World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Erigavo

Article Id: WHEBN0000631406
Reproduction Date:

Title: Erigavo  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Somaliland, East Africa University, List of universities in Somalia, Puntland, Jama Korshel
Collection: Archaeological Sites in Somalia, Populated Places in Sanaag
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Erigavo

Erigavo
Ceerigaabo
إرجفو
Town
Overview of Erigavo
Overview of Erigavo
Erigavo is located in Somalia
Erigavo
Location in Somalia
Coordinates:
Country
Region Sanaag
District Erigavo
Government
 • Mayor Ismaiil Haji Nuur
Population
 • Total 41,000
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)

Erigavo (Somali: Ceerigaabo), also spelled as Erigabo, is a town in the northern Sanaag region of Somalia. It serves as the province's administrative capital.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Environment 2.1
    • Climate 2.2
  • Demographics 3
  • Education 4
  • Administration 5
  • Services 6
  • Notable residents 7
  • Notes 8
  • References 9

History

Pathway in old Erigavo.

The Erigavo settlement is several centuries old. It lies approximately 60 km from the ancient northern town of Maydh. The general area is noted for its numerous historical tombs, where various Somali clan patriarchs are buried.[1]

As of 2013, Erigavo is the administrative capital of the northern Sanaag region. It is also the center of the Erigavo District.

Geography

Environment

10 km (6 m) to the north of the town are the remains of a juniper forest,[2] running along the edge of the escarpment overlooking the Gulf of Aden. The escarpment is approximately 2,000 m (6,562 ft) above sea level, where the road from Erigavo drops down to the coast. 2 km (1.2 mi) to the west, it rises to the highest point in Somalia, Shimbiris. A popular local attraction, the summit sits at an elevation of about 2670 ft above sea level. A road also leads up from Erigavo to Mountain Daallo. At the mountain's peak, the sea can be observed in addition to the ancient town of Maydh, situated nearby.

Erigavo is also home to animal and plant species. Wildlife endemic to the area include the black-backed jackal, Dorcas gazelle, hamadryas baboon, Suidae, common dwarf mongoose, Abdim's stork, long-crested eagle and hartebeest.

Climate

Under the Köppen climate classification, Erigavo features a mild version of the semi-arid climate. The city generally sees equable temperatures year round, with some of the mildest weather in all of Somalia. Despite its location in the tropics, due to the high altitude, temperatures rarely exceed 30 degrees Celsius. Nights are frequently chilly, even during the summer season. This is a trait shared with very few places in the world; notable locations with similar climate are Sana'a in Yemen or Arequipa in Peru. The city receives on average under 400 mm of precipitation annually. Average monthly temperatures range from 14.3 C in the month of December to 19.7 C in the month of July. Absolute minimum temperatures sometimes touch or cross zero degrees Celsius isotherm.

Climate data for Erigavo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 24.5
(76.1)
25.0
(77)
25.3
(77.5)
26.1
(79)
26.4
(79.5)
25.1
(77.2)
25.0
(77)
25.0
(77)
24.5
(76.1)
24.0
(75.2)
23.5
(74.3)
23.0
(73.4)
24.78
(76.61)
Daily mean °C (°F) 15.0
(59)
16.4
(61.5)
16.9
(62.4)
18.3
(64.9)
19.2
(66.6)
19.4
(66.9)
19.7
(67.5)
19.7
(67.5)
18.6
(65.5)
16.7
(62.1)
15.5
(59.9)
14.4
(57.9)
17.48
(63.47)
Average low °C (°F) 6.7
(44.1)
7.1
(44.8)
7.6
(45.7)
10.1
(50.2)
11.0
(51.8)
12.2
(54)
14.3
(57.7)
14.2
(57.6)
11.5
(52.7)
9.0
(48.2)
8.5
(47.3)
6.5
(43.7)
9.89
(49.82)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 10
(0.39)
8
(0.31)
22
(0.87)
39
(1.54)
59
(2.32)
38
(1.5)
8
(0.31)
31
(1.22)
88
(3.46)
4
(0.16)
5
(0.2)
1
(0.04)
313
(12.32)
Source: Levoyageur Weather[3]

Demographics

Erigavo has a population of around 41,000 inhabitants.[4] The broader Erigavo District has a total population of 114,846 residents.[5]

The city is primarily inhabited by people from the Somali ethnic group, with the Warsangali and Dhulbahante clans of the Harti Darod as well as the Habr Jallo and Habr Yonis clans of the Isaaq being well-represented.[6][7] Erigavo is also inhabited by various minority clans.[7]

Education

Higher learning in Erigavo is provided by East Africa University (EAU), which has one of its six branches in the city.[8] The Sanaag University also offers tertiary courses and degrees.

Administration

Town affairs are managed by the Erigavo Municipality. The city authority is led by Mayor Mudane Ismail Haji Nuur.

Services

As of 2009, Erigavo has two hospitals serving residents, with another being constructed. The non-governmental organizations (NGOs).

Erigavo has a modern telephone system, with widespread access to landline and mobile services. The main mobile communication services in the city are operated by the Puntland-based Golis Telecom, as well as Telcom and Telesom. STC Somaliland, another major local telecommunications company, manages electricity and telephone landlines only.

Additionally, the city is home to a

  • Erigavo, Somalia

References

  1. ^ A.H. Keane, Man, Past and Present, (Cambridge University Press: 1920), p.485.
  2. ^ "Somali montane xeric woodlands". Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund. 
  3. ^ "Levoyageur Weather : Somalia". Retrieved 20 July 2012. 
  4. ^ Somalia City & Town Population. Tageo.com. Retrieved on 2011-12-15.
  5. ^ "Regions, districts, and their populations: Somalia 2005 (draft)" (PDF). UNDP. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  6. ^ Royal African Society, African affairs, Volume 101, Issues 402-405, (Oxford University Press: 2002), p.103.
  7. ^ a b "Erigavo - Observatory of Conflict and Violence Prevention (OCVP)". OCVP. Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  8. ^ "A programme for improving governance, leadership and management capacity of the three health authorities in Somalia". Mannion Daniels Limited. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  9. ^ Erigavo’s Students Trained In Leadership

Notes

Notable residents

[9]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.