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Erfurt Synagogue

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Erfurt Synagogue

Erfurt Synagogue
Basic information
Location Waagegasse 8, Erfurt, Germany
Geographic coordinates
Affiliation Judaism
Rite Nusach Ashkenaz
Status Museum
Website http://alte-synagoge.erfurt.de/jle/en/oldsynagogue/
Architectural description
Architectural type Synagogue
Architectural style Romanesque
Completed 1094
Specifications

The Erfurt Synagogue in Erfurt, Germany, was built c. 1100. It is thought to be the oldest synagogue building still standing in Europe.[1][2] It is used as a museum and permanently houses the Erfurt Treasure.

History of the building

The oldest parts of the building date from the 11th century and the medieval building is preserved to a remarkable degree, including the roof. The building was used for purposes other than worship for many years.

Other synagogues in Erfurt

The Erfurt Small Synagogue was built in 1840 and was used through 1884. It was restored in 1998 and is an event venue.[3] The building featured a Classically-influenced façade and interior.

In 1884 the community constructed a magnificent Moorish Revival synagogue. It was destroyed on Kristallnacht.[4]

A New Synagogue was built in 1952.[5] The New Synagogue was firebombed by a neo-Nazi group in April, 2000.[6]

Museum

The completion of the transformation of the Old Synagogue into a museum was completed in October 2009. The permanent exhibition is the Erfurt Treasure.

See also

References

  1. ^ Archeologists Discover Medieval Jewish Bath in Erfurt, 12.04.2007, Deutsche Welle, [1]
  2. ^ Treasures of the plague, Marian Campbell, Apollo Magazine, 31 August 2007 [2]
  3. ^ [3]
  4. ^ [4]
  5. ^ [5]
  6. ^ The Radical Right in Germany: 1870 to the Present, Lee McGowan, Longman, 2002, p. 199

External links

  • Museum web page

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