Li Keyong
Prince of Jin/Emperor of Later Tang
Succeeded by
Li Siyuan (Emperor Mingzong)
Ruler of China (Shanxi)
Preceded by
Liu Shouguang of Yan
Ruler of China (Beijing/Tianjin/Northern Hebei)
Preceded by
Wang Chuzhi (Prince of Beiping)
Ruler of China (Baoding region) (de jure)
Preceded by
Wang Rong (de jure)/Zhang Chujin (de facto)
Ruler of China (Shijiazhuang region)
Preceded by
Zhu Zhen of Later Liang Dynasty
Ruler of China (Central)
Preceded by
Li Maozhen of Qi
Ruler of China (Baoji region) (de jure)
Preceded by
Wang Yan of Former Shu
Ruler of China (Southwestern)

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