F (ipa)

The voiceless labiodental fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in a number of spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨f⟩.

Features

Features of the voiceless labiodental fricative:

  • Its manner of articulation is fricative, which means it is produced by constricting air flow through a narrow channel at the place of articulation, causing turbulence.
  • Its place of articulation is labiodental, which means it is articulated with the lower lip and the upper teeth.
  • Its phonation is voiceless, which means it is produced without vibrations of the vocal cords. In some languages the vocal cords are actively separated, so it is always voiceless; in others the cords are lax, so that it may take on the voicing of adjacent sounds.
  • It is an oral consonant, which means air is allowed to escape through the mouth only.
  • Because the sound is not produced with airflow over the tongue, the centrallateral dichotomy does not apply.
  • The airstream mechanism is pulmonic, which means it is articulated by pushing air solely with the lungs and diaphragm, as in most sounds.

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Abkhaz фы [fə] 'lightning' See Abkhaz phonology
Adyghe тфы ) 'five' Contrasts with ejective form.
Albanian faqe [facɛ] 'cheek'
Arabic Standard[1] ظرف [ðˤɑrf] 'envelope' See Arabic phonology
Armenian Eastern[2] ֆուտբոլ ) 'football'
Basque fin [fin] 'thin'
Catalan[3] fase [ˈfazə] 'phase' See Catalan phonology
Chechen факс / faks [faks] 'fax'
Chinese Cantonese fat6 [fɐt˨] 'Buddha' See Cantonese phonology
Mandarin fēi [fei˥] 'to fly' See Mandarin phonology
Coptic ϥⲧⲟⲟⲩ [ftow] 'four'
Czech foukat [foʊ̯kat] 'to blow' See Czech phonology
Dutch[4] fiets [fits] 'bike' See Dutch phonology
English All dialects fill [fɪl] 'fill' See English phonology
Baltimorese think [fɪŋk] 'think' Heard mostly in the speech of infants who have yet to have mastered the /θ/ sound. Only standard in some dialects of Estuary and South African English. Corresponds to /θ/ in other dialects. See th-fronting
Cockney
Estuary
South African
Ewe[5] ? [éfá] 'he was cold'
French[6] fabuleuse [fabyløz] 'fabulous' See French phonology
Galician faísca [faˈiska] 'spark'
German fade [faːdə] 'insipid' See German phonology
Goemai [fat] 'to blow'
Greek φύση fysī [ˈfisi] 'nature' See Modern Greek phonology
Gujarati faļ [IPA transcription?] 'fruit' See Gujarati phonology
Hebrew סופר [so̞fe̞ʁ] 'writer' See Modern Hebrew phonology
Hindi साफ़ [sɑːf] 'clean' See Hindi-Urdu phonology
Hungarian figyel [fiɟɛl] 'he/she pays attention' See Hungarian phonology
Italian fantasma [fanˈta.zma] 'ghost' See Italian phonology
Kabardian фыз [fɨz] 'woman'
Kabyle afus [afus] 'hand'
Macedonian фонетика [fɔnetika] 'phonetics' See Macedonian phonology
Malay feri [feri] 'ferry'
Maltese fenek [fenek] 'rabbit'
Norwegian filter [filtɛɾ] 'filter' See Norwegian phonology
Polish[7] futro ) 'fur' See Polish phonology
Portuguese[8] fogo [ˈfoɡʊ] 'fire' See Portuguese phonology
Romanian[9] foc [fo̞k] 'fire' See Romanian phonology
Russian[10] орфография [ɐrfɐˈɡrafʲɪjə] 'orthography' Contrasts with palatalized form. See Russian phonology
Slovak fúkať [fuːkac] 'to blow'
Somali feex [fɛħ] 'wart' See Somali phonology
Spanish[11] fantasma [fã̈n̪ˈt̪äzmä] 'ghost' See Spanish phonology
Swedish fisk [ˈfɪsk] 'fish' See Swedish phonology
Turkish saf [säf] 'pure' See Turkish phonology
Ukrainian Фастів [ˈfɑ.sʲciu̯] 'Fastiv' See Ukrainian phonology
Urdu ساف [sɑːf] 'clean' See Hindi-Urdu phonology
Vietnamese[12] pháo [faːw˧ˀ˥] 'firecracker' See Vietnamese phonology
Welsh ffon [fɔn] 'stick' See Welsh phonology
West Frisian fol [foɫ] 'full'
Yi fu [fu˧] 'roast'
Zapotec Tilquiapan[13] cafe [kafɘ] 'coffee' Used primarily in loanwords from Spanish

See also

References

Bibliography

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.