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Expedition of Abi Hadrad al-Aslami

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Title: Expedition of Abi Hadrad al-Aslami  
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Subject: Caravan raids, Conquest of Fadak, Expedition of Abdullah ibn Rawaha, Expedition of Shuja ibn Wahb al-Asadi, Demolition of Dhul Khalasa
Collection: 629 in Asia, Campaigns Ordered by Muhammad
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Expedition of Abi Hadrad al-Aslami

Expedition of Abi Hadrad al-Aslami
Date November 629 AD, 8AH
Location Al-Ghaba
Result *Rifa’a ibn Qays successfully assassinated[1][2]
  • Lots of booty captured[3]
Commanders and leaders
Abi Hadrad al-Aslami Rifa’a ibn Qays
Strength
2 Unknown
Casualties and losses
0 1 beheaded,[4] 4 women captured by Muslims[5]

Expedition of Abi Hadrad al-Aslami,[6] took place in January 629 AD, 7AH, Shawwal (10th month) of the Islamic Calendar.[3][7] In this expedition, the chief of the Banu Jusham tribe Rifa’a ibn Qays was successfully assassinated.[1][2]

Contents

  • Assassination of Rifa’a ibn Qays 1
  • Islamic Primary sources 2
  • See also 3
  • Notes 4

Assassination of Rifa’a ibn Qays

Rifa’ah bin Qays and some men from the Banu Jusham bin Mo’awiya camped in al-Ghābah. According to Ibn Hisham he reportedly wanted to gather the people of Qais and entice them into fighting the Muslims. Muhammad, on hearing these reports, despatched Abu Hadrad with two men.

They set out until they were near the camp of Rifa’ah and his men and gathered intelligence.[8] In the night, Abu Hadrad killed Rifa’ah, and then he with his two companions went back to Muhammad.[1] The Muslim scholar Saifur Rahman al Mubarakpuri also mentions that, Abu Hadrad, through a clever strategy, managed to rout the enemy and capture a lot of their cattle as booty. [3]

According to Ibn Hisham. Abu Hardad shot Qais with an arrow in the heart, and then cut off his head and quickly escaped, Ibn Hisham writes:

"As he went he passed by me, and when he came in range I shot him in the heart with an arrow, and he died without uttering a word. I leapt upon him and cut off his head and ran in the direction of the camp shouting ”Allah hu akbar”."
[Ibn Hisham, Pg 671][2]

In total 1 person was beheaded[4] and 4 women were captured by Muslims 4 women captured by Muslims.[5]

Islamic Primary sources

The Expedition is referenced by the Muslim scholar Ibn Sa'd in his book, Kitab al-tabaqat al-kabir, Volume 2[8] and by Ibn Hisham, in his biography of Muhammad. Ibn Hisham mentions the event as follows:

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c The battalion of Abu Hadrad, Maaref-foundation.com
  2. ^ a b c d The life of Muhammad, By Ibn Hisham, Pg 671-672
  3. ^ a b c The sealed nectar, By S.R. Al-Mubarakpuri, Pg242 Author references Za'd Al-Ma'ad 2/149, 150; Rahmat-ul-lil'alameen 2/229, 230; Mukhtasar Seerat Ar-Rasool p.322-324
  4. ^ a b  
  5. ^ a b Al Tabari, Michael Fishbein (translator) (1997), Volume 8, Victory of Islam, State University of New York Press, p. 151,  
  6. ^ The last years of the Prophet, By al-Tabari, Isma'il Qurban Husayn, Pg 123
  7. ^ "In the year 7 A.H, shortly before the Compensatory ‘Umrah", Witness-Pioneer.com
  8. ^ a b Kitab al-tabaqat al-kabir, Volume 2, By Ibn Sa'd, Pg 186
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