World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0037746902
Reproduction Date:

Title: Faranak  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Jamasp, Garsivaz, Banu Goshasp, Hooman, Nariman (father of Sām)
Collection: Shahnameh Characters
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Farānak (Persian: فرانک‎‎) is a female character in the Persian epic Shahnameh. She is the wife of Abtin and the mother of Fereydun.

Farânak is derived from the word Parvâneh, which means butterfly in Persian. Like many other words and names in Persian, the letter P was transformed to F in postarabic period, as the letter P does not exist in Arabic. Parvânak, meaning the little butterfly, is another name for the Persian lynx or caracal, also called siâh-goosh سیاه‌گوش, which means blackeared in Persian. Both the name siâh-goosh (blackeared) and parvânak (little butterfly) refer to the pointy long black ears of the Persian lynx that look like butterflies. The Persian lynx or caracal accompanies the lion as the lion is a strong hunter and often leaves some food for the lynx which is a much smaller cat. In return, the lynx has a much stronger sense of smell and can lead the lion to the prey. Farânak as a female name was first documented in Shâhnameh شاهنامه, for the character who was the wife of the good man Abtin (Aubteen) آبتین , and the mother of the character Fereydun فریدون, a great hero who later became a king. The name for the character Farânak, who stood by these strong men, may have created and inspired by the story of the relationship between the Persian lynx and the lion; she who walks in front of the lions.


  • Warner, Arthur and Edmond Warner, (translators) The Shahnama of Firdausi, 9 vols. (London: Keegan Paul, 1905-1925) (complete English verse translation)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.