World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Expedition of Ali ibn Abi Talib

Article Id: WHEBN0032087725
Reproduction Date:

Title: Expedition of Ali ibn Abi Talib  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Conquest of Fadak, Caravan raids, Expedition of Alqammah bin Mujazziz, Expedition of Dahhak al-Kilabi, Raid of Sa'd ibn Zaid al-Ashhali
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Expedition of Ali ibn Abi Talib

The Expedition of Ali ibn Abi Talib,[1] against the Banu Tai tribe, took place in August 630 AD, 9AH, 2nd month, of the Islamic Calendar.[2][3][4]

Banu Tai

The Banu Tai were a tribe divided between the profession of Idolatry and Christianity.[5]

The chief of the tribe was Hatim Tai, he came to prominence because of his generosity and he acquired fame as a Great hero of Arabia at the time, according to the Encyclopedia of Islam. Hatim was succeeded by Adi, who tried to follow in the footsteps of his father. Adi was very religious.[6]

Expedition

Muhammad sent Ali ibn Abi Talib with 150 men to destroy the statue (idol) of the pagan God al-Qullus, worshipped by the people of Banu Tai. 100 of the Muslim fighters were on camel and the rest were on horseback. Ali took with him a black flag, and a white banner.[7][8] Adi bin Hatim (the chief of the tribe) escaped to Syria[6]

At dawn, Ali carried out a raid on the inhabitants and demolished the statue of al-Qullus, and captured lots of camel and sheep as war booty (spoils). The Muslims also took a number of men, women and children as captives. One of the captives was Hatim Tai's (the former chief of the tribes) daughter.[7][8] Adi bin Hatim (the chief of the tribe) escaped to Syria[6]

Inside the al-Qullus safe the Muslims found 3 swords and 3 armours. They then shared the spoils and left the best for Muhammad. .[7][8]

Aftermath

Upon arrival in Madinah, the sister of ‘Adi bin Hatim begged Muhammad for mercy on her and said:

"O Messenger of Allâh, my brother is absent and father is dead, and I am too old to render any service. Be beneficent to me so that Allâh may be bountiful to you.He said: "Who is your brother?" She said: "It is ‘Adi bin Hatim.", and Muhammad replied: "Is he not the one who fled from Allâh and his Messenger?"

[8] Muhammad then went away from her. The next day she reiterated the same thing and received the same answer. A day later she said the same thing a 3rd time, but this time she was given a horse to go looking for her brother.[8]

Her brother came to Muhammad and a conversation took place. The Muslim scholar Ibn Qayyim Al-Jawziyya mentions the conversation and event in his book Zad al-Ma'ad as follows:

"What makes you flee? Do you flee lest you should say there is no god but Allâh? Do you know any other god but Allâh?" "No" he said, then talked for a while. The Messenger of Allâh went on saying: "Certainly you flee so that you may not hear the statement saying ‘Allâh is the Greatest.’ Do you know anyone who is greater than Allâh?" "No" he said. "The Jews are those whose portion is wrath, and the Christians are those who have gone astray," the Prophet retorted. "I am a Muslim and I believe in one God (Allâh)." ‘Adi finally proclaimed with a joyous face. The Prophet ordered him a residence with one of the Helpers. From that time he started calling at the Prophet in the mornings and in the evenings. [Za'd Al-Ma'ad 2/205]

[8]

Adi then embraced Islam as was reappointed the chief of his tribe.[5] The entire tribe then converted to Islam.[6]

Islamic primary sources

The event is also mentioned by the Muslim Scholar Ibn Sa'd in his book "Kitab al-tabaqat al-kabir", as follows: Ibn Sa'd also explains the aftermath of this event, and Adi ibn Hatim's conversion to Islam, he wrote:

The Muslim scholar, Saifur Rahman al Mubarakpuri, referenced a Hadith from Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal (a Hadith collection) in his biography of Muhammad the "Sealed Nectar". The contents of the Hadith were as follows:

See also

References

  1. ^ Abu Khalil, Shawqi (1 March 2004). Atlas of the Prophet's biography: places, nations, landmarks. Dar-us-Salam. p. 233.  
  2. ^ Abū Khalīl, Shawqī (2003). Atlas of the Quran. Dar-us-Salam. p. 244.  
  3. ^ Hawarey, Dr. Mosab (2010). The Journey of Prophecy; Days of Peace and War (Arabic). Islamic Book Trust. Note: Book contains a list of battles of Muhammad in Arabic, English translation available here, and archive of page here
  4. ^ Rahman al-Mubharakpuri, Saifur (2003). Tafsir Ibn Kathir (Volume 9). Dar-us-Salam. p. 321.   See also Tafsir Ibn Kathir,53:19- Text Version
  5. ^ a b Muir, William (August 1878), The Life of Mahomet, Kessinger Publishing Co (10 Aug 2003), p. 451,  
  6. ^ a b c d Mufti, M. Mukarram Ahmed (Dec 2007), Encyclopaedia of Islam, Anmol Publications Pvt Ltd, p. 103,  
  7. ^ a b c d e Sa'd, Ibn (1967). Kitab al-tabaqat al-kabir,By Ibn Sa'd,Volume 2. Pakistan Historical Society. p. 380.  
  8. ^ a b c d e f Rahman al-Mubarakpuri, Saifur (2005), The Sealed Nectar, Darussalam Publications, p. 269 
  9. ^ Rahman al-Mubarakpuri, Saifur (2005), The Sealed Nectar, Darussalam Publications, p. 270 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.