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Fangliao

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Fangliao

Fangliao Township in Pingtung County

Fangliao Township[1] (Chinese: 枋寮鄉; pinyin: Fāngliáo Xiāng; Wade–Giles: Fang1-liao23 Hsiang1; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Pang-liâu-hiong; Pha̍k-fa-sṳ: Piông-liàu-hiông; lit. "sandalwood hut") is a rural township in Pingtung County, Taiwan Province of the Republic of China.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Climate 2.1
  • Administrative divisions 3
  • Transportation 4
  • Popular culture 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • Bibliography 8
  • External links 9

History

In 1867, the village of Pangliau was located at the shore of a bay. American consul Charles Le Gendre, reporting on his 1867 visit to southern Formosa (see Formosa Expedition), wrote: "The products are rice and peanuts. Women pound the rice and till the fields, while the men are entirely taken up with fishing." The high mountains to the east were the "exclusive domain of the savage aborigines, who receive from the Chinese (or half-caste) population a certain share of their crops".[2]

In 1875, Imperial commissioner Shen Baozhen, who had been charged with making arrangements to prevent the Japanese from occupying Chinese districts, began introducing reforms in government. Pangliau was incorporated into Hengchun District, which was created from the portion of Fongshan District south of a river slightly north of Pangliau.[3]

Pangliau, 25 miles (40 km) south of Takow, was the site where Japanese forces landed and completed the encirclement of Tainan during the 1895 Japanese invasion of Taiwan.

Geography

Climate

Fangliao has a tropical savanna climate, with warm to hot weather year round, precipitation mainly occur during the wet season from May to September, typical of the rest of the Pingtung Plain.

Climate data for Fangliao Township
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 24.6
(76.3)
25.7
(78.3)
27.6
(81.7)
29.7
(85.5)
31.2
(88.2)
31.7
(89.1)
32.2
(90)
31.9
(89.4)
31.3
(88.3)
30.0
(86)
27.9
(82.2)
25.3
(77.5)
29.09
(84.38)
Daily mean °C (°F) 20.2
(68.4)
21.0
(69.8)
23.1
(73.6)
25.5
(77.9)
27.4
(81.3)
28.4
(83.1)
28.8
(83.8)
28.5
(83.3)
27.8
(82)
26.5
(79.7)
24.2
(75.6)
21.2
(70.2)
25.22
(77.39)
Average low °C (°F) 16.8
(62.2)
17.5
(63.5)
19.7
(67.5)
22.6
(72.7)
24.7
(76.5)
25.9
(78.6)
26.3
(79.3)
26.0
(78.8)
25.4
(77.7)
23.9
(75)
21.6
(70.9)
17.9
(64.2)
22.36
(72.24)
Source: Central Weather Bureau [4]

Administrative divisions

  • Fangliao Village
  • Xinlong Village
  • Baosheng Village
  • Zhongliao Village
  • Anle Village
  • Longshan Village
  • Tianshi Village
  • Deli Village
  • Renhe Village
  • Neiliao Village
  • Xinkai Village
  • Tunghai Village
  • Dazhuang Village
  • Taiyuan Village
  • Yuquan Village[5]

Transportation

TRA Fangliao Station

The township is served by Fangliao Station and Donghai Station of the Taiwan Railway Administration.

Popular culture

It was also the location for the filming of the second season of the American show Wipeout.

See also

References

  1. ^ 臺灣地區鄉鎮市區級以上行政區域名稱中英對照表 Glossary of Names for Administrative Divisions. (Chinese) Accessed at Taiwan Geographic Names Information System website (English). Ministry of the Interior. 16 June 2011. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
  2. ^ Davidson (1903), p. 118.
  3. ^ Davidson (1903), p. 209.
  4. ^ "Climate".  
  5. ^ http://vote2014.nat.gov.tw/en/TV/nm707001600000000.html

Bibliography

  •  

External links

  • Fangliau Township Office (Chinese)


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